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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for readonly (opensolaris section 1)

readonly(1)							   User Commands						       readonly(1)

NAME
readonly - shell built-in function to protect the value of the given variable from reassignment
SYNOPSIS
sh readonly [name]... ksh **readonly [name [= value]]... **readonly -p ksh93 ++readonly [-p] [name [= value]]...
DESCRIPTION
sh The given names are marked readonly and the values of the these names may not be changed by subsequent assignment. If no arguments are given, a list of all readonly names is printed. ksh The given names are marked readonly and these names cannot be changed by subsequent assignment. When -p is specified, readonly writes to the standard output the names and values of all read-only variables, in the following format: "readonly %s=%s\n", name, value if name is set, and: "readonly $s\n", name if name is unset. The shell formats the output, including the proper use of quoting, so that it is suitable for reinput to the shell as commands that achieve the same value and readonly attribute-setting results in a shell execution environment in which: 1. Variables with values set at the time they were output do not have the readonly attribute set. 2. Variables that were unset at the time they were output do not have a value at the time at which the saved output is re-input to the shell. On this manual page, ksh(1) commands that are preceded by one or two ** (asterisks) are treated specially in the following ways: 1. Variable assignment lists preceding the command remain in effect when the command completes. 2. I/O redirections are processed after variable assignments. 3. Errors cause a script that contains them to abort. 4. Words, following a command preceded by ** that are in the format of a variable assignment, are expanded with the same rules as a variable assignment. This means that tilde substitution is performed after the = sign and word splitting and file name genera- tion are not performed. ksh93 readonly sets the readonly attribute on each of the variables specified by name which prevents their values from being changed. If =value is specified, the variable name is set to value before the variable is made readonly. If no names are specified then the names and values of all readonly variables are written to standard output. readonly is built-in to the shell as a declaration command so that field splitting and pathname expansion are not performed on the argu- ments. Tilde expansion occurs on value. -p Causes the output to be in a form of readonly commands that can be used as input to the shell to recreate the current set of readonly variables. On this manual page, ksh93(1) commands that are preceded by one or two + symbols are treated specially in the following ways: 1. Variable assignment lists preceding the command remain in effect when the command completes. 2. I/O redirections are processed after variable assignments. 3. Errors cause a script that contains them to abort. 4. They are not valid function names. 5. Words, following a command preceded by ++ that are in the format of a variable assignment, are expanded with the same rules as a variable assignment. This means that tilde substitution is performed after the = sign and field splitting and file name genera- tion are not performed.
EXIT STATUS
ksh93 The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. >0 An error occurred.
ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWcsu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
SEE ALSO
ksh(1), ksh93(1), sh(1), typeset(1), attributes(5) SunOS 5.11 2 Nov 2007 readonly(1)