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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for gpt (netbsd section 8)

GPT(8)				   BSD System Manager's Manual				   GPT(8)

NAME
     gpt -- GUID partition table maintenance utility

SYNOPSIS
     gpt [general_options] command [command_options] device ...

DESCRIPTION
     The gpt utility provides the necessary functionality to manipulate GUID partition tables
     (GPTs), but see BUGS below for how and where functionality is missing.  The basic usage
     model of the gpt tool follows that of the cvs(1) tool.  The general options are described in
     the following paragraph.  The remaining paragraphs describe the individual commands with
     their options.  Here we conclude by mentioning that a device is either a special file corre-
     sponding to a disk-like device or a regular file.	The command is applied to each device
     listed on the command line.

   General Options
     The general options allow the user to change default settings or otherwise change the behav-
     iour that is applicable to all commands.  Not all commands use all default settings, so some
     general options may not have an effect on all commands.

     The -p count option allows the user to change the number of partitions the GPT can accommo-
     date.  This is used whenever a new GPT is created.  By default, the gpt utility will create
     space for 128 partitions (or 32 sectors of 512 bytes).

     The -r option causes the gpt utility to open the device for reading only.	Currently this
     option is primarily useful for the show command, but the intent is to use it to implement
     dry-run behaviour.

     The -v option controls the verbosity level.  The level increases with every occurrence of
     this option.  There is no formalized definition of the different levels yet.

   Commands
     gpt add [-b number] [-i index] [-s count] [-t type] device ...
	     The add command allows the user to add a new partition to an existing table.  By
	     default, it will create a UFS partition covering the first available block of an
	     unused disk space.  The command-specific options can be used to control this behav-
	     iour.

	     The -b number option allows the user to specify the starting (beginning) sector num-
	     ber of the partition.  The minimum sector number is 1, but has to fall inside an
	     unused region of disk space that is covered by the GPT.

	     The -i index option allows the user to specify which (free) entry in the GPT table
	     is to be used for the new partition.  By default, the first free entry is selected.

	     The -s count option allows the user to specify the size of the partition in sectors.
	     The minimum size is 1.

	     The -t type option allows the user to specify the partition type.	The type is given
	     as an UUID, but gpt accepts efi, swap, ufs, hfs, linux, raid, lfs, ccd, cgd, bios,
	     ffs, and windows as aliases for the most commonly used partition types.

     gpt biosboot [-c bootcode] [-i index] device ...
	     The biosboot command allows the user to configure the partition that contains the
	     primary bootstrap program, used during boot(8).

	     The -c option allows the user to specify the filename that gpt should read the boot-
	     code from.  The default is to read from /usr/mdec/gptmbr.bin.

	     The -i option selects the partition that should contain the primary bootstrap code,
	     as installed via installboot(8).

     gpt create [-fp] device ...
	     The create command allows the user to create a new (empty) GPT.  By default, one
	     cannot create a GPT when the device contains a MBR, however this can be overridden
	     with the -f option.  If the -f option is specified, an existing MBR is destroyed and
	     any partitions described by the MBR are lost.

	     The -p option tells gpt to create only the primary table and not the backup table.
	     This option is only useful for debugging and should not be used otherwise.

     gpt destroy [-r] device ...
	     The destroy command allows the user to destroy an existing, possibly not empty GPT.

	     The -r option instructs gpt to destroy the table in a way that it can be recovered.

     gpt label [-a] <-f file | -l label> device ...

     gpt label [-b number] [-i index] [-s count] [-t type] <-f file | -l label> device ...
	     The label command allows the user to label any partitions that match the selection.
	     At least one of the following selection options must be specified.

	     The -a option specifies that all partitions should be labeled.  It is mutually
	     exclusive with all other selection options.

	     The -b number option selects the partition that starts at the given block number.

	     The -i index option selects the partition with the given partition number.

	     The -s count option selects all partitions that have the given size.  This can cause
	     multiple partitions to be removed.

	     The -t type option selects all partitions that have the given type.  The type is
	     given as an UUID or by the aliases that the add command accepts.  This can cause
	     multiple partitions to be removed.

	     The -f file or -l label options specify the new label to be assigned to the selected
	     partitions.  The -f file option is used to read the label from the specified file.
	     Only the first line is read from the file and the trailing newline character is
	     stripped.	If the file name is the dash or minus sign (-), the label is read from
	     the standard input.  The -l label option is used to specify the label in the command
	     line.  The label is assumed to be encoded in UTF-8.

     gpt migrate [-fs] device ...
	     The migrate command allows the user to migrate an MBR-based disk partitioning into a
	     GPT-based partitioning.  By default, the MBR is not migrated when it contains parti-
	     tions of an unknown type.	This can be overridden with the -f option.  Specifying
	     the -f option will cause unknown partitions to be ignored and any data in it to be
	     lost.

	     The -s option prevents migrating BSD disk labels into GPT partitions by creating the
	     GPT equivalent of a slice.

     gpt recover device ...
	     The recover command tries to restore the GPT partition label from the backup near
	     the end of the disk.  It is very useful in case the primary label was deleted.

     gpt remove [-a] device ...

     gpt remove [-b number] [-i index] [-s count] [-t type] device ...
	     The remove command allows the user to remove any and all partitions that match the
	     selection.  It uses the same selection options as the label command.  See above for
	     a description of these options.  Partitions are removed by clearing the partition
	     type.  No other information is changed.

     gpt show [-lu] device ...
	     The show command displays the current partitioning on the listed devices and gives
	     an overall view of the disk contents.  With the -l option the GPT partition label
	     will be displayed instead of the GPT partition type.  The option has no effect on
	     non-GPT partitions.  With the -u option the GPT partition type is displayed as an
	     UUID instead of in a user friendly form.  The -l option takes precedence over the -u
	     option.

EXAMPLES
     nas# gpt show wd3
	    start	 size  index  contents
		0	    1	      PMBR
		1  3907029167
     nas# gpt create wd3
     nas# gpt show wd3
	    start	 size  index  contents
		0	    1	      PMBR
		1	    1	      Pri GPT header
		2	   32	      Pri GPT table
	       34  3907029101
       3907029135	   32	      Sec GPT table
       3907029167	    1	      Sec GPT header
     nas# gpt add -s 10486224 -t swap -i 1 wd3
     Partition added, use:
	     dkctl rwd3d addwedge dk<N> 34 10486224 <type>
     to create a wedge for it
     nas# gpt label -i 1 -l swap_1 wd3
     parition 1 on rwd3d labeled swap_1
     nas# gpt show wd3
	    start	 size  index  contents
		0	    1	      PMBR
		1	    1	      Pri GPT header
		2	   32	      Pri GPT table
	       34    10486224	   1  GPT part - NetBSD swap
	 10486258  3896542877
       3907029135	   32	      Sec GPT table
       3907029167	    1	      Sec GPT header
     nas#

SEE ALSO
     boot(8), fdisk(8), installboot(8), mount(8), newfs(8), swapon(8)

HISTORY
     The gpt utility appeared in FreeBSD 5.0 for ia64.

BUGS
     The development of the gpt utility is still work in progress.  Many necessary features are
     missing or partially implemented.	In practice this means that the manual page, supposed to
     describe these features, is farther removed from being complete or useful.  As such, missing
     functionality is not even documented as missing.  However, it is believed that the currently
     present functionality is reliable and stable enough that this tool can be used without bul-
     let-proof footware if one thinks one does not make mistakes.

     It is expected that the basic usage model does not change, but it is possible that future
     versions will not be compatible in the strictest sense of the word.  For example, the -p
     count option may be changed to a command option rather than a generic option.  There are
     only two commands that use it so there is a chance that the natural tendency for people is
     to use it as a command option.  Also, options primarily intended for diagnostic or debug
     purposes may be removed in future versions.

     Another possibility is that the current usage model is accompanied by other interfaces to
     make the tool usable as a back-end.  This all depends on demand and thus feedback.

BSD					  March 9, 2012 				      BSD


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