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Linux 2.6 - man page for listxattr (linux section 2)

LISTXATTR(2)			    Linux Programmer's Manual			     LISTXATTR(2)

       listxattr, llistxattr, flistxattr - list extended attribute names

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <attr/xattr.h>

       ssize_t listxattr(const char *path, char *list, size_t size);
       ssize_t llistxattr(const char *path, char *list, size_t size);
       ssize_t flistxattr(int fd, char *list, size_t size);

       Extended  attributes are name:value pairs associated with inodes (files, directories, sym-
       bolic links, etc.).  They are extensions to the normal  attributes  which  are  associated
       with  all  inodes in the system (i.e., the stat(2) data).  A complete overview of extended
       attributes concepts can be found in attr(5).

       listxattr() retrieves the list of extended attribute names associated with the given  path
       in  the filesystem.  The retrieved list is placed in list, a caller-allocated buffer whose
       size (in bytes) is specified in the argument size.  The list is the  set  of  (null-termi-
       nated)  names,  one  after  the	other.	Names of extended attributes to which the calling
       process does not have access may be omitted from the list.  The length  of  the	attribute
       name list is returned.

       llistxattr() is identical to listxattr(), except in the case of a symbolic link, where the
       list of names of extended attributes associated with the link itself is retrieved, not the
       file that it refers to.

       flistxattr()  is  identical  to	listxattr(),  only  the  open  file referred to by fd (as
       returned by open(2)) is interrogated in place of path.

       A single extended attribute name is a simple null-terminated string.  The name includes	a
       namespace  prefix; there may be several, disjoint namespaces associated with an individual

       An empty buffer of size zero can be passed into these calls to return the current size  of
       the  list  of extended attribute names, which can be used to estimate the size of a buffer
       which is sufficiently large to hold the list of names.

       The list of names is returned as an unordered array of null-terminated  character  strings
       (attribute names are separated by null bytes ('\0')), like this:


       Filesystems  like ext2, ext3 and XFS which implement POSIX ACLs using extended attributes,
       might return a list like this:


       On success, a nonnegative number is returned indicating the size of the extended attribute
       name list.  On failure, -1 is returned and errno is set appropriately.

	      Extended attributes are not supported by the filesystem, or are disabled.

       ERANGE The size of the list buffer is too small to hold the result.

       In addition, the errors documented in stat(2) can also occur.

       These  system  calls  have been available on Linux since kernel 2.4; glibc support is pro-
       vided since version 2.3.

       These system calls are Linux-specific.

       getfattr(1), setfattr(1),  getxattr(2),	open(2),  removexattr(2),  setxattr(2),  stat(2),
       attr(5), symlink(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project,    and	  information	 about	  reporting    bugs,	can    be    found     at

Linux					    2013-04-09				     LISTXATTR(2)

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