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dhcpconfig(1m) [opensolaris man page]

dhcpconfig(1M)						  System Administration Commands					    dhcpconfig(1M)

NAME
dhcpconfig - DHCP service configuration utility SYNOPSIS
dhcpconfig -D -r resource -p path [-u uninterpreted] [-l lease_length] [-n ] [-d DNS_domain] [-a DNS_server_addresses] [-h hosts_resource] [-y hosts_domain] dhcpconfig -R server_addresses dhcpconfig -U [-f] [-x] [-h] dhcpconfig -N network_address [-m subnet_mask] [-b ] [-t router_addresses] [-y NIS-domain] [-a NIS_server_addresses] [-g] dhcpconfig -C -r resource -p path [-f] [-k] [-u uninterpreted] dhcpconfig -X filename [-m macro_list] [-o option_list] [-a network_addresses] [-f] [-x] [-g] dhcpconfig -I filename [-f] [-g] dhcpconfig -P [parameter[=value],]... dhcpconfig -S [-f] [-e | -d | -r | -q] DESCRIPTION
The dhcpconfig command is used to configure and manage the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) service or BOOTP relay services. It is intended for use by experienced Solaris system administrators and is designed for ease of use in scripts. The dhcpmgr utility is recom- mended for less experienced administrators or those preferring a graphical utility to configure and manage the DHCP service or BOOTP relay service. The dhcpconfig command can be run by root, or by other users assigned to the DHCP Management profile. See rbac(5) and user_attr(4). dhcpconfig requires one of the following function flags: -D, -R, -U, -N, -C, -X, -I, -P or -S. The dhcpconfig menu driven mode is supported in Solaris 8 and previous versions of Solaris. Where dhcpconfig Obtains Configuration Information dhcpconfig scans various configuration files on your Solaris machine for information it can use to assign values to options contained in macros it adds to the dhcptab configuration table. The following table lists information dhcpconfig needs, the source used, and how the information is used: +---------------+---------------------------------------+-----------------------+ |Information | Source | Where Used | +---------------+---------------------------------------+-----------------------+ |Timezone | System date, timezone settings | Locale macro | |DNS parameters | nsswitch.conf, /etc/resolv.conf | Server macro | |NIS parameters | System domainname, nsswitch.conf, NIS | Network macros | |Subnetmask | Network interface, netmasks table in | Network macros | | | nameservice | | +---------------+---------------------------------------+-----------------------+ If you have not set these parameters on your server machine, you should do so before configuring the DHCP server with dhcpconfig. Note that if you specify options with the dhcpconfig -D command line, the values you supply override the values obtained from the system files. OPTIONS
The following options are supported: -C Convert to using a new data store, recreating the DHCP data tables in a format appropriate to the new data store, and setting up the DHCP server to use the new data store. The following sub-options are required: -p path_to_data The paths for SUNWfiles and SUNWbinfiles must be absolute UNIX pathnames. The path for SUNWnis- plus must be a fully specified NIS+ directory (including the tailing period.) See dhcp_mod- ules(5). -r data_resource New data store resource. One of the following must be specified: SUNWfiles, SUNWbinfiles, or SUNWnisplus. See dhcp_modules(5). The following sub-options are optional: -f Do not prompt for confirmation. If -f is not used, a warning and confirmation prompt are issued before the conversion starts. -k Keep the old DHCP data tables after successful conversion. If any problem occurs during conver- sion, tables are not deleted even if -k sub-option is not specified. -u uninterpreted Data which is ignored by dhcpconfig, but passed on to the datastore for interpretation. The pri- vate layer provides for module-specific configuration information through the use of the RESOURCE_CONFIG keyword. Uninterpreted data is stored within RESOURCE_CONFIG keyword of dhcpsvc.conf(4). The -u sub-option is not used with the SUNWfiles, SUNWbinfiles, and SUNWnisplus data stores. See dhcp_modules(5). -D Configure the DHCP service. The following sub-options are required: -r data_resource One of the following must be specified: SUNWfiles, SUNWbinfiles, or SUNWnisplus. Other data stores may be available.See dhcp_modules(5). -p path The paths for SUNWfiles and SUNWbinfiles must be absolute UNIX pathnames. The path for SUNWnis- plus must be a fully specified NIS+ directory (including the tailing period.) . See dhcp_mod- ules(5). The following sub-options are optional: -a DNS_servers IP addresses of DNS servers, separated with commas. -d DNS_domain DNS domain name. -h hosts_resource Resource in which to place hosts data. Usually, the name service in use on the server. Valid values are nisplus, files, or dns. -l seconds Lease length used for addresses not having a specified lease length, in seconds. -n Non-negotiable leases -y hosts_domain DNS or NIS+ domain name to be used for hosts data. Valid only if dns or nisplus is specified for -h sub-option. -u uninterpreted Data which is ignored by dhcpconfig, but passed on to the datastore for interpretation. The private layer provides for module-specific configuration information through the use of the RESOURCE_CONFIG keyword. Uninterpreted data is stored within RESOURCE_CONFIG keyword of dhcpsvc.conf(4). The -u sub-option is not used with the SUNWfiles, SUNWbinfiles, and SUNWnis- plus data stores. See dhcp_modules(5). -I filename Import data from filename, containing data previously exported from a Solaris DHCP server. Note that after import- ing, you may have to edit macros to specify the correct domain names, and edit network tables to change the owning server of addresses in imported networks. Use dhtadm and pntadm to do this. The following sub-options are supported: -f Replace any conflicting data with the data being imported. -g Signal the daemon to reload the dhcptab once the import has been completed. -N net_address Configure an additional network for DHCP service. The following sub-options are supported: -a NIS_server_addresses List of IP addresses of NIS servers. -b Network is a point-to-point (PPP) network, therefore no broadcast address should be con- figured. If -b is not used, the network is assumed to be a LAN, and the broadcast address is determined using the network address and subnet mask. -g Signal the daemon to reload the dhcptab. -m xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx Subnet mask for the network; if -m is not used, subnet mask is obtained from netmasks. -t router_addresses List of router IP addresses; if not specified, router discovery flag is set. -y NIS_domain_name If NIS is used on this network, specify the NIS domain name. -P Configure the DHCP service parameters. Each parameter and value are specified by the following pattern: parameter[=value],... Where parameter and value are: parameter One of the DHCP service parameters listed in dhcpsvc.conf(4). If the corresponding value is not speci- fied, the current parameter value is displayed. If parameter is not specified, all parameters and cur- rent values are displayed. value Optional string to set the servers parameter to if the value is acceptable. If the value is missing or is empty (""), the parameter and its current value are deleted. After a parameter has changed the DHCP server requires re-starting before you can use new parameter values. -R server_addresses Configure the BOOTP relay service. BOOTP or DHCP requests are forwarded to the list of servers specified. server_addresses is a comma separated list of hostnames and/or IP addresses. -S Control the DHCP service. The following sub-options are supported: -d Disable and stop the DHCP service. -e Enable and start the DHCP service. -q Display the state of the DHCP service. The state is encoded into the exit status. 0 DHCP service disabled and stopped 1 DHCP service enabled and stopped 2 DHCP service disabled and running 3 DHCP service enabled and running -r Enable and restart the DHCP service. -U Unconfigure the DHCP service or BOOTP relay service. The following sub-options are supported: -f Do not prompt for confirmation. If -f is not used, a warning and confirmation prompt is issued. -h Delete hosts entries from name service. -x Delete the dhcptab and network tables. -X filename Export data from the DHCP data tables, saving to filename, to move the data to another Solaris DHCP server. The following sub-options are optional: -a networks_to_export List of networks whose addresses should be exported, or the keyword ALL to specify all net- works. If -a is not specified, no networks are exported. -g Signal the daemon to reload the dhcptab after the export has been completed. -m macros_to_export List of macros to export, or the keyword ALL to specify all macros. If -m is not specified, no macros are exported. -o options_to_export List of options to export, or the keyword ALL to specify all options. If -o is not speci- fied, no options are exported. -x Delete the data from this server after it is exported. If -x is not specified you are in effect copying the data. EXAMPLES
Example 1 Configuring DHCP Service with Binary Files Data Store The following command configures DHCP service, using the binary files data store, in the DNS domain acme.eng, with a lease time of 28800 seconds (8 hours), example# dhcpconfig -D -r SUNWbinfiles -p /var/dhcp -l 28800 -d acme.eng -a 120.30.33.4 -h dns -y acme.eng Example 2 Configuring BOOTP Relay Agent The following command configures the DHCP daemon as a BOOTP relay agent, which forwards BOOTP and DHCP requests to the servers having the IP addresses 120.30.33.7 and 120.30.42.132: example# dhcpconfig -R 120.30.33.7,120.30.42.132 Example 3 Unconfiguring DHCP Service The following command unconfigures the DHCP service, with confirmation, and deletes the DHCP data tables and host table entries: example# dhcpconfig -U -x -h Example 4 Configuring a Network for DHCP Service The following command configures an additional LAN network for DHCP service, specifying that clients should use router discovery and pro- viding the NIS domain name and NIS server address: example# dhcpconfig -N 120.30.171.0 -y east.acme.eng.com -a 120.30.33.4 Example 5 Converting to SUNWnisplus Data Store The following command converts a DHCP server from using a text or binary files data store to a NIS+ data store, deleting the old data store's DHCP tables: example# dhcpconfig -C -r SUNWnisplus -p whatever.com. Example 6 Exporting a Network, Macros, and Options from a DHCP Server The following command exports one network (120.30.171.0) and its addresses, the macro 120.30.171.0, and the options motd and PSptrfrom a DHCP server, saves the exported data in file /export/var/120301710_data, and deletes the exported data from the server. example# dhcpconfig -X /var/dhcp/120301710_export -a 120.30.171.0 -m 120.30.171.0 -o motd,PSptr Example 7 Importing Data on a DHCP Server The following command imports DHCP data from a file, /net/golduck/export/var/120301710_data, containing data previously exported from a Solaris DHCP server, overwrites any conflicting data on the importing server, and signals the daemon to reload the dhcptab once the import is completed: example# dhcpconfig -I /net/golduck/export/var/120301710_data -f -g Example 8 Setting DHCP Server Parameters The following command sets the number of minutes that the DHCP server waits before timing out when updating DNS information on DHCP clients to five minutes. example# example# dhcpconfig -P UPDATE_TIMEOUT=5 Example 9 Re-starting the DHCP server The following command stops and re-starts the DHCP server. example# example# dhcpconfig -S -r DHCP server stopped DHCP server started ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWdhcsu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Evolving | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
dhcpmgr(1M), dhtadm(1M), in.dhcpd(1M), pntadm(1M), dhcp_network(4), dhcptab(4), dhcpsvc.conf(4), nsswitch.conf(4), resolv.conf(4), user_attr(4), attributes(5), dhcp(5), dhcp_modules(5), rbac(5) SunOS 5.11 16 Jun 2004 dhcpconfig(1M)

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