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getpass(3) [freebsd man page]

GETPASS(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						GETPASS(3)

getpass -- get a password LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <pwd.h> #include <unistd.h> char * getpass(const char *prompt); DESCRIPTION
The getpass() function displays a prompt to, and reads in a password from, /dev/tty. If this file is not accessible, getpass() displays the prompt on the standard error output and reads from the standard input. The password may be up to _PASSWORD_LEN (currently 128) characters in length. Any additional characters and the terminating newline charac- ter are discarded. The getpass() function turns off character echoing while reading the password. RETURN VALUES
The getpass() function returns a pointer to the null terminated password. FILES
/dev/tty SEE ALSO
crypt(3), readpassphrase(3) HISTORY
A getpass() function appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX. BUGS
The getpass() function leaves its result in an internal static object and returns a pointer to that object. Subsequent calls to getpass() will modify the same object. The calling process should zero the password as soon as possible to avoid leaving the cleartext password visible in the process's address space. Upon receipt of a SIGTSTP, the input buffer will be flushed, so any partially typed password must be retyped when the process continues. BSD
June 4, 1993 BSD

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GETPASS(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							GETPASS(3)

getpass - get a password SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> char *getpass( const char *prompt); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): getpass(): Since glibc 2.2.2: _BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED) && !(_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600) Before glibc 2.2.2: none DESCRIPTION
This function is obsolete. Do not use it. The getpass() function opens /dev/tty (the controlling terminal of the process), outputs the string prompt, turns off echoing, reads one line (the "password"), restores the terminal state and closes /dev/tty again. RETURN VALUE
The function getpass() returns a pointer to a static buffer containing (the first PASS_MAX bytes of) the password without the trailing new- line, terminated by a null byte (''). This buffer may be overwritten by a following call. On error, the terminal state is restored, errno is set appropriately, and NULL is returned. ERRORS
The function may fail if ENXIO The process does not have a controlling terminal. FILES
Present in SUSv2, but marked LEGACY. Removed in POSIX.1-2001. NOTES
For libc4 and libc5, the prompt is not written to /dev/tty but to stderr. Moreover, if /dev/tty cannot be opened, the password is read from stdin. The static buffer has length 128 so that only the first 127 bytes of the password are returned. While reading the password, signal generation (SIGINT, SIGQUIT, SIGSTOP, SIGTSTP) is disabled and the corresponding characters (usually control-C, control-, control-Z and control-Y) are transmitted as part of the password. Since libc 5.4.19 also line editing is disabled, so that also backspace and the like will be seen as part of the password. For glibc2, if /dev/tty cannot be opened, the prompt is written to stderr and the password is read from stdin. There is no limit on the length of the password. Line editing is not disabled. According to the SUSv2, the value of PASS_MAX must be defined in <limits.h> in case it is smaller than 8, and can in any case be obtained using sysconf(_SC_PASS_MAX). However, POSIX.2 withdraws the constants PASS_MAX and _SC_PASS_MAX, and the function getpass(). Libc4 and libc5 have never supported PASS_MAX or _SC_PASS_MAX. Glibc2 accepts _SC_PASS_MAX and returns BUFSIZ (e.g., 8192). BUGS
The calling process should zero the password as soon as possible to avoid leaving the cleartext password visible in the process's address space. SEE ALSO
crypt(3) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.27 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at Linux 2010-09-20 GETPASS(3)
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