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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for paste (opensolaris section 1)

paste(1)				  User Commands 				 paste(1)

NAME
       paste - merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files

SYNOPSIS
       paste [-s] [-d list] file...

DESCRIPTION
       The  paste  utility will concatenate the corresponding lines of the given input files, and
       write the resulting lines to standard output.

       The default operation of paste will concatenate	the  corresponding  lines  of  the  input
       files.  The  NEWLINE character of every line except the line from the last input file will
       be replaced with a TAB character.

       If an EOF (end-of-file) condition is detected on one or more  input  files,  but  not  all
       input files, paste will behave as though empty lines were read from the files on which EOF
       was detected, unless the -s option is specified.

OPTIONS
       The following options are supported:

       -d list	   Unless a backslash character (\) appears in list, each character in list is an
		   element  specifying a delimiter character. If a backslash character appears in
		   list, the backslash character and one or more characters following it  are  an
		   element  specifying	a  delimiter character as described below. These elements
		   specify one or more delimiters to use, instead of the default  TAB  character,
		   to  replace the NEWLINE character of the input lines. The elements in list are
		   used circularly. That is, when the list is exhausted, the first  element  from
		   the list is reused.

		   When the -s option is specified:

		       o      The last newline character in a file will not be modified.

		       o      The delimiter will be reset to the first element of list after each
			      file operand is processed.
		   When the option is not specified:

		       o      The NEWLINE characters in the file specified by the last file  will
			      not be modified.

		       o      The  delimiter will be reset to the first element of list each time
			      a line is processed from each file.
		   If a backslash character appears in list, it and the  character  following  it
		   will be used to represent the following delimiter characters:

		   \n	    Newline character.

		   \t	    Tab character.

		   \\	    Backslash character.

		   \0	    Empty string (not a null character). If \0 is immediately followed by
			    the character x, the character X, or any  character  defined  by  the
			    LC_CTYPE digit keyword, the results are unspecified.

		   If any other characters follow the backslash, the results are unspecified.

       -s	   Concatenate	all  of  the  lines  of  each separate input file in command line
		   order. The NEWLINE character of every line except the last line in each  input
		   file  will  be  replaced with the TAB character, unless otherwise specified by
		   the -d option.

OPERANDS
       The following operand is supported:

       file	A path name of an input file. If - is specified for one or more of the files, the
		standard  input will be used. The standard input will be read one line at a time,
		circularly, for each instance of -. Implementations support pasting of	at  least
		12 file operands.

USAGE
       See  largefile(5)  for  the  description  of the behavior of paste when encountering files
       greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2^31 bytes).

EXAMPLES
       Example 1 Listing a directory in one column

	 example% ls | paste -d" " -

       Example 2 Listing a directory in four columns

	 example% ls | paste - - - -

       Example 3 Combining pairs of lines from a file into single lines

	 example% paste -s -d"\ t\ n" file

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment  variables	that  affect  the
       execution of paste: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS
       The following exit values are returned:

       0      Successful completion.

       >0     An error occurred.

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |      ATTRIBUTE TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |Availability		     |SUNWesu			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |CSI			     |Enabled			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |Interface Stability	     |Standard			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+

SEE ALSO
       cut(1), grep(1), pr(1), attributes(5), environ(5), largefile(5), standards(5)

DIAGNOSTICS
       "line too long"	     Output lines are restricted to 511 characters.

       "too many files"      Except for -s option, no more than 12 input files may be specified.

       "no delimiters"	     The -d option was specified with an empty list.

       "cannot open file"    The specified file cannot be opened.

SunOS 5.11				   20 Dec 1996					 paste(1)


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