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Linux 2.6 - man page for ln (linux section 1)

LN(1)					  User Commands 				    LN(1)

NAME
       ln - make links between files

SYNOPSIS
       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET		      (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)

DESCRIPTION
       In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.  In the 2nd form, create
       a link to TARGET in the current directory.  In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each
       TARGET  in DIRECTORY.  Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic.  When
       creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.  Symbolic links can hold arbitrary	text;  if
       later resolved, a relative link is interpreted in relation to its parent directory.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       --backup[=CONTROL]
	      make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
	      allow  the  superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail
	      due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)

       -f, --force
	      remove existing destination files

       -i, --interactive
	      prompt whether to remove destinations

       -L, --logical
	      make hard links to symbolic link references

       -n, --no-dereference
	      treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal file

       -P, --physical
	      make hard links directly to symbolic links

       -s, --symbolic
	      make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
	      override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
	      specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
	      treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

       -v, --verbose
	      print name of each linked file

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
	      output version information and exit

       The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.   The  version
       control	method	may  be  selected  via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL
       environment variable.  Here are the values:

       Using -s ignores -L and -P.  Otherwise, the last option specified controls  behavior  when
       the source is a symbolic link, defaulting to -P.

       none, off
	      never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
	      make numbered backups

       existing, nil
	      numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
	      always make simple backups

AUTHOR
       Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report ln bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
       Report ln translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2010  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO	WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       link(2), symlink(2)

       The  full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and ln pro-
       grams are properly installed at your site, the command

	      info coreutils 'ln invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.5			  February 2011 				    LN(1)


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