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who(1) [netbsd man page]

WHO(1)							    BSD General Commands Manual 						    WHO(1)

NAME
who -- display who is logged in SYNOPSIS
who [-abdHlmqrstTuv] [file] who am i DESCRIPTION
The who utility displays a list of all users currently logged on, showing for each user the login name, tty name, the date and time of login, and hostname if not local. Available options: -a Same as --bdlprTtuv. -b Time of last system boot. -d Print dead processes. -H Write column headings above the regular output. -l Print system login processes. -m Only print information about the current terminal. This is the POSIX way of saying who am i. -p Print active processes spawned by init(8). -q ``Quick mode'': List only the names and the number of users currently logged on. When this option is used, all other options are ignored. -r Print the current runlevel. Supported runlevels are: d (DEATH) The system has halted. s (SINGLE_USER) The system is running in single user mode. r (RUNCOM) The system is executing /etc/rc. t (READ_TTYS) The system is processing /etc/ttys. m (MULTI_USER) The system is running in multi-user mode. T (CLEAN_TTYS) The system is in the process of stopping processes associated with terminal devices. c (CATATONIA) The system is in the process of shutting down and will not create new processes. -s List only the name, line and time fields. This is the default. -T Print a character after the user name indicating the state of the terminal line: '+' if the terminal is writable; '-' if it is not; and '?' if a bad line is encountered. -t Print last system clock change. -u Print the idle time for each user, and the associated process ID. -v When printing of more information is requested with -u, this switch can be used to also printed process termination signals, process exit status, session id for windowing and the type of the entry, see documentation of ut_type in getutxent(3). am I Returns the invoker's real user name. file By default, who gathers information from the file /var/run/utmpx. An alternative file may be specified which is usually /var/log/wtmpx (or /var/log/wtmp, or /var/log/wtmpx.[0-6] or /var/log/wtmp.[0-6] depending on site policy as wtmpx can grow quite large and daily ver- sions may or may not be kept around after compression by ac(8)). The wtmpx and wtmp file contains a record of every login, logout, crash, shutdown and date change since wtmpx and wtmp were last truncated or created. If /var/log/wtmpx or /var/log/wtmp are being used as the file, the user name may be empty or one of the special characters '|', '}' and '~'. Logouts produce an output line without any user name. For more information on the special characters, see utmp(5). FILES
/var/run/utmp /var/run/utmpx /var/log/wtmp /var/log/wtmp.[0-6] /var/log/wtmpx /var/log/wtmpx.[0-6] SEE ALSO
last(1), mesg(1), users(1), getuid(2), utmp(5), utmpx(5) STANDARDS
The who utility is expected to conform to IEEE Std 1003.2-1992 (``POSIX.2''). HISTORY
A who utility appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. BSD
January 17, 2007 BSD

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UTMP(5) 						      BSD File Formats Manual							   UTMP(5)

NAME
utmp, wtmp, lastlog -- login records (DEPRECATED) SYNOPSIS
#include <utmp.h> DESCRIPTION
The interfaces in file <utmp.h> are all DEPRECATED and are only provided for compatibility with previous releases of Mac OS X. See pututxline(3) and utmpx(5) for the supported interfaces. <utmp.h> declares the structures used to record information about current users in the file utmp, logins and logouts in the file wtmp, and last logins in the file lastlog. The time stamps of date changes, shutdowns and reboots are also logged in the wtmp file. These files can grow rapidly on busy systems, daily or weekly rotation is recommended. If any of these files do not exist, it is not cre- ated. These files must be created manually and are normally maintained in either the script /etc/daily or the script /etc/weekly. (See cron(8).) #define _PATH_UTMP "/var/run/utmp" #define _PATH_WTMP "/var/log/wtmp" #define _PATH_LASTLOG "/var/log/lastlog" #define UT_NAMESIZE 8 #define UT_LINESIZE 8 #define UT_HOSTSIZE 16 struct lastlog { time_t ll_time; char ll_line[UT_LINESIZE]; char ll_host[UT_HOSTSIZE]; }; struct utmp { char ut_line[UT_LINESIZE]; char ut_name[UT_NAMESIZE]; char ut_host[UT_HOSTSIZE]; time_t ut_time; }; Each time a user logs in, the login program looks up the user's UID in the file lastlog. If it is found, the timestamp of the last time the user logged in, the terminal line and the hostname are written to the standard output. (Providing the login is not quiet, see login(1).) The login program then records the new login time in the file lastlog. After the new lastlog record is written , the file utmp is opened and the utmp record for the user inserted. This record remains there until the user logs out at which time it is deleted. The utmp file is used by the programs rwho(1), users(1), w(1), and who(1). Next, the login program opens the file wtmp, and appends the user's utmp record. The same utmp record, with an updated time stamp is later appended to the file when the user logs out. (See launchd(8).) The wtmp file is used by the programs last(1) and ac(8). In the event of a date change, a shutdown or reboot, the following items are logged in the wtmp file. reboot shutdown A system reboot or shutdown has been initiated. The character '~' is placed in the field ut_line, and reboot or shutdown in the field ut_name. (See shutdown(8) and reboot(8).) date The system time has been manually or automatically updated. (See date(1).) The command name date is recorded in the field ut_name. In the field ut_line, the character '|' indicates the time prior to the change, and the character '{' indicates the new time. FILES
(These files no longer exist in 10.5 or later.) /var/run/utmp The utmp file. /var/log/wtmp The wtmp file. /var/log/lastlog The lastlog file. SEE ALSO
last(1), login(1), who(1), ac(8), launchd(8) HISTORY
A utmp and wtmp file format appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. The lastlog file format appeared in 3.0BSD. 4th Berkeley Distribution March 17, 1994 4th Berkeley Distribution

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