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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for setreuid (opensolaris section 2)

setreuid(2)							   System Calls 						       setreuid(2)

NAME
setreuid - set real and effective user IDs
SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int setreuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid);
DESCRIPTION
The setreuid() function is used to set the real and effective user IDs of the calling process. If ruid is -1, the real user ID is not changed; if euid is -1, the effective user ID is not changed. The real and effective user IDs may be set to different values in the same call. If the {PRIV_PROC_SETID} privilege is asserted in the effective set of the calling process, the real user ID and the effective user ID can be set to any legal value. If the {PRIV_PROC_SETID} privilege is not asserted in the effective set of the calling process, either the real user ID can be set to the effective user ID, or the effective user ID can either be set to the saved set-user ID from execve() (seeexec(2)) or the real user ID. In either case, if the real user ID is being changed (that is, if ruid is not -1), or the effective user ID is being changed to a value not equal to the real user ID, the saved set-user ID is set equal to the new effective user ID. All privileges are required to change to uid 0.
RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, 0 is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned, errno is set to indicate the error, and neither of the user IDs will be changed.
ERRORS
The setreuid() function will fail if: EINVAL The value of ruid or euid is less than 0 or greater than UID_MAX (defined in <limits.h>). EPERM The {PRIV_PROC_SETID} privilege is not asserted in the effective set of the calling processes and a change was specified other than changing the real user ID to the effective user ID, or changing the effective user ID to the real user ID or the saved set- user ID. See privileges(5) for additional restrictions which apply when changing to UID 0.
USAGE
If a set-user-ID process sets its effective user ID to its real user ID, it can still set its effective user ID back to the saved set-user ID.
ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Standard | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
SEE ALSO
exec(2), getuid(2), setregid(2), setuid(2), attributes(5), privileges(5), standards(5) SunOS 5.11 22 Mar 2004 setreuid(2)