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Plan 9 - man page for grap (plan9 section 1)

GRAP(1) 			     General Commands Manual				  GRAP(1)

       grap - pic preprocessor for drawing graphs

       grap [ file ...	]

       Grap  is  a pic(1) preprocessor for drawing graphs on a typesetter.  Graphs are surrounded
       by the troff `commands' .G1 and .G2.  Data are scaled and plotted, with	tick  marks  sup-
       plied automatically.  Commands exist to modify the frame, add labels, override the default
       ticks, change the plotting  style,  define  coordinate  ranges  and  transformations,  and
       include	data  from  files.   In addition, grap provides the same loops, conditionals, and
       macro processing that pic does.

       frame ht e wid e top dotted ...: Set the frame around the graph to specified ht	and  wid;
       default	is  2 by 3 (inches).  The line styles (dotted, dashed, invis, solid (default)) of
       the sides (top, bot, left, right) of the frame can be set independently.

       label side "a label" "as a set of strings" adjust: Place label on specified side;  default
       side  is  bottom.  adjust is up (or down left right) expr to shift default position; width
       expr sets the width explicitly.

       ticks side in at optname expr, expr, ...: Put ticks on side at expr, ..., and  label  with
       "expr".	 If  any expr is followed by "...", label tick with "...", and turn off all auto-
       matic labels.  If "..." contains %f's, they  will  be  interpreted  as  printf  formatting
       instructions  for  the  tick  value.  Ticks point in or out (default out).  Tick iterator:
       instead of at ..., use from expr to expr by op expr where op is optionally +-*/ for  addi-
       tive  or  multiplicative  steps.  by can be omitted, to give steps of size 1.  If no ticks
       are requested, they are supplied automatically; suppress this with ticks  off.	Automatic
       ticks normally leave a margin of 7% on each side; set this to anything by margin = expr.

       grid  side  linedesc at optname expr, expr, ...: Draw grids perpendicular to side in style
       linedesc at expr, .... Iterators and labels work as with ticks.

       coord optname x min, max y min, max log x  log y: Set range of  coords  and  optional  log
       scaling	on  either  or both.  This overrides computation of data range.  Default value of
       optname is current coordinate system (each coord defines a new coordinate system).

       plot "str" at point; "str" at point: Put str at point.  Text  position  can  be	qualified
       with rjust, ljust, above, below after "...".

       line  from point to point linedesc: Draw line from here to there.  arrow works in place of

       next optname at point linedesc: Continue plot of data in optname to point; default is cur-

       draw  optname  linedesc ...: Set mode for next: use this style from now on, and plot "..."
       at each point (if given).

       new optname linedesc ...: Set mode for next, but disconnect from previous.

       A list of numbers x y1 y2 y3 ...  is treated as plot bullet at x,y1; plot bullet at  x,y2;
       etc.,  or as next at x,y1 etc., if draw is specified.  Abscissae of 1,2,3,... are provided
       if there is only one input number per line.

       A point optname expr, expr maps the point to the named coordinate system.  A  linedesc  is
       one of dot dash invis solid optionally followed by an expression.

       define  name  {whatever}:  Define  a macro.  There are macros already defined for standard
       plotting symbols like bullet, circle, star, plus, etc., in /sys/lib/grap.defines, which is
       included if it exists.

       var = expr: Evaluate an expression.  Operators are + - * and /.	Functions are log and exp
       (both base 10), sin, cos, sqrt; rand returns random number on [0,1);  max(e,e),	min(e,e),

       print expr; print "...": As a debugging aid, print expr or string on the standard error.

       copy "file name": Include this file right here.

       copy  thru  macro: Pass rest of input (until .G2) through macro, treating each field (non-
       blank, or "...") as an argument.  macro can be the name of a macro previously defined,  or
       the body of one in place, like /plot $1 at $2,$3/.

       copy thru macro until "string": Stop copy when input is string (left-justified).

       pic remainder of line: Copy to output with leading blanks removed.

       graph  Name  pic-position:  Start a new frame, place it at specified position, e.g., graph
       Thing2 with .sw at Thing1.se + (0.1,0).	Name must be capitalized to keep pic happy.

       .anything at beginning of line: Copied verbatim.

       sh %anything %: Pass everything between the %'s to the shell; as with macros, % may be any
       character and anything may include newlines.

       # anything: A comment, which is discarded.

       Order  is  mostly irrelevant; no category is mandatory.	Any arguments on the .G1 line are
       placed on the generated .PS line for pic.

       frame ht 1 top invis right invis
       coord x 0, 10 y 1, 3 log y
       ticks left in at 1 "bottommost tick", 2,3 "top tick"
       ticks bot in from 0 to 10 by 2
       label bot "silly graph"
       label left "left side label" "here"
       grid left dashed at 2.5
       copy thru / circle at $1,$2 /
       1 1
       2 1.5
       3 2
       4 1.5
       10 3
       frame ht 1 top invis right invis
       coord x 0, 10 y 1, 3 log y
       ticks left in at 1 "bottommost tick", 2,3 "top tick"
       ticks bot in from 0 to 10 by 2
       label bot "silly graph"
       label left "left side label" "here"
       grid left dashed at 2.5
       copy thru / circle at $1,$2 /
       1 1
       2 1.5
       3 2
       4 1.5
       10 3

	      definitions of standard plotting characters, e.g., bullet


       pic(1), troff(1)
       J. L. Bentley and B. W. Kernighan,  ``GRAP--A  Language	for  Typesetting  Graphs'',  Unix
       Research System Programmer's Manual, Tenth Edition, Volume 2.


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