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Plan 9 - man page for fsconfig (plan9 section 8)

FSCONFIG(8)			     System Manager's Manual			      FSCONFIG(8)

       fsconfig - configuring a file server

       service name

       config device

       filsys name device

       ream name

       recover name

       ip ipaddr

       ipgw ipaddr

       ipmask ipaddr

       ipauth ipaddr


       When  a	file server's configuration has not been set, or by explicit request early in the
       server's initialization (see fs(8)),  the  server  enters  `config  mode'.   The  commands
       described  here	apply only in that mode.  They establish configuration constants that are
       typically valid for the life of the server, and therefore need be run only once.   If  the
       non-volatile  RAM on the server gets erased, it will be necessary to recreate the configu-

       In these commands, ipaddr is an IP address in the form and name  is  a  text
       string without white space.  The syntax of a device is more complicated:

	      A  SCSI disk on target id n2, unit n1, and partition n3.	A single number specifies
	      a unit, while two numbers specify unit.partition, with the missing numbers default-
	      ing to zero.  Any one of the numbers may be replaced by <m-n> to represent the val-
	      ues m through n inclusive.  For example, (w<1-4>) is the concatenation of SCSI tar-
	      gets 1 through 4.

	      A SCSI WORM disk on unit n1, target n2, and partition n3.  The values are as in w.

	      A  pseudo-device	formed	from  the  concatenation of the devices in the list.  The
	      devices are not blank- or comma-separated.

	      A pseudo-device formed from the block-wise interleaving of the devices in the list.
	      The  size  of  the  result  is the number of devices times the size of the smallest

	      A partition starting at n1% from the beginning of device with a length n2%  of  the
	      size of the device.  Parenthesize device if it contains periods.

	      A  pseudo-WORM  disk: blocks on device can be written only once and may not be read
	      unless written.

	      A cached WORM.  The first device is the cache, the second the WORM.

       o      (Letter o) The read-only (dump) file system of the previously defined  cached  WORM
	      file system.

       The service command sets the textual name of the server as known in the network databases.

       The  configuration  information is stored in block zero on a device whose device string is
       written in non-volatile RAM.  The config command identifies the device on which the infor-
       mation is recorded.

       The  filsys command configures a file system on device and calls it name.  Name is used as
       the specifier in attach messages to connect to that file system.  (The file system is  the
       one attached to if the specifier is null; see attach(5)).

       The  ream command initializes the named file system.  It overwrites any previous file sys-
       tem on the same device and creates an empty root directory on  the  device.   If  name  is
       main,  the  file  server,  until the next reboot, will accept wstat messages (see stat(5))
       that change the owner and group of files, to enable initializing a fresh file system  from
       a mkfs(8) archive.

       For  the recover command, the named file system must be a cached WORM.  Recover clears the
       associated magnetic cache and initializes the file system, effectively resetting its  con-
       tents to the last dump.

       The  rest  of  the commands record IP addresses: the file server's address (ip), the local
       gateway's (ipgw), the local authentication server's (ipauth), and the  local  subnet  mask
       (ipmask).   Ipauth  should be if the system is doing its own authentication rather
       than calling an external authentication server.

       The various configuration commands only record what to do; they write  no  data	to  disk.
       The  command  end exits config mode and begins running the file server proper.  The server
       will then perform whatever I/O is required to establish the configuration.

       Initialize a file server kgbsun with a single file system interleaved between SCSI targets
       3 and 4.

	      service kgbsun
	      config w3
	      filsys main [w<3-4>]
	      ream main

       Initialize  a  file  server kremvax with a single disk on target 0 partitioned as a cached
       pseudo-WORM file system with the cache on the third quarter of the drive and  the  pseudo-
       WORM on the interleave of the first, second, and fourth quarters.

	      service kremvax
	      config p(w0)50.1
	      filsys main cp(w0)50.25f[p(w0)0.25p(w0)25.25p(w0)75.25]
	      filsys dump o
	      ream main


       Ken Thompson, ``The Plan 9 File Server''.


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