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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for rcmscript (opensolaris section 4)

rcmscript(4)					     File Formats					 rcmscript(4)

NAME
rcmscript - script interface specification for the Reconfiguration and Coordination Manager
SYNOPSIS
rcm_scriptname scriptinfo rcm_scriptname register rcm_scriptname resourceinfo resourcename rcm_scriptname queryremove resourcename rcm_scriptname preremove resourcename rcm_scriptname postremove resourcename rcm_scriptname undoremove resourcename
DESCRIPTION
Reconfiguration and Coordination Manager (RCM) is a framework designed to coordinate device consumers during Solaris Dynamic Reconfiguration (DR). The interfaces specified in this man page allow device consumers, such as application vendors or site administrators, to act before and after DR operations take place by providing RCM scripts. You can write your own RCM scripts to shut down your applications, or to cleanly release the devices from your applications during dynamic remove operations. An RCM script is an executable perl script, a shell script or a binary. Perl is the recommended language. Each script is run in its own address space using the user-id of the script file owner. An RCM script is invoked on demand in response to DR as follows: <scriptname> <command> [args ...] Every script must implement the following RCM commands: scriptinfo Get script information. register Register devices the script handles. resourceinfo Get resource information. A script might include some or all the of the following commands: queryremove Queries whether the resource can be released. preremove Releases the resource. postremove Provides post-resource removal notification. undoremove Undo the actions done in preremove. When a script's register command is run, the script should supply, in return data, all resource names the script or its application handles that could potentially be removed by DR. A resource name refers to a name in /dev path name. Below is a high-level overview of the sequence of script invocations that occurs when dynamic removal of a script's registered resource is attempted. See the COMMANDS section for a detailed description of the com- mands. 1. Prior to removing the resource from the system during DR, the script's queryremove command is run: <scriptname> queryremove <resourcename> The script should check for obvious reasons why the resource can not be removed from the perspec- tive of its service or application. 2. If the script indicates that the resource can be removed in the queryremove command. The script's preremove command is run: <scriptname> preremove <resourcename> The script releases the resource from the service or application represented by the script and pre- pares for the resource removal. Releasing the resource includes closing the resource if the resource is currently opened by its application. 3. The system then proceeds to remove the resource. 4. If the system has removed the resource successfully the script's postremove command is run: <scriptname> postremove <resourcename> Otherwise the script's undoremove command is run: <scriptname> undoremove <resourcename> For any commands the script does not implement, it must exit with exit status of 2. RCM silently returns suc- cess for the script's unimplemented commands. A script performs the following basic steps: o Takes RCM command and additional arguments from the command line and environment parameters. o Processes the command. o Writes the expected return data to stdout as name=value pairs delimited by newlines, where name is the name of the return data item that RCM expects and value is the value associated with the data item. Environment The initial environment of RCM scripts is set as follows: o Process UID is set to the UID of the script. o Process GID is set to the GID of the script. o PATH variable is set to /usr/sbin:/usr/bin. o Current working directory is set to: o /var/run for scripts owned by root o /tmp for scripts not owned by root o File descriptor 0 (stdin) is set to /dev/null o Environment variable RCM_ENV_DEBUG_LEVEL is set to the debug level. Logging is discussed below. o The following environment variables are also set where possible: o LANG o LC_COLLATE o LC_CTYPE o LC_MESSAGES o LC_MONETARY o LC_NUMERIC o LC_TIME o LC_ALL o TZ See environ(5) for a description of these variables. See gettext(1) for details on retrieving localized messages. All environment variable names beginning with RCM_ENV_ are reserved for use by the RCM. The character encoding used by the RCM and RCM scripts to exchange RCM commands, environment parameters, and name-value pairs is ASCII unless the controlling environment variables are specified otherwise. Commands scriptinfo The scriptinfo command is invoked to gather information about the script. Return data: If successful, the script must write the following name-value pairs to stdout and exit with status 0: o rcm_script_version=1 o rcm_script_func_info=script_func_info o rcm_cmd_timeout=command_timeout_value where script_func_info is a localized human-readable message describing the functionality of the script. The RCM monitors the execution time of RCM commands by RCM scripts. command_timeout_value is the maximum time in seconds the script is expected to take to process any RCM command except the scriptinfo command itself. If an RCM script does not process the RCM command and exit within this time, RCM sends a SIGABRT signal to the script process. RCM then waits for a few seconds for the script to finish the processing of the current RCM command and exit. If the script does not exit within this time, RCM sends a SIGKILL signal to the script. The rcm_cmd_timeout name-value pair is optional. It is only needed if the script is expected to take more than a few seconds to process any RCM command. Setting this name to a value of 0 (zero) disables the timer. If this name-value pair is not supplied, a default value is assigned by the RCM. Upon failure, the script must specify the failure reason using the name-value pair rcm_fail- ure_reason and exit with status 1. register The register command is invoked to allow a script to specify the resources that it or its application handles that could potentially be removed by DR. The script has to supply all its resource names to RCM using the name-value pair rcm_resource_name. Return Data: If successful, the script must write the following name-value pairs to stdout and exit with status 0: rcm_resource_name=resourcename rcm_resource_name=resourcename . . . where resourcename is the name of the resource the script is interested in. Upon failure, the script must specify the failure reason using the name-value pair rcm_fail- ure_reason and exit with status 1. resourceinfo resourcename The resourceinfo command is invoked to get the usage information about resourcename. Return Data: If successful, the script must write the following name-value pair to stdout and exit with status 0: rcm_resource_usage_info=resource_usage where resource_usage is a localized human readable message describing the usage of the resource by the script. Upon failure, the script must specify the failure reason using the name-value pair rcm_fail- ure_reason and exit with status 1. queryremove resourcename Prior to removing the resource from the system, the queryremove command is invoked to query the script to determine whether the script can release the given resource successfully from the service or application it represents. The script does not actually release the resource. The script might indicate that it is not able to release the resource if the resource is critical for its service or application. Additional environment parameter: RCM_ENV_FORCE Can be one of: FALSE Normal request. TRUE Request is urgent. The script should check whether the resource can be released suc- cessfully by force, such as by using the force option to unmount a file system. Return Data: If the command succeeds, the script must return no data and exit with status 0. If the script would not be able to release the resource, it must specify the reason using the name-value pair rcm_failure_reason and exit with status 3. Upon any other failure, the script must specify the failure reason using the name-value pair rcm_failure_reason and exit with status 1. preremove resourcename The preremove command is invoked prior to an attempt to remove the given resourcename. In response to this command the script can either release the resource (including closing the device if the device is currently opened) from the service or application it represents or indicate that it can not release the resource if the resource is critical for its service or application. Additional environment parameter: RCM_ENV_FORCE Can be one of: FALSE Normal request. TRUE Request is urgent. The script should make extra effort to release the resource, such as by using the force option to unmount a file system. Return Data: If the command succeeds, the script must return no data and exit with status 0. If the script cannot release the resource, it must specify the reason using the name-value pair rcm_failure_reason and exit with status 3. Upon any other failure, the script must specify the failure reason using the name-value pair rcm_failure_reason and exit with status 1. postremove resourcename The postremove command is invoked after the given resourcename has been removed. Return Data: If the command succeeds, the script must return no data and exit with status 0. Upon failure, the script must specify the failure reason using the name-value pair rcm_fail- ure_reason and exit with status 1. undoremove resourcename The undoremove command is invoked to undo what was done in the previous preremove command for the given resourcename. The script can bring the state of the resource to the same state it was in when the script received the preremove command for that resource. Return Data: If the command succeeds, the script must return no data and exit with status 0. Upon failure, the script must specify the failure reason using the name-value pair rcm_fail- ure_reason and exit with status 1. Logging A script must log all error and debug messages by writing to stdout the name-value pairs listed below. The logged messages go to syslogd(1M) with the syslog facility of LOG_DAEMON. See syslog.conf(4). rcm_log_err=message Logs the message with the syslog level of LOG_ERR. rcm_log_warn=message Logs the message with the syslog level of LOG_WARNING. rcm_log_info=message Logs the message with the syslog level of LOG_INFO. rcm_log_debug=message Logs the message with the syslog level of LOG_DEBUG. A script can use the environment variable RCM_ENV_DEBUG_LEVEL to control the amount of information to log. RCM_ENV_DEBUG_LEVEL is a numeric value ranging from 0 to 9, with 0 meaning log the least amount of information and 9 meaning log the most. Installing or Removing RCM Scripts You must use the following format to name a script: vendor,service where vendor is the stock symbol (or any distinctive name) of the vendor providing the script and service is the name of service the script represents. You must be a superuser (root) to install or remove an RCM script. Select one of the following directories where you want to place the script: /etc/rcm/scripts Scripts for specific systems /usr/platform/`uname -i`/lib/rcm/scripts Scripts for specific hardware implementation /usr/platform/`uname -m`/lib/rcm/scripts Scripts for specific hardware class /usr/lib/rcm/scripts Scripts for any hardware Installing a Script To install a script, copy the script to the appropriate directory from the list above, change the userid and the groupid of the script to the desired values, and send SIGHUP to rcm_daemon. For example: # cp SUNW,sample.pl /usr/lib/rcm/scripts # chown user[:group] /usr/lib/rcm/scripts/SUNW,sample.pl # pkill -HUP -x -u root rcm_daemon Removing a script Remove the script from the appropriate directory from the list above and send SIGHUP to rcm_daemon. For exam- ple: # rm /usr/lib/rcm/scripts/SUNW,sample.pl # pkill -HUP -x -u root rcm_daemon
EXAMPLES
Example 1 Site Customization RCM Script #! /usr/bin/perl -w # # A sample site customization RCM script for a tape backup application. # # This script registers all tape drives in the system with RCM. # When the system attempts to remove a tape drive by DR the script # does the following: # - if the tape drive is not being used for backup, it allows the # DR to continue. # - if the tape drive is being used for backup, and when DR is not # forced (RCM_ENV_FORCE=FALSE) it indicates that it cannot release # the tape drive with appropriate error message. When forced # (RCM_ENV_FORCE=TRUE) it kills the tape backup application in # order to allow the DR to continue. # # This script does not implement the postremove and undoremove commands # since there is nothing to cleanup after DR remove operation is # completed or failed. If any cleanup is needed after the DR removal # completed, postremove command needs to implemented. If any cleanup is # needed in the event of DR removal failure, undoremove command needs # to be implemented. # use strict; my ($cmd, %dispatch); $cmd = shift(@ARGV); # dispatch table for RCM commands %dispatch = ( "scriptinfo" => do_scriptinfo, "register" => do_register, "resourceinfo" => do_resourceinfo, "queryremove" => do_preremove, "preremove" => do_preremove ); if (defined($dispatch{$cmd})) { &{$dispatch{$cmd}}; } else { exit(2); } sub do_scriptinfo { print "rcm_script_version=1\n"; print "rcm_script_func_info=Tape backup appl script for DR\n"; exit(0); } sub do_register { my ($dir, $f, $errmsg); $dir = opendir(RMT, "/dev/rmt"); if (!$dir) { $errmsg = "Unable to open /dev/rmt directory: $!"; print "rcm_failure_reason=$errmsg\n"; exit(1); } while ($f = readdir(RMT)) { # ignore hidden files and multiple names for the same device if (($f !~ /^./) && ($f =~ /^[0-9]+$/)) { print "rcm_resource_name=/dev/rmt/$f\n"; } } closedir(RMT); exit(0); } sub do_resourceinfo { my ($rsrc, $unit); $rsrc = shift(@ARGV); if ($rsrc =~ /^devrmt([0-9]+)$/) { $unit = $1; print "rcm_resource_usage_info=Backup Tape Unit Number $unit\n"; exit(0); } else { print "rcm_failure_reason=Unknown tape device!\n"; exit(1); } } sub do_preremove { my ($rsrc); $rsrc = shift(@ARGV); # check if backup application is using this resource # if (the backup application is not running on $rsrc) { # allow the DR to continue # exit(0); #} # # If RCM_ENV_FORCE is FALSE deny the operation. # If RCM_ENV_FORCE is TRUE kill the backup application in order # to allow the DR operation to proceed # if ($ENV{RCM_ENV_FORCE} eq 'TRUE') { if ($cmd eq 'preremove') { # kill the tape backup application } exit(0); } else { # # indicate that the tape drive can not be released # since the device is being used for backup by the # tape backup application # print "rcm_failure_reason=tape backup in progress pid=...\n"; exit(3); } }
EXIT STATUS
A script must exit with following exit status values: 0 Operation specified by the given RCM command has been executed successfully by the script. For queryre- move command it also means that the script can successfully release the resource. 1 An error occurred while processing the RCM command. The script should provide the error message to RCM using the name-value pair rcm_failure_reason before exiting. 2 The script does not support the given RCM command. A script must exit with this status if it cannot understand the given RCM command. 3 Indicates that the script cannot release the resource for preremove and queryremove commands. The script should provide a message to RCM specifying the reason for not being able to release the resource using the name-value pair rcm_failure_reason before exiting.
ERRORS
If a script cannot successfully process an RCM command, it must supply to the RCM a message indicating the reason for failure by writing a name-value pair, in the form shown below, to stdout and exiting with the appropriate exit status. rcm_failure_reason=failure_reason where failure_reason is a localized human readable message describing the reason for failure of the RCM com- mand.
ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Evolving | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
SEE ALSO
gettext(1), cfgadm(1M), cfgadm_scsi(1M), cfgadm_pci(1M), syslog(3C), signal.h(3HEAD), syslog.conf(4), attributes(5), environ(5)
NOTES
RCM scripts are expected to properly handle all RCM commands that the script implements and to log all errors. Only root has permission to add or remove an RCM script. An ill-behaved RCM script can cause unexpected DR failures. RCM commands are invoked only for the resources whose subsystems participate within the RCM framework. Cur- rently, not all susbsystems participate within the RCM framework. SunOS 5.11 18 Feb 2003 rcmscript(4)


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