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viewfax(1)				  Local commands			       viewfax(1)

       viewfax - display fax files in an X11 window

       viewfax	[-fnluirv24]  [-hheight]  [-wwidth]  [-zzoom] [-ddisplay] [-gwxh+x+y] [-bbell] [-mmemory]

       viewfax displays one or more fax files in an X11 window.  The input files  may  be  either
       raw,  single-page  faxes received by a fax modem with a program such as mgetty(1), or tiff
       files such as those used by hylafax.  The first	(or  only)  page  of  "PC-Research"-style
       (DigiFAX)  files  produced by the ghostscript dfaxhigh or dfaxlow drivers can also be dis-

       Input files using any common fax encoding such as group 3 (1 and 2 dimensional) and  group
       4 can be displayed.

       The fax images are rendered at full resolution and then successively scaled down by a lin-
       ear factor of 2 prior to display, until they fit on the screen.	The display can  be  con-
       trolled	interactively  using  mouse and keyboard commands.  The left mouse button expands
       the image by a factor of two and the right button reduces it by the same factor.   If  the
       image is bigger than the available window size, the middle mouse button can be used to re-
       position it within the window.  Hold down the middle button while dragging  the	image  to
       its new position.

       Further interaction is controlled by single-key commands:

       h or Help
	      displays a page of help information.  Type 'q' to return to the original document.

       p or Prior or PgUP or - or BackSpace
	      displays the previous page from the command-line list.

       n or Next or PgDn or + or space
	      displays the next page from the command-line list.

       Shift HOME
	      displays the first page from the command-line list.

       Shift END
	      displays the last page from the command-line list.

       z      zoom in (same as right mouse button).

       Shift Z
	      zoom out (same as left mouse button).

       u      turns  the  image  upside  down,	which is useful if the fax was originally fed the
	      wrong way into the machine.

       Shift U
	      turns this and all following pages upside down.

       l      turns the image through 90 degrees, to view landscape text.

       Shift L
	      turns this and all following pages sideways.

       m      produce a left/right mirror image of the page.

       Shift M
	      mirror this and all following pages.

       cursor arrows
	      reposition the displayed image if it exceeds the window size.

       HOME   repositions so that the top left corner is visible.

       END    makes the bottom right corner visible.

       q      terminates the program.

       Shift Q
	      terminates the program with non-zero exit status.  Can be used  to  abort  a  shell
	      script,  e.g.  when  the user is previewing an outbound fax and decides not to send

       viewfax is designed to "do the right thing" when given just a filename.	Special cases can
       be handled with the following options.  (Note that tiff-files contain a header which over-
       rides the -f, -n, -h, -w, -l, -m, and -u flags.)

       -f     indicates that raw input files are fine resolution (7.7 lines/mm) faxes.	 This  is
	      the default unless the filename begins with "fn".  Tiff and "PC-Research" (DigiFAX)
	      files are self-specifying.

       -n     indicates that raw input files are normal resolution (3.85 lines/mm)  faxes.   Each
	      fax  line is duplicated in the displayed image to give approximately equal vertical
	      and horizontal scales.

	      specifies the number of fax lines.  If this option is missing, viewfax  counts  the
	      number of lines in the input file.

	      specifies the number of pixels in each scan-line.  The default value is 1728.

       -l     display in landscape mode.

       -u     turn the image upside down.

       -i     invert pixels (black/white).

       -b     preferred  warning style: 'a' for audible bell (console beep), 'v' for visible bell
	      (flash the window), 'n' for neither.  'v' is the default.

       -d or -display
	      use specified X server

       -g or -geometry
	      the preferred size and position of the window, specified as widthxheight+x+y.  If a
	      position	is  given  (x and y values), viewfax asks the window manager to place the
	      window there.  The initial size of the window is constrained to be at most  widthx-

	      If the window is subsequently resized due to the user zooming in or out, the geome-
	      try is taken as a constraint on the screen area which may be used by viewfax.

	      If you do not supply a geometry value, everything works fine  with  ICCCM-compliant
	      window  managers like olwm, mwm, twm, and tvtwm.	When fully zoomed out the viewfax
	      window will occupy the entire screen.

	      Users of fvwm will notice that the title bar and left border are moved  off  screen
	      when  viewfax  repositions  the  window to (0,0).  A workaround is to use -geometry
	      +5+23 when using fvwm.  The proper fix would be for someone to update  the  routine
	      HandleConfigureRequest()	 in   fvwm/events.c   to   correspond	to  the  code  in

       -mmemory limit
	      each page is kept in memory after being fetched and expanded, which saves  time  if
	      the  user returns to it in the same session.  To prevent viewfax from using all the
	      available swap space, a limit is placed on the total size of cached  images.   This
	      defaults	to  4  MBytes,	enough for about 6 typical pages.  If the memory limit is
	      exceeded, old images are discarded and must be  reloaded	from  disk  if	the  user
	      returns  to  them.   The	operation of this mechanism is transparent apart from the
	      occasional delays due to reloading.  The value specified on the command line can be
	      suffixed k or m for kilo- or megabytes.

       -r     the  bit	order  of the bytes in the input file is reversed.  The fax specification
	      deals only with serial data  transmission.   Modem  manufacturers  have  to  decide
	      whether  the  first  bit	received  should be placed in the most significant or the
	      least significant position in a byte.  The consensus is to  pack	most  significant
	      first, but the -r flag is available to deal with the opposite order.

       -v     produce some informative messages (verbose mode).

       -zzoom specifies  an  initial  zoom  factor.  A full-scale fax will usually not fit on the
	      screen.  If the -z option is not specified, viewfax scales the image by a power  of
	      2 such that it is fully visible at a reduced size.  The user can then use the mouse
	      buttons (see above) to view expanded portions of the image.

       -2     Assume that raw input files use group 3 two dimensional coding.

       -4     Assume that raw input files use group 4  coding.	 The  number  of  fax  lines  (-h
	      option) is required in this case.

       mgetty (http://alpha.greenie.net/mgetty/) controls data/fax/voice modems.

       hylafax (ftp://sgi.com/sgi/fax) is a full-function fax client/server system.

       g3topbm(1) and xv(1) can be used in a pipeline to view faxes.  This will usually be slower
       than using viewfax, but xv has many capabilities for manipulating the image and saving  it
       in other formats.

       xli(1)  can display a wide variety of image formats, including g3 faxes.  Version 1.15 has
       difficulty recognising damaged fax files.

       faxview.tcl, (ftp://ftp.leo.org/pub/comp/os/unix/networking/mgetty/faxview.tcl.gz) a  sim-
       ple  dialog for viewing FAX messages by Ralph Schleicher (rs@purple.in-ulm.de).	This is a
       useful tool which provides a file menu from which incoming faxes can be selected for  dis-
       play with viewfax.

       CCITT  (now  ITU)  Recommendation  T.4, Standardization of Group 3 Facsimile Apparatus for
       Document Transmission.

       CCITT (now ITU) Recommendation T.6, Facsimile Coding Schemes and Coding Control	Functions
       for Group 4 Facsimile Apparatus.

       The user interface does not comply with any known style guide.
       The  help  text looks moth-eaten because it is encoded as a fax.  This avoids dealing with
       X11 fonts.
       The program does not refer to the X resources database.

       Frank D. Cringle (fdc@cliwe.ping.de).

4th Berkeley Distribution		 14 October 1995			       viewfax(1)
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