Linux 2.6 - man page for shutdown (linux section 8)
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shutdown - bring the system down
shutdown [OPTION]... TIME [MESSAGE]
shutdown arranges for the system to be brought down in a safe way. All logged-in users
are notified that the system is going down and, within the last five minutes of TIME, new
logins are prevented.
TIME may have different formats, the most common is simply the word 'now' which will bring
the system down immediately. Other valid formats are +m, where m is the number of minutes
to wait until shutting down and hh:mm which specifies the time on the 24hr clock.
Once TIME has elapsed, shutdown sends a request to the init(8) daemon to bring the system
down into the appropriate runlevel.
This is performed by emitting the runlevel(7) event, which includes the new runlevel in
the RUNLEVEL environment variable as well as the previous runlevel (obtained from the
environment or from /var/run/utmp) in the PREVLEVEL variable. An additional INIT_HALT
variable may be set, this will contain the value HALT when bringing the system down for
halt and POWEROFF when bringing the system down for power off.
-r Requests that the system be rebooted after it has been brought down.
-h Requests that the system be either halted or powered off after it has been brought
down, with the choice as to which left up to the system.
-H Requests that the system be halted after it has been brought down.
-P Requests that the system be powered off after it has been brought down.
-c Cancels a running shutdown. TIME is not specified with this option, the first
argument is MESSAGE.
-k Only send out the warning messages and disable logins, do not actually bring the
shutdown will read the current runlevel from this environment variable if set in
preference to reading from /var/run/utmp
Where the current runlevel will be read from; this file will also be updated with
the new runlevel.
A new runlevel record will be appended to this file for the new runlevel.
The Upstart init(8) daemon does not keep track of runlevels itself, instead they are
implemented entirely by its userspace tools.
See runlevel(7) for more details.
Written by Scott James Remnant <email@example.com>
Report bugs at <https://launchpad.net/upstart/+bugs>
Copyright (C) 2009 Canonical Ltd.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not
even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
runlevel(7) init(8) telinit(8) reboot(8)
Upstart 2009-07-09 shutdown(8)
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