Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

semodule(8) [centos man page]

SEMODULE(8)								NSA							       SEMODULE(8)

semodule - Manage SELinux policy modules. SYNOPSIS
semodule [options]... MODE [MODES]... DESCRIPTION
semodule is the tool used to manage SELinux policy modules, including installing, upgrading, listing and removing modules. semodule may also be used to force a rebuild of policy from the module store and/or to force a reload of policy without performing any other transac- tion. semodule acts on module packages created by semodule_package. Conventionally, these files have a .pp suffix (policy package), although this is not mandated in any way. OPTIONS
-R, --reload force a reload of policy -B, --build force a rebuild of policy (also reloads unless -n is used) -D, --disable_dontaudit Temporarily remove dontaudits from policy. Reverts whenever policy is rebuilt -i,--install=MODULE_PKG install/replace a module package -u,--upgrade=MODULE_PKG upgrade an existing module package, or install if the module does not exist -b,--base=MODULE_PKG install/replace base module package -d,--disable=MODULE_NAME disable existing module -e,--enable=MODULE_NAME enable existing module -p,--path=ROOTPATH use an alternate root path -r,--remove=MODULE_NAME remove existing module -l,--list-modules display list of installed modules (other than base) -s,--store name of the store to operate on -n,--noreload,-N do not reload policy after commit -h,--help prints help message and quit -P,--preserve_tunables Preserve tunables in policy -v,--verbose be verbose EXAMPLE
# Install or replace a base policy package. $ semodule -b base.pp # Install or replace a non-base policy package. $ semodule -i httpd.pp # List non-base modules. $ semodule -l # Turn on all AVC Messages for which SELinux currently is "dontaudit"ing. $ semodule -DB # Turn "dontaudit" rules back on. $ semodule -B # Install or replace all non-base modules in the current directory. $ semodule -i *.pp # Install or replace all modules in the current directory. $ ls *.pp | grep -Ev "base.pp|enableaudit.pp" | xargs /usr/sbin/semodule -b base.pp -i SEE ALSO
checkmodule(8), semodule_package(8) AUTHORS
This manual page was written by Dan Walsh <>. The program was written by Karl MacMillan <>, Joshua Brindle <>, Jason Tang <> Security Enhanced Linux Nov 2005 SEMODULE(8)

Check Out this Related Man Page

AUDIT2ALLOW(1)								NSA							    AUDIT2ALLOW(1)

audit2allow - generate SELinux policy allow/dontaudit rules from logs of denied operations audit2why - translates SELinux audit messages into a description of why the access was denied (audit2allow -w) SYNOPSIS
audit2allow [options] OPTIONS
-a | --all Read input from audit and message log, conflicts with -i -b | --boot Read input from audit messages since last boot conflicts with -i -d | --dmesg Read input from output of /bin/dmesg. Note that all audit messages are not available via dmesg when auditd is running; use "ause- arch -m avc | audit2allow" or "-a" instead. -D | --dontaudit Generate dontaudit rules (Default: allow) -h | --help Print a short usage message -i <inputfile> | --input <inputfile> read input from <inputfile> -l | --lastreload read input only after last policy reload -m <modulename> | --module <modulename> Generate module/require output <modulename> -M <modulename> Generate loadable module package, conflicts with -o -p <policyfile> | --policy <policyfile> Policy file to use for analysis -o <outputfile> | --output <outputfile> append output to <outputfile> -r | --requires Generate require output syntax for loadable modules. -N | --noreference Do not generate reference policy, traditional style allow rules. This is the default behavior. -R | --reference Generate reference policy using installed macros. This attempts to match denials against interfaces and may be inaccurate. -w | --why Translates SELinux audit messages into a description of why the access was denied -v | --verbose Turn on verbose output DESCRIPTION
This utility scans the logs for messages logged when the system denied permission for operations, and generates a snippet of policy rules which, if loaded into policy, might have allowed those operations to succeed. However, this utility only generates Type Enforcement (TE) allow rules. Certain permission denials may require other kinds of policy changes, e.g. adding an attribute to a type declaration to sat- isfy an existing constraint, adding a role allow rule, or modifying a constraint. The audit2why(8) utility may be used to diagnose the reason when it is unclear. Care must be exercised while acting on the output of this utility to ensure that the operations being permitted do not pose a security threat. Often it is better to define new domains and/or types, or make other structural changes to narrowly allow an optimal set of opera- tions to succeed, as opposed to blindly implementing the sometimes broad changes recommended by this utility. Certain permission denials are not fatal to the application, in which case it may be preferable to simply suppress logging of the denial via a 'dontaudit' rule rather than an 'allow' rule. EXAMPLE
NOTE: These examples are for systems using the audit package. If you do not use the audit package, the AVC messages will be in /var/log/messages. Please substitute /var/log/messages for /var/log/audit/audit.log in the examples. Using audit2allow to generate module policy $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow -m local > local.te $ cat local.te module local 1.0; require { class file { getattr open read }; type myapp_t; type etc_t; }; allow myapp_t etc_t:file { getattr open read }; <review local.te and customize as desired> Using audit2allow to generate module policy using reference policy $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow -R -m local > local.te $ cat local.te policy_module(local, 1.0) gen_require(` type myapp_t; type etc_t; }; files_read_etc_files(myapp_t) <review local.te and customize as desired> Building module policy using Makefile # SELinux provides a policy devel environment under /usr/share/selinux/devel # You can create a te file and compile it by executing $ make -f /usr/share/selinux/devel/Makefile $ semodule -i local.pp Building module policy manually # Compile the module $ checkmodule -M -m -o local.mod local.te # Create the package $ semodule_package -o local.pp -m local.mod # Load the module into the kernel $ semodule -i local.pp Using audit2allow to generate and build module policy $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow -M local Generating type enforcment file: local.te Compiling policy: checkmodule -M -m -o local.mod local.te Building package: semodule_package -o local.pp -m local.mod ******************** IMPORTANT *********************** In order to load this newly created policy package into the kernel, you are required to execute semodule -i local.pp Using audit2allow to generate monolithic (non-module) policy $ cd /etc/selinux/$SELINUXTYPE/src/policy $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow >> domains/misc/local.te $ cat domains/misc/local.te allow cupsd_config_t unconfined_t:fifo_file { getattr ioctl }; <review domains/misc/local.te and customize as desired> $ make load AUTHOR
This manual page was written by Manoj Srivastava <>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system. It was updated by Dan Walsh <> The audit2allow utility has contributions from several people, including Justin R. Smith and Yuichi Nakamura. and Dan Walsh Security Enhanced Linux October 2010 AUDIT2ALLOW(1)
Man Page