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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for mac (opensolaris section 1)

mac(1)								   User Commands							    mac(1)

mac - calculate message authentication codes of the input
/usr/bin/mac -l /usr/bin/mac [-v] -a algorithm [-k keyfile | -K key_label [-T token_spec]] [file]...
The mac utility calculates the message authentication code (MAC) of the given file or files or stdin using the algorithm specified. If more than one file is given, each line of output is the MAC of a single file.
The following options are supported: -a algorithm Specifies the name of the algorithm to use during the encryption or decryption process. See USAGE, Algorithms for details. Note: Algorithms for producing general length MACs are not supported. -k keyfile Specifies the file containing the key value for the encryption algorithm. Each algorithm has specific key material requirements, as stated in the PKCS#11 specification. If -k is not specified, mac prompts for key material using get- passphrase(3C). For information on generating a key file, see pktool(1), dd(1M) or the System Administration Guide: Security Services. -K key_label Specify the label of a symmetric token key in a PKCS#11 token. -l Displays the list of algorithms available on the system. This list can change depending on the configuration of the cryp- tographic framework. The keysizes are displayed in bits. -T token_spec Specify a PKCS#11 token other than the default soft token object store when the -K is specified. token_spec has the format of: token_name [:manuf_id [:serial_no]] When a token label contains trailing spaces, this option does not require them to be typed as a convenience to the user. Colon separates token identification string. If any of the parts have a literal colon (:) character, it must be escaped by a backslash (\). If a colon (:) is not found, the entire string (up to 32 characters) is taken as the token label. If only one colon (:) is found, the string is the token label and the manufacturer. -v Provides verbose information.
Algorithms The supported algorithms are displayed with the -l option. These algorithms are provided by the cryptographic framework. Each supported algorithm is an alias to the most commonly used and least restricted version of a particular algorithm type. For example, md5_hmac is an alias to CKM_MD5_HMAC. These aliases are used with the -a option and are case-sensitive. Passphrase When the -k option is not used during encryption and decryption tasks, the user is prompted for a passphrase. The passphrase is manipulated into a more secure key using the PBKDF2 algorithm specified in PKCS #5.
Example 1 Listing Available Algorithms The following example lists available algorithms: example$ mac -l Algorithm Keysize: Min Max ----------------------------------- des_mac 64 64 sha1_hmac 8 512 md5_hmac 8 512 sha256_hmac 8 512 sha384_hmac 8 1024 sha512_hmac 8 1024 Example 2 Getting the Message Authentication Code The following example gets the message authentication code for a file: example$ mac -v -k mykey -a sha1_hmac /export/foo sha1_hmac (/export/foo) = 913ced311df10f1708d9848641ca8992f4718057 Example 3 Getting the Message Authentication Code with a Token Key The following example gets the message authentication code with a generic token key in the soft token keystore. The generic token key can be generated with pktool(1): encrypt -v -a sha1_hmac -K my_generic_key \ -T "Sun Software PKCS#11 softtoken" /export/foo Enter pin for Sun Software PKCS#11 softtoken: sha1_hmac (/etc/foo) = c2ba5c38458c092a68940081240d22b670182968
The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. >0 An error occurred.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWcsu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Evolving | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
digest(1), pktool(1), dd(1M), getpassphrase(3C), libpkcs11(3LIB), attributes(5), pkcs11_softtoken(5) System Administration Guide: Security Services RSA PKCS#11 v2.20 and RSA PKCS#5 v2.0, SunOS 5.11 21 Mar 2007 mac(1)