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RNEWS(1)										 RNEWS(1)

NAME
       rnews - receive news from a UUCP connection

SYNOPSIS
       rnews [ -h host ] [ -N ] [ -P port ] [ -r remote ] [ -S remote ] [ -U ] [ -v ] [ input ]

DESCRIPTION
       Rnews  reads  messages typically queued by a UUCP newsfeed and sends them to the InterNet-
       News  server  (either  ``localhost'',  or  the  value  defined  by  the	 variable   <nnr-
       pdposthost in inn.conf>.

       The message is read from the specified input file, or standard input if no input is named.

       When  sent over UUCP, Usenet articles are typically joined in a single batch to reduce the
       UUCP overhead.  Batches can also be compressed, to reduce the communication  time.   If	a
       message	does  not  start  with	a  number sign (``#'') and an exclamation point, then the
       entire input is taken as a single news article.	If it does  start  with  with  those  two
       characters, then the first line is read and interpreted as a batch command.

       If  the command is ``#! rnews nnn'' where nnn is a number, then the next nnn bytes (start-
       ing with the next line) are read as a news article.

       If the command is ``#! cunbatch'' then the rest of input is fed to the compress(1) program
       with  the  ``-d''  flag	to  uncompress it, and the output of this pipe is read as rnews's
       input.  This is for historical compatibility -- there is no  program  named  cunbatch.	A
       compressed batch will start with a ``#! cunbatch'' line, then contain a series of articles
       separated by ``#! rnews nnn'' lines.  If <DO_RNEWSPROGS in  include/config.h>  is  defined
       and the command is any other word, then rnews will try to execute a program with that name
       in the directory <pathbin in inn.conf>/bin/rnews.libexec.

       The batch will be fed into the program's standard input, and the standard output  will  be
       read  back as input into rnews.	If <DO_RNEWS_SAVE_BAD in include/config.h> is defined and
       rnews detects any problems with an article such as a missing header, or an  unintelligible
       reply  from  the  server,  it  will  save  a  copy  of the article in the <pathincoming in
       inn.conf>/bad directory.

OPTIONS
       -h     If  the  ``-h''  flag  is  given,  or  failing  that,  the   environment	 variable
	      <_ENV_UUCPHOST  in  include/paths.h> (typically UU_MACHINE) is set, then rnews will
	      log the Message-ID and host via syslog(3) for each article offered to  the  server.
	      Logging will only be done if the value is not an empty string.

       -N     Normally,  if  unpacking	the  input  fails  it  is  re-spooled to <pathincoming in
	      inn.conf> for another attempt later.  If the ``-N'' flag is used then no	such  re-
	      spooling is done and rnews exits with status value ``9'' to indicate this.

       -P     If the ``-P'' flag is used, then the articles will be sent to the specified port on
	      the remote host.

       -r     If the ``-r'' flag is used, then the articles will be sent to the named remote host
	      instead of the default host.

       -S     ``-S'' flag is equivalent to ``-r'' flag.

       -U     If  the  server is not available, the message is spooled into a new file created in
	      the <pathincoming in inn.conf> directory.  The ``-U'' flag may be used to send  all
	      spooled  messages to the server once it becomes available again, and can be invoked
	      regularly by cron(8).

       -v     If the ``-v'' flag is used, it will print a notice of all errors	on  the  standard
	      error,  naming  the  input file (if known) and printing the first few characters of
	      the input.  Errors are always logged through syslog(3).

BUGS
       Rnews cannot process articles that have embedded \0's in them.

HISTORY
       Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews.  This  is  revision	1.10.2.1,
       dated 2000/08/17.

SEE ALSO
       inn.conf(5), innd(8).

											 RNEWS(1)
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