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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for bio (netbsd section 4)

BIO(4)				   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			   BIO(4)

NAME
     bio -- Block IO ioctl tunnel pseudo-device

SYNOPSIS
     pseudo-device bio

DESCRIPTION
     The bio driver provides userland applications ioctl(2) access to devices otherwise not found
     as /dev nodes.  The /dev/bio device node operates by delegating ioctl calls to a requested
     device driver.  Only drivers which have registered with the bio device can be accessed via
     this interface.

     The following device drivers register with bio for volume management:

	   arcmsr(4)  Areca Technology Corporation SATA RAID controller
	   cac(4)     Compaq RAID array controller
	   ciss(4)    Compaq Smart ARRAY 5/6 SAS/SATA/SCSI RAID controller
	   mfi(4)     LSI Logic & Dell MegaRAID SAS RAID controller

     The following ioctl calls apply to the bio device:

     BIOCLOCATE        Locate a named device and give back a cookie to the application for subse-
		       quent ioctl calls.  The cookie is used to tunnel further ioctls to the
		       right device.

     BIOCINQ	       Retrieve number of volumes and physical disks for a specific device.

     BIOCDISK	       Retrieve detailed information for the specified physical disk.  Informa-
		       tion returned can include status, size, channel, target, lun, vendor name,
		       serial number, and processor device (ses).

     BIOCDISK_NOVOL    Is just the same as BIOCDISK but doesn't require the disks to be in volume
		       sets, so this applies to any physical disk connected to the controller.

		       Note: this ioctl might not be supported on all hardware.

     BIOCVOL	       Retrieve detailed information for the specified volume.	Information
		       returned can include status, size, RAID level, number of disks, device
		       name association (sd?) and vendor name.

     BIOCALARM	       Control the alarm beeper on the device.	Supported states are: disable
		       alarm, enable alarm, silence alarm, status and test alarm.

		       Note: These options might not be supported on all hardware.

     BIOCBLINK	       Blink an LED of the specified physical disk.  Supported blink states are:
		       blink LED, unblink LED and blink alarm LED.

		       Note: This option is only supported if the disk is governed by ses(4) and
		       the hardware supports hardware blinking.

     BIOCSETSTATE      Alter the state of specified physical disk.  Supported states are: cre-
		       ate/remove hot-spare, create/remove pass through disk, start/stop consis-
		       tency check in a volume, online disk and offline disk.

		       Note: These options might not be supported on all hardware.

     BIOCVOLOPS        For operations in volume sets.  It's able to create and remove a volume
		       set in a supported RAID controller.

		       Note: this ioctl might not be supported on all hardware.

FILES
     /dev/bio  ioctl tunnel device

SEE ALSO
     ioctl(2), bioctl(8)

HISTORY
     The bio driver first appeared in OpenBSD 3.2 and NetBSD 4.0.

AUTHORS
     The bio driver was written by Niklas Hallqvist <niklas@openbsd.org>.  The API was written by
     Marco Peereboom <marco@openbsd.org> and was extended even more for NetBSD by Juan Romero
     Pardines <xtraeme@netbsd.org>.

BSD					   May 25, 2008 				      BSD


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