Linux 2.6 - man page for pam_filter (linux section 8)
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PAM_FILTER(8) Linux-PAM Manual PAM_FILTER(8)
pam_filter - PAM filter module
pam_filter.so [debug] [new_term] [non_term] run1|run2 filter [...]
This module is intended to be a platform for providing access to all of the input/output
that passes between the user and the application. It is only suitable for tty-based and
To function this module requires filters to be installed on the system. The single filter
provided with the module simply transposes upper and lower case letters in the input and
output streams. (This can be very annoying and is not kind to termcap based editors).
Each component of the module has the potential to invoke the desired filter. The filter is
always execv(2) with the privilege of the calling application and not that of the user.
For this reason it cannot usually be killed by the user without closing their session.
Print debug information.
The default action of the filter is to set the PAM_TTY item to indicate the terminal
that the user is using to connect to the application. This argument indicates that the
filter should set PAM_TTY to the filtered pseudo-terminal.
don't try to set the PAM_TTY item.
In order that the module can invoke a filter it should know when to invoke it. This
argument is required to tell the filter when to do this.
Permitted values for X are 1 and 2. These indicate the precise time that the filter is
to be run. To understand this concept it will be useful to have read the pam(3) manual
page. Basically, for each management group there are up to two ways of calling the
module's functions. In the case of the authentication and session components there are
actually two separate functions. For the case of authentication, these functions are
pam_authenticate(3) and pam_setcred(3), here run1 means run the filter from the
pam_authenticate function and run2 means run the filter from pam_setcred. In the case
of the session modules, run1 implies that the filter is invoked at the
pam_open_session(3) stage, and run2 for pam_close_session(3).
For the case of the account component. Either run1 or run2 may be used.
For the case of the password component, run1 is used to indicate that the filter is
run on the first occasion of pam_chauthtok(3) (the PAM_PRELIM_CHECK phase) and run2 is
used to indicate that the filter is run on the second occasion (the PAM_UPDATE_AUTHTOK
The full pathname of the filter to be run and any command line arguments that the
filter might expect.
MODULE TYPES PROVIDED
All module types (auth, account, password and session) are provided.
The new filter was set successfully.
Critical error, immediate abort.
Add the following line to /etc/pam.d/login to see how to configure login to transpose
upper and lower case letters once the user has logged in:
session required pam_filter.so run1 /lib/security/pam_filter/upperLOWER
pam.conf(5), pam.d(5), pam(7)
pam_filter was written by Andrew G. Morgan <email@example.com>.
Linux-PAM Manual 06/04/2011 PAM_FILTER(8)
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