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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for pkgtrans (opensolaris section 1)

pkgtrans(1)				  User Commands 			      pkgtrans(1)

       pkgtrans - translate package format

       pkgtrans [-inosg] [-k keystore] [-a alias] [-P passwd] device1 device2

       The  pkgtrans  utility  translates  an  installable package from one format to another. It

	   o	  a file system format to a datastream

	   o	  a file system format to a signed datastream

	   o	  a datastream to a file system format

	   o	  one file system format to another file system format

       The options and arguments for this command are:

       -a alias       Use public key certificate associated with friendlyName alias, and the cor-
		      responding private key. See KEYSTORE LOCATIONS and KEYSTORE AND CERTIFICATE
		      FORMATS in pkgadd(1M) for more information.

       -g	      Sign resulting datastream.

       -i	      Copies only the pkginfo(4) and pkgmap(4) files.

       -k keystore    Use keystore to retrieve private key used to generate signature. If it  not
		      specified, default locations are searched to find the specified private key
		      specified by -a. If no alias is given, and multiple keys exist in  the  key
		      store,  pkgtrans	will  abort. See KEYSTORE LOCATIONS and KEYSTORE AND CER-
		      TIFICATE FORMATS in pkgadd(1M) for more information on search locations and

		      When running as a user other than root, the default base directory for cer-
		      tificate searching is ~/.pkg/security, where ~ is the home directory of the
		      user invoking pkgtrans.

       -n	      Creates  a  new  instance  of  the package on the destination device if any
		      instance of this package already exists, up to the number specified by  the
		      MAXINST variable in the pkginfo(4) file.

       -o	      Overwrites  the  same  instance on the destination device. Package instance
		      will be overwritten if it already exists.

       -P passwd      Supply password used to decrypt the keystore. See PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS  in
		      pkgadd(1M) for details on the syntax of the argument to this option.

       -s	      Indicates  that  the  package  should be written to device2 as a datastream
		      rather than as a file system. The default behavior is to write a file  sys-
		      tem format on devices that support both formats.

       device1	  Indicates  the  source  device.  The package or packages on this device will be
		  translated and placed on device2. See DEVICE SPECIFIERS, below.

       device2	  Indicates the destination device. Translated packages will be  placed  on  this
		  device. See DEVICE SPECIFIERS, below.

       pkginst	  Specifies  which package instance or instances on device1 should be translated.
		  The token all may be used to indicate all packages. pkginst.* can  be  used  to
		  indicate all instances of a package. If no packages are defined, a prompt shows
		  all packages on the device and asks which to translate.

		  The asterisk character (*) is a special character to some shells and	may  need
		  to be escaped. In the C-Shell, the * must be surrounded by single quotes (') or
		  preceded by a backslash (\).

       Packaging tools, including pkgtrans, pkgadd(1M), and pkgchk(1M), have options for specify-
       ing  a package location by specifying the device on which it resides. Listed below are the
       device types that a package can be stored to and retrieved from. Note that source and des-
       tination devices cannot be the same.

       device	       Packages  can  be  stored to a character or block device by specifying the
		       device identifier as the device. Common examples of this device	type  are
		       /dev/rmt/0 for a removable magnetic tape and /floppy/floppy0 for the first
		       floppy disk on the system. pkgtrans can also produce regular  file  system
		       files  in  a  stream  format, which is suitable for storage on a character
		       device, web server, or as input to pkgadd(1M).

       device alias    Devices that have been specified in /etc/device.tab are eligible for being
		       the  recipient  or  source  of  a package. Common examples of this type of
		       device specification are spool (the default package device  location)  and
		       disk1. These names correspond to devices specified in /etc/device.tab

       directory       Packages  can be stored onto a directory by specifying an absolute path to
		       a file system directory. The package contents reside in a directory within
		       the  specified  directory. The package directory name must be identical to
		       its PKG specification in the pkginfo(4) file. An example device specifica-
		       tion of this type is /export/packages.

       Example 1 Translating All Packages on the Floppy Disk

       The following example translates all packages on the floppy drive /dev/diskette and places
       the translations on /tmp:

	 example% pkgtrans /dev/diskette /tmp all

       Example 2 Translating Packages on /tmp

       The following example translates packages pkg1 and pkg2 on /tmp and places their  transla-
       tions (that is, a datastream) on the 9track1 output device:

	 example% pkgtrans /tmp 9track1 pkg1 pkg2

       Example 3 Translating Packages on /tmp

       The  following example translates pkg1 and pkg2 on /tmp and places them on the diskette in
       a datastream format:

	 example% pkgtrans -s /tmp /dev/diskette pkg1 pkg2

       Example 4 Creating a Signed Package

       The following example creates a signed package from pkg1 and pkg2, and reads the  password
       from the $PASS environment variable:

	 example% pkgtrans -sg -k /tmp/keystore.p12 -a foo \
	     -p env:PASS /tmp /tmp/signedpkg pkg1 pkg2

       Example 5 Translating a Package Datastream

       The following example translates a package datastream into a file system format package:

	 example%  pkgtrans /tmp/pkg1.pkg ~/tmp pkg1

       The  MAXINST  variable  is  set	in the pkginfo(4) file and declares the maximum number of
       package instances.

       0     Successful completion.

       >0    An error occurred.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |      ATTRIBUTE TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
       |Availability		     |SUNWpkgcmdsu		   |
       |Interface Stability	     |See below.		   |

       The command-line syntax is Evolving. The digitally-signed stream package is Evolving.

       pkginfo(1), pkgmk(1),  pkgparam(1),  pkgproto(1),  installf(1M),  pkgadd(1M),  pkgask(1M),
       pkgrm(1M), removef(1M), pkginfo(4), pkgmap(4), attributes(5), largefile(5)

       Application Packaging Developer's Guide

       By  default, pkgtrans does not translate any instance of a package if any instance of that
       package already exists on the destination device.  Using  the  -n  option  creates  a  new
       instance if an instance of this package already exists.	Using the -o option overwrites an
       instance of this package if it already exists. Neither of these options are useful if  the
       destination device is a datastream.

       Package	commands  are  largefile(5)-aware. They handle files larger than 2 GB in the same
       way they handle smaller files. In their current implementations, pkgadd(1M), pkgtrans  and
       other package commands can process a datastream of  up to 4 GB.

SunOS 5.11				   30 Oct 2007				      pkgtrans(1)

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