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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for lftp (redhat section 1)

lftp(1) 			     General Commands Manual				  lftp(1)

       lftp - Sophisticated file transfer program

       lftp [-d] [-e cmd] [-p port] [-u user[,pass]] [site]
       lftp -f script_file
       lftp -c commands
       lftp --version
       lftp --help

       This man page documents lftp version 2.6.0.

       lftp  is  a  program that allows sophisticated ftp and http connections to other hosts. If
       host is specified then lftp will connect to that host otherwise a  connection  has  to  be
       established with the open command.

       lftp  can  handle  six  file  access methods - ftp, ftps, http, https, hftp, fish and file
       (https and ftps are only available when lftp is compiled with openssl  library).  You  can
       specify	 the  method  to  use  in  `open  URL'	command,  e.g.	`open  http://www.us.ker-
       nel.org/pub/linux'. hftp is ftp-over-http-proxy protocol. It  can  be  used  automatically
       instead	of  ftp  if ftp:proxy is set to `http://proxy[:port]'. Fish is a protocol working
       over an ssh connection.

       Every operation in lftp is reliable, that is any not fatal error is ignored and the opera-
       tion  is repeated. So if downloading breaks, it will be restarted from the point automati-
       cally. Even if ftp server does not support REST command, lftp will  try	to  retrieve  the
       file from the very beginning until the file is transferred completely.

       lftp  has shell-like command syntax allowing you to launch several commands in parallel in
       background (&). It is also possible to group commands within () and execute them in  back-
       ground. All background jobs are executed in the same single process. You can bring a fore-
       ground job to background with ^Z (c-z) and back with command  `wait'  (or  `fg'	which  is
       alias  to `wait'). To list running jobs, use command `jobs'. Some commands allow redirect-
       ing their output (cat, ls, ...) to file or via pipe to external command. Commands  can  be
       executed conditionally based on termination status of previous command (&&, ||).

       If  you exit lftp when some jobs are not finished yet, lftp will move itself to nohup mode
       in background. The same happens when you have a real modem hangup or  when  you	close  an

       lftp has builtin mirror which can download or update a whole directory tree. There is also
       reverse mirror (mirror -R) which uploads or updates a directory tree on server. Mirror can
       also synchronize directories between two remote servers, using FXP if available.

       There  is  command  `at'  to  launch  a	job at specified time in current context, command
       `queue' to queue commands for sequential execution for current server, and much more.

       On startup, lftp executes /etc/lftp.conf and then ~/.lftprc and ~/.lftp/rc. You can  place
       aliases	and  `set'  commands  there.  Some  people prefer to see full protocol debug, use
       `debug' to turn the debug on. Use `debug 3' to see only greeting messages and  error  mes-

       lftp  has  a  number  of settable variables. You can use `set -a' to see all variables and
       their values or `set -d' to see list of defaults.  Variable names can be  abbreviated  and
       prefix can be omitted unless the rest becomes ambiguous.

       If  lftp was compiled with ssl support, then it includes software developed by the OpenSSL
       Project for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.openssl.org/)

       ! shell command

       Launch shell or shell command.


       To do a directory listing of the local host.

       alias  [name [value]]

       Define or undefine alias name. If value is omitted, the alias is undefined, else it  takes
       the value value. If no argument is given the current aliases are listed.

	    alias dir ls -lF
	    alias less zmore


       Sets the user to anonymous.  This is the default.

       at time [ -- command ]

       Wait until the given time and execute given (optional) command. See also at(1).

       bookmark  [subcommand]

       The bookmark command controls bookmarks.
	    add <name> [<loc>]	add current place or given location
			   to bookmarks and bind to given name
	    del <name>		remove bookmark with name
	    edit	   start editor on bookmarks file
	    import <type>	import foreign bookmarks
	    list	   list bookmarks (default)

       cache  [subcommand]

       The cache command controls local memory cache.  The following subcommands are recognized:
	    stat	   print cache status (default)
	    on|off		turn on/off caching
	    flush		flush cache
	    size lim		set memory limit, -1 means unlimited
	    expire Nx	   set cache expiration time to N seconds (x=s)
			   minutes (x=m) hours (x=h) or days (x=d)

       cat files

       cat outputs the remote file(s) to stdout.  (See also more, zcat and zmore)

       cd rdir

       Change  current remote directory.  The previous remote directory is stored as `-'. You can
       do `cd -' to change the directory back.	The previous directory	for  each  site  is  also
       stored on disk, so you can do `open site; cd -' even after lftp restart.

       chmod mode files

       Change permission mask on remote files. The mode must be an octal number.

       close [-a]

       Close idle connections.	By default only with the current server, use -a to close all idle

       command cmd args...

       execute given command ignoring aliases.

       debug [-o file] level|off

       Switch debugging to level or turn it off.  Use -o to redirect the debug output to a file.

       echo [-n] string

       guess what it does.

       exit code
       exit bg

       exit will exit from lftp or move to background if jobs are active.  If no jobs are active,
       code  is  passed to operating system as lftp's termination status. If code is omitted, the
       exit code of last command is used.

       `exit bg' forces moving to background when cmd:move-background is false.


       Alias for `wait'.

       find  [directory]

       List files in the directory (current directory by default)  recursively.   This	can  help
       with servers lacking ls -R support. You can redirect output of this command.


       Obsolete. Use one of the following instead:
	    get ftp://... -o ftp://...
	    get -O ftp://... file1 file2...
	    put ftp://...
	    mput ftp://.../*
	    mget -O ftp://... ftp://.../*
       or  other combinations to get FXP transfer (directly between two ftp servers).  lftp would
       fallback to plain copy (via client) if FXP transfer cannot be initiated or ftp:use-fxp  is

       get [-E] [-a] [-c] [-O base] rfile [-o lfile] ...

       Retrieve  the  remote  file rfile and store it as the local file lfile.	If -o is omitted,
       the file is stored to local file named as base name of rfile. You can get  multiple  files
       by  specifying  multiple instances of rfile [and -o lfile]. Does not expand wildcards, use
       mget for that.
	    -c	      continue, reget
	    -E	      delete remote files after successful transfer
	    -a	      use ascii mode (binary is the default)
	    -O <base> specifies base directory or URL where files should be placed

	    get README
	    get README -o debian.README
	    get README README.mirrors
	    get README -o debian.README README.mirrors -o debian.mirrors
	    get README -o ftp://some.host.org/debian.README
	    get README -o ftp://some.host.org/debian-dir/ (end slash is important)

       glob [-d] [-a] [-f] command patterns

       Glob given patterns containing metacharacters and pass  result  to  given  command.   E.g.
       ``glob echo *''.
	    -f	 plain files (default)
	    -d	 directories
	    -a	 all types

       help [cmd]

       Print help for cmd or if no cmd was specified print a list of available commands.

       jobs [-v]

       List running jobs. -v means verbose, several -v can be specified.

       kill all|job_no

       Delete specified job with job_no or all jobs.  (For job_no see jobs)

       lcd ldir

       Change  current	local  directory ldir. The previous local directory is stored as `-'. You
       can do `lcd -' to change the directory back.


       Print current working directory on local machine.

       ls params

       List remote files. You can redirect output of this command to file or via pipe to external
       command.  By default, ls output is cached, to see new listing use rels or cache flush.

       mget [-c] [-d] [-a] [-E] [-O base] files

       Gets selected files with expanded wildcards.

	    -c	      continue, reget.
	    -d	      create directories the same as file names and get
		      the files into them instead of current directory.
	    -E	      delete remote files after successful transfer
	    -a	      use ascii mode (binary is the default)
	    -O <base> specifies base directory or URL where files should be placed

       mirror [OPTS] [source [target]]

       Mirror specified source directory to local target directory. If target directory ends with
       a slash, the source base name is appended to target directory name. Source  and/or  target
       can be URLs pointing to directories.

	    -c, --continue	continue a mirror job if possible
	    -e, --delete	delete files not present at remote site
	    -s, --allow-suid	     set suid/sgid bits according to remote site
		--allow-chown	     try to set owner and group on files
	    -n, --only-newer	     download only newer files (-c won't work)
	    -r, --no-recursion	     don't go to subdirectories
	    -p, --no-perms	don't set file permissions
		--no-umask	don't apply umask to file modes
	    -R, --reverse	reverse mirror (put files)
	    -L, --dereference	     download symbolic links as files
	    -N, --newer-than FILE    download only files newer than the file
	    -P, --parallel[=N]	     download N files in parallel
	    -i RX, --include RX include matching files
	    -x RX, --exclude RX exclude matching files
	    -I GP, --include-glob GP include matching files
	    -X GP, --exclude-glob GP exclude matching files
	    -v, --verbose[=level]    verbose operation
		--use-cache	     use cached directory listings
	    --Remove-source-files    remove files after transfer (use with caution)
	    -a		   same as --allow-chown --allow-suid --no-umask

       When  using  -R,  the  first  directory	is local and the second is remote.  If the second
       directory is omitted, base name of first directory is used.  If both directories are omit-
       ted, current local and remote directories are used.

       RX is an extended regular expression, just like in egrep(1).

       GP is a glob pattern, e.g. `*.zip'.

       Include	and  exclude  options  can  be	specified multiple times. It means that a file or
       directory would be mirrored if it matches an include and does not match to excludes  after
       the  include,  or  does not match anything and the first check is exclude. Directories are
       matched with a slash appended.

       Note that when -R is used (reverse mirror), symbolic links  are	not  created  on  server,
       because	ftp  protocol  cannot do it. To upload files the links refer to, use `mirror -RL'
       command (treat symbolic links as files).

       Verbosity level can be selected using --verbose=level option or	by  several  -v  options,
       e.g. -vvv. Levels are:
	    0 - no output (default)
	    1 - print actions
	    2 - +print not deleted file names (when -e is not specified)
	    3 - +print directory names which are mirrored

       --only-newer  turns  off file size comparision and uploads/downloads only newer files even
       if size is different. By default older files are downloaded/uploaded if size is different.

       You can mirror between two servers if you specify URLs instead  of  directories.   FXP  is
       used automatically for transfers between ftp servers, if possible.

       mkdir [-p] dir(s)

       Make remote directories. If -p is used, make all components of paths.

       module module [ args ]

       Load given module using dlopen(3) function. If module name does not contain a slash, it is
       searched in directories specified by module:path variable.  Arguments are passed  to  mod-
       ule_init function. See README.modules for technical details.

       more files

       Same  as  `cat  files | more'. if PAGER is set, it is used as filter.  (See also cat, zcat
       and zmore)

       mput [-c] [-d] [-a] [-E] [-O base] files

       Upload files with wildcard expansion. By default it uses the base name of  local  name  as
       remote one. This can be changed by `-d' option.
	    -c	      continue, reput
	    -d	      create directories the same as in file names and put the
		      files into them instead of current directory
	    -E	      delete remote files after successful transfer (dangerous)
	    -a	      use ascii mode (binary is the default)
	    -O <base> specifies base directory or URL where files should be placed

       mrm file(s)

       Same as `glob rm'. Removes specified file(s) with wildcard expansion.

       mv file1 file2

       Rename file1 to file2.

       nlist [args]

       List remote file names

       open [-e cmd] [-u user[,pass]] [-p port] host|url

       Select an ftp server.

       pget [OPTS] rfile [-o lfile ]

       Gets  the  specified file using several connections. This can speed up transfer, but loads
       the net heavily impacting other users. Use only if you really have to  transfer	the  file
       ASAP, or some other user may go mad :) Options:
	    -n	 maxconn  set maximum number of connections (default 5)

       put [-E] [-a] [-c] [-O base] lfile [-orfile]

       Upload  lfile  with  remote  name  rfile. If -o omitted, the base name of lfile is used as
       remote name. Does not expand wildcards, use mput for that.
	    -o <rfile>	   specifies remote file name (default - basename of lfile)
	    -c	      continue, reput
		      it requires permission to overwrite remote files
	    -E	      delete local files after successful transfer (dangerous)
	    -a	      use ascii mode (binary is the default)
	    -O <base> specifies base directory or URL where files should be placed


       Print current remote directory.

       queue [-n num ] cmd

       Add the given command to queue for sequential execution. Each site has its own queue. `-n'
       adds the command before the given item in the queue. Don't try to queue `cd' or `lcd' com-
       mands, it may confuse lftp. Instead do the cd/lcd before  `queue'  command,  and  it  will
       remember  the  place  in  which	the  command is to be done. It is possible to queue up an
       already running job by `queue wait <jobno>', but the job will continue execution  even  if
       it is not the first in queue.

       `queue  stop'  will stop the queue, it will not execute any new commands, but already run-
       ning jobs will continue to run. You can use `queue stop' to create an empty stopped queue.
       `queue  start' will resume queue execution.  When you exit lftp, it will start all stopped
       queues automatically.

       `queue' with no arguments will either create a stopped queue or print queue status.

       queue --delete|-d [index or wildcard expression]

       Delete one or more items from the queue. If no argument is given, the last  entry  in  the
       queue is deleted.

       queue --move|-m <index or wildcard expression> [index]

       Move  the  given  items	before	the given queue index, or to the end if no destination is

	    -q	 Be quiet.
	    -v	 Be verbose.
	    -Q	 Output in a format that can be used to re-queue.
		 Useful with --delete.

	    > get file &
	    [1] get file
	    > queue wait 1
	    > queue get another_file
	    > cd a_directory
	    > queue get yet_another_file

	    queue -d 3		Delete the third item in the queue.
	    queue -m 6 4	Move the sixth item in the queue before the fourth.
	    queue -m "get*zip" 1     Move all commands matching "get*zip" to the beginning
			   of the queue.  (The order of the items is preserved.)
	    queue -d "get*zip"	Delete all commands matching "get*zip".

       quote cmd

       For FTP - send the command uninterpreted. Use with caution - it can lead to unknown remote
       state  and  thus  will cause reconnect. You cannot be sure that any change of remote state
       because of quoted command is solid - it can be reset by reconnect at any time.

       For HTTP - specific to HTTP action. Syntax: ``quote <command> [<args>]''.  Command may  be
       ``set-cookie'' or ``post''.
	    open http://www.site.net
	    quote set-cookie "variable=value; othervar=othervalue"
	    set http:post-content-type application/x-www-form-urlencoded
	    quote post /cgi-bin/script.cgi "var=value&othervar=othervalue" > local_file

       For  FISH - send the command uninterpreted. This can be used to execute arbitrary commands
       on server. The command must not take input or print ### at new line beginning. If it does,
       the protocol will become out of sync.
	    open fish://server
	    quote find -name zip

       reget rfile [-o lfile]

       Same as `get -c'.

       rels [args]

       Same as `ls', but ignores the cache.

       renlist [args]

       Same as `nlist', but ignores the cache.

       repeat [delay] [command]

       Repeat the command. Between the commands a delay inserted, by default 1 second.	Example:
	    repeat at tomorrow -- mirror
	    repeat 1d mirror

       reput lfile [-o rfile]

       Same as `put -c'.

       rm [-r] [-f] files

       Remove  remote  files.	Does  not expand wildcards, use mrm for that. -r is for recursive
       directory remove. Be careful, if something goes wrong you can lose files. -f supress error

       rmdir dir(s)

       Remove remote directories.

       scache [session]

       List cached sessions or switch to specified session.

       set [var [val]]

       Set  variable  to given value. If the value is omitted, unset the variable.  Variable name
       has format ``name/closure'', where closure can specify exact application of  the  setting.
       See  below  for details.  If set is called with no variable then only altered settings are
       listed.	It can be changed by options:

	    -a	 list all settings, including default values
	    -d	 list only default values, not necessary current ones

       site site_cmd

       Execute site command site_cmd and output the result.  You can redirect its output.

       sleep interval

       Sleep given time interval and exit. Interval is in seconds by default, but can be suffixed
       with 'm', 'h', 'd' for minutes, hours and days respectively.  See also at.

       slot [name]

       Select  specified  slot	or  list all slots allocated. A slot is a connection to a server,
       somewhat like a virtual console. You can create	multiple  slots  connected  to	different
       servers	and switch between them. You can also use slot:name as a pseudo-URL evaluating to
       that slot location.

       Default readline binding allows quick switching between slots named  0-9  using	Meta-0	-
       Meta-9 keys (often you can use Alt instead of Meta).

       source file

       Execute commands recorded in file file.


       Stop lftp process. Note that transfers will be also stopped until you continue the process
       with shell's fg or bg commands.

       user user [pass]
       user URL [pass]

       Use specified info for remote login. If you specify an URL with	user  name,  the  entered
       password will be cached so that futute URL references can use it.


       Print lftp version.

       wait [jobno]
       wait all

       Wait for specified job to terminate. If jobno is omitted, wait for last backgrounded job.

       `wait all' waits for all jobs termination.

       zcat files

       Same as cat, but filter each file through zcat. (See also cat, more and zmore)

       zmore files

       Same as more, but filter each file through zcat. (See also cat, zcat and more)

       On  startup, lftp executes ~/.lftprc and ~/.lftp/rc.  You can place aliases and `set' com-
       mands there. Some people prefer to see full protocol debug, use `debug' to turn the  debug

       There is also a system-wide startup file in /etc/lftp.conf.  It can be in different direc-
       tory, see FILES section.

       lftp has the following settable variables (you can also use `set -a' to see all	variables
       and their values):

       bmk:save-passwords (bool)
	      save  plain  text passwords in ~/.lftp/bookmarks on `bookmark add' command.  Off by

       cmd:at-exit (string)
	      the commands in string are executed before lftp exits.

       cmd:csh-history (bool)
	      enables csh-like history expansion.

       cmd:default-protocol (string)
	      The value is used when `open' is used with just host name without protocol. Default
	      is `ftp'.

       cmd:fail-exit (bool)
	      if true, exit when an unconditional (without || and && at begin) command fails.

       cmd:long-running (seconds)
	      time  of command execution, which is considered as `long' and a beep is done before
	      next prompt. 0 means off.

       cmd:ls-default (string)
	      default ls argument

       cmd:move-background (boolean)
	      when false, lftp refuses to go to background when exiting. To force it,  use  `exit

       cmd:prompt (string)
	      The prompt. lftp recognizes the following backslash-escaped special characters that
	      are decoded as follows:

	      \@     insert @ if current user is not default
	      \a     an ASCII bell character (07)
	      \e     an ASCII escape character (033)
	      \h     the hostname you are connected to
	      \n     newline
	      \s     the name of the client (lftp)
	      \S     current slot name
	      \u     the username of the user you are logged in as
	      \U     the URL of the remote site (e.g., ftp://g437.ub.gu.se/home/james/src/lftp)
	      \v     the version of lftp (e.g., 2.0.3)
	      \w     the current working directory at the remote site
	      \W     the base name of the current working directory at the remote site
	      \nnn   the character corresponding to the octal number nnn
	      \\     a backslash
	      \?     skips next character if previous substitution was empty.
	      \[     begin a sequence of non-printing characters, which could be used to embed	a
		     terminal control sequence into the prompt
	      \]     end a sequence of non-printing characters

       cmd:remote-completion (bool)
	      a boolean to control whether or not lftp uses remote completion.

       cmd:verify-host (bool)
	      if  true, lftp resolves host name immediately in `open' command.	It is also possi-
	      ble to skip the check for a single `open' command if `&' is  given,  or  if  ^Z  is
	      pressed during the check.

       cmd:verify-path (bool)
	      if  true,  lftp checks the path given in `cd' command.  It is also possible to skip
	      the check for a single `cd' command if `&' is given, or if ^Z is pressed during the
	      check.  Examples:
		   set cmd:verify-path/hftp://* false
		   cd directory &

       dns:SRV-query (bool)
	      query  for  SRV records and use them before gethostbyname. The SRV records are only
	      used if port is not explicitly specified. See RFC2052 for details.

       dns:cache-enable (bool)
	      enable DNS cache. If it is off, lftp resolves host name each time it reconnects.

       dns:cache-expire (time interval)
	      time to live for DNS cache entries. It has format <number><unit>+, e.g.  1d12h30m5s
	      or just 36h. To disable expiration, set it to `inf' or `never'.

       dns:cache-size (number)
	      maximum number of DNS cache entries.

       dns:fatal-timeout (seconds)
	      limit  the  time	for DNS queries. If DNS server is unavailable too long, lftp will
	      fail to resolve a given host name. 0 means unlimited, the default.

       dns:order (list of protocol names)
	      sets the order of DNS queries. Default is ``inet inet6'' which means first look  up
	      address in inet family, then inet6 and use first matched.

       dns:use-fork (bool)
	      if true, lftp will fork before resolving host address. Default is true.

       fish:shell (string)
	      use  specified  shell  on server side. Default is /bin/sh. On some systems, /bin/sh
	      exits when doing cd to a non-existent directory. lftp can handle that but it has to
	      reconnect. Set it to /bin/bash for such systems if bash is installed.

       ftp:acct (string)
	      Send  this  string in ACCT command after login. The result is ignored.  The closure
	      for this setting has format user@host.

       ftp:anon-pass (string)
	      sets the password  used  for  anonymous  ftp  access  authentication.   Default  is
	      "-name@", where name is the username of the user running the program.

       ftp:anon-user (string)
	      sets  the  user  name  used  for	anonymous  ftp access authentication.  Default is

       ftp:auto-sync-mode (regex)
	      if first server message metches this regex, turn on sync mode for that host.

       ftp:bind-data-socket (bool)
	      bind data socket to the interface of control connection (in passive mode).  Default
	      is true, exception is the loopback interface.

       ftp:fix-pasv-address (bool)
	      if  true,  lftp  will try to correct address returned by server for PASV command in
	      case when server address is in public network and PASV returns an  address  from	a
	      private  network.  In this case lftp would substitute server address instead of the
	      one returned by PASV command, port number would not be changed.  Default is true.

       ftp:fxp-passive-source (bool)
	      if true, lftp will try to set up source ftp server in passive mode first, otherwise
	      destination  one.  If first attempt fails, lftp tries to set them up the other way.
	      If the other disposition fails too,  lftp  falls	back  to  plain  copy.	See  also

       ftp:home (string)
	      Initial directory. Default is empty string which means auto. Set this to `/' if you
	      don't like the look of %2F in ftp URLs. The closure for  this  setting  has  format

       ftp:list-options (string)
	      sets  options  which  are  always appended to LIST command. It can be useful to set
	      this to `-a' if server does not show dot (hidden) files  by  default.   Default  is

       ftp:nop-interval (seconds)
	      delay between NOOP commands when downloading tail of a file. This is useful for ftp
	      servers which send "Transfer complete" message before flushing  data  transfer.  In
	      such cases NOOP commands can prevent connection timeout.

       ftp:passive-mode (bool)
	      sets  passive  ftp  mode. This can be useful if you are behind a firewall or a dumb
	      masquerading router.

       ftp:port-range (from-to)
	      allowed port range for active mode.  Format is min-max, or `full' or `any' to indi-
	      cate any port. Default is `full'.

       ftp:proxy (URL)
	      specifies  ftp  proxy to use.  To disable proxy set this to empty string. Note that
	      it is an ftp proxy which uses ftp protocol, not ftp over	http.  Default	value  is
	      taken from environment variable ftp_proxy if it starts with ``ftp://''. If your ftp
	      proxy requires authentication, specify user name and password in the URL.

       If ftp:proxy starts with http://, hftp (ftp over http proxy) is used instead of ftp  auto-

       ftp:rest-list (bool)
	      allow  usage  of	REST  command before LIST command. This might be useful for large
	      directories, but some ftp servers silently ignore REST before LIST.

       ftp:rest-stor (bool)
	      if false, lftp will not try to use REST before STOR. This can be	useful	for  some
	      buggy  servers which corrupt (fill with zeros) the file if REST followed by STOR is

       ftp:retry-530 (regex)
	      Retry on server reply 530 for PASS command if text matches this regular expression.
	      This  setting  should be useful to distinguish between overloaded server (temporary
	      condition) and incorrect password (permanent condition).

       ftp:retry-530-anonymous (regex)
	      Additional regular expression for anonymous login, like ftp:retry-530.

       ftp:site-group (string)
	      Send this string in SITE GROUP command after login. The  result  is  ignored.   The
	      closure for this setting has format user@host.

       ftp:skey-allow (bool)
	      allow sending skey/opie reply if server appears to support it. On by default.

       ftp:skey-force (bool)
	      do  not  send  plain  text  password  over  the  network, use skey/opie instead. If
	      skey/opie is not available, assume failed login. Off by default.

       ftp:ssl-allow (bool)
	      if true, try to negotiate SSL connection with ftp server for non-anonymous  access.
	      Default is true. This setting is only available if lftp was compiled with openssl.

       ftp:ssl-force (bool)
	      if  trus,  refuse  to  send  password  in  clear	when server does not support SSL.
	      Default is false. This setting is only available if lftp was compiled with openssl.

       ftp:ssl-protect-data (bool)
	      if true, request ssl connection for data transfers. This is cpu-intensive but  pro-
	      vides  privacy.  Default	is false. This setting is only available if lftp was com-
	      piled with openssl.

       ftp:stat-interval (seconds)
	      interval between STAT commands. Default is 1.

       ftp:sync-mode (bool)
	      if true, lftp will send one command at a time and wait for response. This might  be
	      useful  if you are using a buggy ftp server or router. When it is off, lftp sends a
	      pack of commands and waits for responses - it speeds up operation when  round  trip
	      time  is significant.  Unfortunately it does not work with all ftp servers and some
	      routers have troubles with it, so it is on by default.

       ftp:timezone (string)
	      Assume this timezone for time in listings returned by LIST command.   This  setting
	      can  be  GMT  offset [+|-]HH[:MM[:SS]] or any valid TZ value (e.g. Europe/Moscow or
	      MSK-3MSD,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3). The default is GMT.  Set it to an empty value to assume
	      local timezone specified by environment variable TZ.

       ftp:use-abor (bool)
	      if false, lftp does not send ABOR command but closes data connection immediately.

       ftp:use-fxp (bool)
	      if true, lftp will try to set up direct connection between two ftp servers.

       ftp:use-site-idle (bool)
	      when true, lftp sends `SITE IDLE' command with net:idle argument. Default is false.

       ftp:use-stat (bool)
	      if  true,  lftp  sends  STAT command in FXP mode transfer to know how much data has
	      been transferred. See also ftp:stat-interval. Default is true.

       ftp:use-quit (bool)
	      if true, lftp sends QUIT before disconnecting from ftp server. Default is true.

       ftp:verify-address (bool)
	      verify that data connection comes from the network address  of  control  connection
	      peer.  This  can	possibly  prevent data connection spoofing which can lead to data
	      corruption. Unfortunately, this can fail for sertain ftp servers with several  net-
	      work  interfaces,  when  they  do not set outgoing address on data socket, so it is
	      disabled by default.

       ftp:verify-port (bool)
	      verify that data connection has port 20 (ftp-data) on its  remote  end.	This  can
	      possibly	prevent  data connection spoofing by users of remote host. Unfortunately,
	      too many windows and even unix ftp servers forget to set proper port on  data  con-
	      nection, thus this check is off by default.

       ftp:web-mode (bool)
	      disconnect after closing data connection. This can be useful for totally broken ftp
	      servers. Default is false.

       hftp:cache (bool)
	      allow server/proxy side caching for ftp-over-http protocol.

       hftp:proxy (URL)
	      specifies http proxy for ftp-over-http protocol (hftp). The  protocol  hftp  cannot
	      work  without  a	http  proxy,  obviously.  Default value is taken from environment
	      variable ftp_proxy if it starts with ``http://'', otherwise from environment  vari-
	      able  http_proxy.  If your ftp proxy requires authentication, specify user name and
	      password in the URL.

       hftp:use-authorization (bool)
	      if set to off, lftp will send password as part of URL to the  proxy.  This  may  be
	      required for some proxies (e.g. M-soft). Default is on, and lftp will send password
	      as part of Authorization header.

       hftp:use-head (bool)
	      if set to off, lftp will try to use `GET' instead  of  `HEAD'  for  hftp	protocol.
	      While  this  is  slower,	it  may  allow lftp to work with some proxies which don't
	      understand or mishandle ``HEAD ftp://'' requests.

       hftp:use-type (bool)
	      If set to off, lftp won't try to append `;type=' to URLs	passed	to  proxy.   Some
	      broken proxies don't handle it correctly. Default is on.

       http:accept, http:accept-charset, http:accept-language (string)
	      specify corresponding HTTP request headers.

       http:cache (bool)
	      allow server/proxy side caching.

       http:cookie (string)
	      send this cookie to server. A closure is useful here:
		   set cookie/www.somehost.com "param=value"

       http:post-content-type (string)
	      specifies  value	of  Content-Type http request header for POST method.  Default is

       http:proxy (URL)
	      specifies http proxy. It is used when lftp works over http protocol.  Default value
	      is  taken from environment variable http_proxy.  If your proxy requires authentica-
	      tion, specify user name and password in the URL.

       http:put-method (PUT or POST)
	      specifies which http method to use on put.

       http:put-content-type (string)
	      specifies value of Content-Type http request header for PUT method.

       http:referer (string)
	      specifies value for Referer http request header. Single dot `.' expands to  current
	      directory URL. Default is `.'. Set to empty string to disable Referer header.

       http:set-cookies (boolean)
	      if true, lftp modifies http:cookie variables when Set-Cookie header is received.

       http:user-agent (string)
	      the string lftp sends in User-Agent header of HTTP request.

       https:proxy (string)
	      specifies   https   proxy.   Default  value  is  taken  from  environment  variable

       mirror:exclude-regex (regex)
	      specifies default exclusion pattern. You can override it by --include option.

       mirror:order (list of patterns)
	      specifies order of file transfers. E.g. setting this to "*.sfv *.sum" makes  mirror
	      to transfer files matching *.sfv first, then ones matching *.sum and then all other
	      files. To process directories after other files, add "*/" to end of pattern list.

       mirror:parallel-directories (boolean)
	      if true, mirror will start processing of several directories in parallel when it is
	      in  parallel mode. Otherwise, it will transfer files from a single directory before
	      moving to other directories.

       mirror:parallel-transfer-count (number)
	      specifies number of parallel transfers mirror is allowed to start.  Default  is  1.
	      You can override it with --parallel option.

       module:path (string)
	      colon  separated	list  of  directories  to look for modules. Can be initialized by
	      environment variable LFTP_MODULE_PATH. Default is `PKGLIBDIR/VERSION:PKGLIBDIR'.

       net:connection-limit (number)
	      maximum number of concurrent connections to the same site. 0 means unlimited.

       net:connection-takeover (bool)
	      if true, foreground connections have priority over background ones and  can  inter-
	      rupt background transfers to complete a foreground operation.

       net:idle (seconds)
	      disconnect from server after that number of idle seconds.

       net:limit-rate (bytes per second)
	      limit transfer rate on data connection. 0 means unlimited. You can specify two num-
	      bers separated by colon to limit download and upload rate separately.

       net:limit-max (bytes)
	      limit accumulating of unused limit-rate. 0 means unlimited.

       net:limit-total-rate (bytes per second)
	      limit transfer rate of all connections in sum. 0 means unlimited. You  can  specify
	      two  numbers separated by colon to limit download and upload rate separately.  Note
	      that sockets have receive buffers on them, this  can  lead  to  network  link  load
	      higher  than  this  rate	limit  just  after transfer beginning. You can try to set
	      net:socket-buffer to relatively small value to avoid this.

       net:limit-total-max (bytes)
	      limit accumulating of unused limit-total-rate. 0 means unlimited.

       net:max-retries (number)
	      the maximum number of sequential retries of an operation without success.  0  means

       net:no-proxy (string)
	      contains	comma  separated  list	of  domains  for  which proxy should not be used.
	      Default is taken from environment variable no_proxy.

       net:persist-retries (number)
	      ignore this number of hard errors. Useful to login to buggy ftp servers which reply
	      5xx when there is too many users.

       net:reconnect-interval-base (seconds)
	      sets  the  base  minimal	time  between  reconnects.  Actual  interval  depends  on
	      net:reconnect-interval-multiplier and number of attempts to perform an operation.

       net:reconnect-interval-max (seconds)
	      sets maximum reconnect interval. When  current  interval	after  multiplication  by
	      net:reconnect-interval-multiplier  reachs  this  value (or exceeds it), it is reset
	      back to net:reconnect-interval-base.

       net:reconnect-interval-multiplier (real number)
	      sets multiplier by which base interval is multiplied each time new attempt to  per-
	      form  an	operation  fails.  When  the interval reachs maximum, it is reset to base
	      value. See net:reconnect-interval-base and net:reconnect-interval-max.

       net:socket-buffer (bytes)
	      use given size for SO_SNDBUF and SO_RCVBUF socket options. 0 means system default.

       net:socket-maxseg (bytes)
	      use given size for TCP_MAXSEG socket option. Not all operating systems support this
	      option, but linux does.

       net:timeout (seconds)
	      sets the network protocol timeout.

       ssl:ca-file (path to file)
	      use specified file as Certificate Authority certificate.

       ssl:ca-path (path to directory)
	      use specified directory as Certificate Authority certificate repository.

       ssl:crl-file (path to file)
	      use specified file as Certificate Revocation List certificate.

       ssl:crl-path (path to directory)
	      use specified directory as Certificate Revocation List certificate repository.

       ssl:key-file (path to file)
	      use specified file as your private key.

       ssl:cert-file (path to file)
	      use specified file as your certificate.

       ssl:verify-certificate (boolean)
	      if set to yes, then verify server's certificate to be signed by a known Certificate
	      Authority and not be on Certificate Revocation List.

       xfer:clobber (bool)
	      if this setting is off, get commands will not overwrite existing files and generate
	      an error instead. Default is on.

       xfer:eta-period (seconds)
	      the period over which wheighted average rate is calculated to produce ETA.

       xfer:eta-terse (bool)
	      show terse ETA (only high order parts). Default is true.

       xfer:max-redirections (number)
	      maximum  number  of  redirections.  This	can  be useful for downloading over HTTP.
	      Default is 0, which prohibits redirections.

       xfer:rate-period (seconds)
	      the period over which wheighted average rate is calculated to be shown.

       The name of variables can be abbreviated unless it becomes ambiguous.  The  prefix  before
       `:' can be omitted too. You can set one variable several times for different closures, and
       thus you can get a particular settings for particular state. The closure is to  be  speci-
       fied after variable name separated with slash `/'.

       The  closure  for  `dns:',  `net:', `ftp:', `http:', `hftp:' domain variables is currently
       just the host name as you specify it in the `open' command  (with  some	exceptions  where
       closure	is  meaningless, e.g. dns:cache-size).	For some `cmd:' domain variables the clo-
       sure is current URL without path.  For other variables it is not currently used. See exam-
       ples in the sample lftp.conf.

       Certain commands and settings take a time interval parameter. It has the format Nx[Nx...],
       where N is time amount and x is time unit: d - days, h - hours, m - minutes, s -  seconds.
       Default	unit is second. E.g. 5h30m.  Also the interval can be `infinity', `inf', `never',
       `forever' - it means infinite interval. E.g.  `sleep  forever'  or  `set  dns:cache-expire

   FTP asynchronous mode
       Lftp can speed up ftp operations by sending several commands at once and then checking all
       the responses. See ftp:sync-mode variable. Sometimes this does not work, thus  synchronous
       mode is the default. You can try to turn synchronous mode off and see if it works for you.
       It is known that some network software dealing with address translation works  incorrectly
       in the case of several FTP commands in one network packet.

       RFC959  says: ``The user-process sending another command before the completion reply would
       be in violation of protocol; but server-FTP  processes  should  queue  any  commands  that
       arrive while a preceding command is in progress''. Also, RFC1123 says: ``Implementors MUST
       NOT assume any correspondence between READ boundaries on the control  connection  and  the
       Telnet  EOL  sequences  (CR  LF).''  and  ``a  single READ from the control connection may
       include more than one FTP command''.

       So it must be safe to send several commands at once, which speeds up operation a  lot  and
       seems  to  work	with  all  Unix  and  VMS based ftp servers. Unfortunately, windows based
       servers often cannot handle several commands in one packet,  and  so  cannot  some  broken

       -d     Switch on debugging mode

       -e commands
	      Execute given commands and don't exit.

       -p port
	      Use the given port to connect

       -u user[,pass]
	      Use the given username and password to connect

       -f script_file
	      Execute commands in the file and exit

       -c commands
	      Execute the given commands and exit

       The following environment variables are processed by lftp:

       HOME   Used for (local) tilde (`~') expansion

       SHELL  Used by the ! command to determine the shell to run.

       PAGER  This  should be the name of the pager to use.  It's used by the more and zmore com-

       http_proxy, https_proxy
	      Used to set initial http:proxy, hftp:proxy and https:proxy variables.

	      Used to set initial ftp:proxy or hftp:proxy variables, depending	on  URL  protocol
	      used in this environment variable.

	      Used to set initial net:no-proxy variable.

	      Used to set initial module:path variable.

	      system-wide startup file. Actual location depends on --sysconfdir configure option.
	      It is /etc when prefix is /usr, /usr/local/etc by default.

       ~/.lftp/rc, ~/.lftprc
	      These files are executed on lftp startup after /etc/lftp.conf.

	      The file things are logged to when lftp moves into the background in nohup mode.

	      The file is used to store lftp's bookmarks.  See the bookmark command.

	      The file is used to store old working directories for each site visited.

	      The file is consulted to get default login and password to ftp  server.	Passwords
	      are also searched here if an URL with user name but with no password is used.

       ftpd(8), ftp(1)
       RFC854  (telnet),  RFC959  (ftp),  RFC1123,  RFC1945 (http/1.0), RFC2052 (SRV RR), RFC2068
       (http/1.1), RFC2228 (ftp security extensions), RFC2428 (ftp/ipv6).
       http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-murray-auth-ftp-ssl-05.txt (ftp over ssl).

       Alexander V. Lukyanov

       This manual page was originally written by Christoph  Lameter  <clameter@debian.org>,  for
       the  Debian  GNU/Linux  system.	 The  page was improved by Nicolas Lichtmaier <nick@Feed-
       back.com.ar>,  James  Troup  <J.J.Troup@comp.brad.ac.uk>   and	Alexander   V.	 Lukyanov

					   02 Aug 2002					  lftp(1)

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