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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for inews (redhat section 1)

INEWS(1)										 INEWS(1)

       inews - send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution

       inews  [  -A  ]	[  -D  ]  [  -h ] [ -N ] [ -O ] [ -p port ] [ -R ] [ -S ] [ -V ] [ -W ] [
       header_flags ] [ input ]

       Inews reads a Usenet news article (perhaps with headers) from the named file  or  standard
       input if no file is given.  It adds some headers and performs some consistency checks.  If
       the article does not meet these checks (for example, too much quoting of old articles,  or
       posting	to  non-existent  newsgroups)  then  the  article  is rejected.  If it passes the
       checks, inews sends the article to the local news server as specified in  the  inn.conf(5)
       file for distribution.

       -A -V -W
	      For  compatibility  with C News, inews accepts, but ignores, the ``-A'', ``-V'' and
	      ``-W'' flags.

       -D     As a debugging aid, if the ``-D'' flag is used, the consistency checks will be per-
	      formed,  and  the  article will be sent to the standard output, rather then sent to
	      the server.

       -h     In the standard mode of operation, the input consists of	the  article  headers,	a
	      blank  line,  and  the  message  body.   For compatibility with older software, the
	      ``-h'' flag must be used.  If there are no headers in the message, then  this  flag
	      may be omitted.

       -N     The C News ``-N'' flag is treated as the ``-D'' flag.

       -O     The  default Organization header will be provided if none is present in the article
	      or if the ``-o'' flag is not used.  To prevent adding the default, use  the  ``-O''

       -p     If  the  ``-p''  flag is used, then the articles will be sent through the specified
	      port on the remote host.

       -R     If the ``-R'' flag is used then inews will reject any attempts to post control mes-

       -S     If  a  file named .signature exists in the user's home directory, inews will try to
	      append it to the end of the article.  If the file cannot be read, or if it  is  too
	      long  (for  example,  more  than four lines or one standard I/O buffer), or if some
	      other problem occurs, then the article will not be posted.  To suppress this action
	      use the ``-S'' flag.

	      Several  headers	may be specified on the command line, shown in the synopsis above
	      as header_flags.	Each of these flags takes a single parameter;  if  the	value  is
	      more than one word (for example, almost all Subject lines) then quotes must be used
	      to prevent the shell from splitting it into multiple words.  The options, and their
	      equivalent header, are as follows:

		  a	  Approved
		  c	  Control
		  d	  Distribution
		  e	  Expires
		  F	  References
		  f	  From
		  n	  Newsgroups
		  o	  Organization
		  r	  Reply-To
		  t	  Subject
		  w	  Followup-To
		  x	  Path prefix

	      If <DO_INEWS_PATH in include/config.h> is defined, the Path header is built accord-
	      ing to the following rules.  If the ``-x'' flag is used, then its value will be the
	      start of the header.  Any other host will see the site in the header, and therefore
	      not offer the article to that site.   If	<DO_INEWS_PATH	in  include/config.h>  is
	      defined	and   the  ``pathhost''  configuration	parameter  is  specified  in  the
	      inn.conf(5) file, then it will be added to the Path.  Otherwise, if the  ``server''
	      configuration  parameter	is specified, then the full domain name of the local host
	      will be added to the Path.  The Path will always end  <PATHMASTER  in  include/con-
	      fig.h> (typically not-for-mail)

       If  an  unapproved  posting  is	made to a moderated newsgroup, inews will try to mail the
       article to the moderator for posting.  It will query the remote news server for a  modera-
       tors  listing.  If that doesn't succeed, it will fallback to using the local moderators(5)
       file to determine the mailing address.  If no address is found, it will	use  ``moderator-
       mailer'' in inn.conf to determine a ``last-chance'' host to try.

       If  the	NNTP  server  needs  to authenticate the client, inews will use the NNTPsendpass-
       word(3) routine to authenticate itself.	In order to do this, the program will  need  read
       access  to the passwd.nntp(5) file.  This is typically done by having the file group-read-
       able and making inews run setgid to that group.

       Inews exits with a zero status if the article was successfully posted or mailed, or with a
       non-zero status if the article could not be delivered.

       Since  inews will spool its input if the server is unavailable, it is usually necessary to
       run rnews(1) with the ``-U'' flag on a regular basis, usually out of cron(8).

       Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews.   This  is  revision,
       dated 2001/07/24.

       moderators(5), inn.conf(5).  rnews(1).


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