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comm(1) [sunos man page]

comm(1) 							   User Commands							   comm(1)

NAME
comm - select or reject lines common to two files SYNOPSIS
comm [-123] file1 file2 DESCRIPTION
The comm utility reads file1 and file2, which must be ordered in the current collating sequence, and produces three text columns as output: lines only in file1; lines only in file2; and lines in both files. If the input files were ordered according to the collating sequence of the current locale, the lines written will be in the collating sequence of the original lines. If not, the results are unspecified. OPTIONS
The following options are supported: -1 Suppresses the output column of lines unique to file1. -2 Suppresses the output column of lines unique to file2. -3 Suppresses the output column of lines duplicated in file1 and file2. OPERANDS
The following operands are supported: file1 A path name of the first file to be compared. If file1 is -, the standard input is used. file2 A path name of the second file to be compared. If file2 is -, the standard input is used. USAGE
See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of comm when encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2**31 bytes). EXAMPLES
Example 1: Printing a list of utilities specified by files If file1, file2, and file3 each contain a sorted list of utilities, the command example% comm -23 file1 file2 | comm -23 - file3 prints a list of utilities in file1 not specified by either of the other files. The entry: example% comm -12 file1 file2 | comm -12 - file3 prints a list of utilities specified by all three files. And the entry: example% comm -12 file2 file3 | comm -23 -file1 prints a list of utilities specified by both file2 and file3, but not specified in file1. ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of comm: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_COLLATE, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH. EXIT STATUS
The following exit values are returned: 0 All input files were successfully output as specified. >0 An error occurred. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWesu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |CSI |enabled | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Standard | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
cmp(1), diff(1), sort(1), uniq(1), attributes(5), environ(5), largefile(5), standards(5) SunOS 5.10 3 Mar 2004 comm(1)

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comm(1) 						      General Commands Manual							   comm(1)

NAME
comm - Compares two sorted files. SYNOPSIS
comm [-123] file1 file2 STANDARDS
Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows: command: XCU5.0 Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags. OPTIONS
Suppresses output of the first column (lines in file1 only). Suppresses output of the second column (lines in file2 only). Suppresses output of the third column (lines common to file1 and file2). The command comm -123 produces no output. OPERANDS
A pathname of the first file to be compared. If file1 is a hyphen (-), the standard input is used. A pathname of the second file to be compared. If file2 is a hyphen (-), the standard input is used. If both file1 and file2 refer to standard input or to the same FIFO special, block special or character special file, the results are unde- fined. DESCRIPTION
The comm command reads file1 and file2 and writes three columns to standard output, showing which lines are common to the files and which are unique to each. The leftmost column of standard output includes lines that are in file1 only. The middle column includes lines that are in file2 only. The rightmost column includes lines that are in both file1 and file2. If you specify a hyphen (-) in place of one of the file names, comm reads standard input. Generally, file1 and file2 should be sorted according to the collating sequence specified by the LC_COLLATE environment variable. (See sort(1).) If the input files are not sorted properly, the output of comm might not be useful. EXIT STATUS
Successful completion. Error occurred. EXAMPLES
In the following examples, file1 contains the following sorted list of North American cities: Anaheim Baltimore Boston Chicago Cleveland Dallas Detroit Kansas City Milwaukee Minneapolis New York Oakland Seattle Toronto The second file, file2, contains this sorted list: Atlanta Chicago Cincinnati Houston Los Angeles Montreal New York Philadelphia Pittsburgh San Diego San Francisco St. Louis To display the lines unique to each file and common to the two files, enter: comm file1 file2 This command results in the following output: Anaheim Atlanta Baltimore Boston Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Dal- las Detroit Houston Kansas City Los Angeles Milwaukee Minneapolis Montreal New York Oakland Philadel- phia Pittsburgh San Diego San Francisco Seattle St. Louis Toronto The leftmost column contains lines in file1 only, the middle column contains lines in file2 only, and the rightmost column contains lines common to both files. To display any one or two of the three output columns, include the appropriate flags to suppress the columns you do not want. For example, the following command displays columns 1 and 2 only: comm -3 file1 file2 Anaheim Atlanta Baltimore Boston Cincinnati Cleveland Dallas Detroit Houston Kansas City Los Angeles Milwaukee Minneapolis Montreal Oakland Philadelphia Pittsburgh San Diego San Francisco Seattle St. Louis Toronto The following command displays output from only the second column: comm -13 file1 file2 Atlanta Cincinnati Houston Los Angeles Montreal Philadelphia Pittsburgh San Diego San Francisco St. Louis The following command displays output from only the third column: comm -12 file1 file2 Chicago New York SEE ALSO
Commands: cmp(1), diff(1), sdiff(1), sort(1), uniq(1) comm(1)

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