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PGREP(1)			       Linux User's Manual				 PGREP(1)

NAME
       pgrep, pkill - look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes

SYNOPSIS
       pgrep [-cflvx] [-d delimiter] [-n|-o] [-P ppid,...] [-g pgrp,...] [-s sid,...]
       [-u euid,...] [-U uid,...] [-G gid,...] [-t term,...] [pattern]

       pkill [-signal] [-fvx] [-n|-o] [-P ppid,...] [-g pgrp,...] [-s sid,...] [-u euid,...]
	      [-U uid,...] [-G gid,...] [-t term,...] [pattern]

DESCRIPTION
       pgrep looks through the currently running processes and lists the process IDs which
       matches the selection criteria to stdout.  All the criteria have to match.  For example,

	      $ pgrep -u root sshd

       will only list the processes called sshd AND owned by root.  On the other hand,

	      $ pgrep -u root,daemon

       will list the processes owned by root OR daemon.

       pkill will send the specified signal (by default SIGTERM) to each process instead of list-
       ing them on stdout.

OPTIONS
       -c     Suppress normal output; instead print a count of matching processes.

       -d delimiter
	      Sets the string used to delimit each process ID in the output (by default a new-
	      line).  (pgrep only.)

       -f     The pattern is normally only matched against the process name.  When -f is set, the
	      full command line is used.

       -g pgrp,...
	      Only match processes in the process group IDs listed.  Process group 0 is trans-
	      lated into pgrep's or pkill's own process group.

       -G gid,...
	      Only match processes whose real group ID is listed.  Either the numerical or sym-
	      bolical value may be used.

       -l     List the process name as well as the process ID. (pgrep only.)

       -n     Select only the newest (most recently started) of the matching processes.

       -o     Select only the oldest (least recently started) of the matching processes.

       -P ppid,...
	      Only match processes whose parent process ID is listed.

       -s sid,...
	      Only match processes whose process session ID is listed.	Session ID 0 is trans-
	      lated into pgrep's or pkill's own session ID.

       -t term,...
	      Only match processes whose controlling terminal is listed.  The terminal name
	      should be specified without the "/dev/" prefix.

       -u euid,...
	      Only match processes whose effective user ID is listed.  Either the numerical or
	      symbolical value may be used.

       -U uid,...
	      Only match processes whose real user ID is listed.  Either the numerical or symbol-
	      ical value may be used.

       -v     Negates the matching.

       -x     Only match processes whose name (or command line if -f is specified) exactly match
	      the pattern.

       -signal
	      Defines the signal to send to each matched process.  Either the numeric or the sym-
	      bolic signal name can be used.  (pkill only.)

OPERANDS
       pattern
	      Specifies an Extended Regular Expression for matching against the process names or
	      command lines.

EXAMPLES
       Example 1: Find the process ID of the named daemon:

	      $ pgrep -u root named

       Example 2: Make syslog reread its configuration file:

	      $ pkill -HUP syslogd

       Example 3: Give detailed information on all xterm processes:

	      $ ps -fp $(pgrep -d, -x xterm)

       Example 4: Make all netscape processes run nicer:

	      $ renice +4 `pgrep netscape`

EXIT STATUS
       0      One or more processes matched the criteria.
       1      No processes matched.
       2      Syntax error in the command line.
       3      Fatal error: out of memory etc.

NOTES
       The process name used for matching is limited to the 15 characters present in the output
       of /proc/pid/stat.  Use the -f option to match against the complete command line,
       /proc/pid/cmdline.

       The running pgrep or pkill process will never report itself as a match.

BUGS
       The options -n and -o and -v can not be combined.  Let me know if you need to do this.

       Defunct processes are reported.

SEE ALSO
       ps(1), regex(7), signal(7), killall(1), skill(1), kill(1), kill(2)

STANDARDS
       pkill and pgrep were introduced in Sun's Solaris 7.  This implementation is fully compati-
       ble.

AUTHOR
       Kjetil Torgrim Homme <kjetilho@ifi.uio.no>

       Albert Cahalan <albert@users.sf.net> is the current maintainer of the procps package.

       Please send bug reports to <procps-feedback@lists.sf.net>

Linux					 October 5, 2007				 PGREP(1)
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