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vmsish(3pm)			 Perl Programmers Reference Guide		      vmsish(3pm)

       vmsish - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language features

	   use vmsish;

	   use vmsish 'status';        # or '$?'
	   use vmsish 'exit';
	   use vmsish 'time';

	   use vmsish 'hushed';
	   no vmsish 'hushed';

	   use vmsish;
	   no vmsish 'time';

       If no import list is supplied, all possible VMS-specific features are assumed.  Currently,
       there are four VMS-specific features available: 'status' (a.k.a '$?'), 'exit', 'time' and

       If you're not running VMS, this module does nothing.

       "vmsish status"
	     This makes $? and "system" return the native VMS exit status instead of emulating
	     the POSIX exit status.

       "vmsish exit"
	     This makes "exit 1" produce a successful exit (with status SS$_NORMAL), instead of
	     emulating UNIX exit(), which considers "exit 1" to indicate an error.  As with the
	     CRTL's exit() function, "exit 0" is also mapped to an exit status of SS$_NORMAL, and
	     any other argument to exit() is used directly as Perl's exit status.

       "vmsish time"
	     This makes all times relative to the local time zone, instead of the default of Uni-
	     versal Time (a.k.a Greenwich Mean Time, or GMT).

       "vmsish hushed"
	     This suppresses printing of VMS status messages to SYS$OUTPUT and SYS$ERROR if Perl
	     terminates with an error status.  and allows programs that are expecting
	     "unix-style" Perl to avoid having to parse VMS error messages.  It does not supress
	     any messages from Perl itself, just the messages generated by DCL after Perl exits.
	     The DCL symbol $STATUS will still have the termination status, but with a high-order
	     bit set:

		 $ perl -e"exit 44;"				 Non-hushed error exit
		 %SYSTEM-F-ABORT, abort 			 DCL message
		 $ show sym $STATUS
		   $STATUS == "%X0000002C"

		 $ perl -e"use vmsish qw(hushed); exit 44;"	 Hushed error exit
		 $ show sym $STATUS
		   $STATUS == "%X1000002C"

	     The 'hushed' flag has a global scope during compilation: the exit() or die() com-
	     mands that are compiled after 'vmsish hushed' will be hushed when they are executed.
	     Doing a "no vmsish 'hushed'" turns off the hushed flag.

	     The status of the hushed flag also affects output of VMS error messages from compi-
	     lation errors.   Again, you still get the Perl error message (and the code in $STA-

		 use vmsish 'hushed';	 # turn on hushed flag
		 use Carp;	    # Carp compiled hushed
		 exit 44;	    # will be hushed
		 croak('I die');    # will be hushed
		 no vmsish 'hushed';	 # turn off hushed flag
		 exit 44;	    # will not be hushed
		 croak('I die2'):   # WILL be hushed, croak was compiled hushed

	     You can also control the 'hushed' flag at run-time, using the built-in routine
	     vmsish::hushed().	Without argument, it returns the hushed status.  Since
	     vmsish::hushed is built-in, you do not need to "use vmsish" to call it.

		 if ($quiet_exit) {
		 print "Sssshhhh...I'm hushed...\n" if vmsish::hushed();
		 exit 44;

	     Note that an exit() or die() that is compiled 'hushed' because of "use vmsish" is
	     not un-hushed by calling vmsish::hushed(0) at runtime.

	     The messages from error exits from inside the Perl core are generally more serious,
	     and are not supressed.

       See "Pragmatic Modules" in perlmod.

perl v5.8.0				    2002-06-01				      vmsish(3pm)
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