MINCORE(2) Linux Programmer's Manual MINCORE(2)
mincore - determine whether pages are resident in memory
int mincore(void *addr, size_t length, unsigned char *vec);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
mincore(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
mincore() returns a vector that indicates whether pages of the calling process's virtual
memory are resident in core (RAM), and so will not cause a disk access (page fault) if
referenced. The kernel returns residency information about the pages starting at the
address addr, and continuing for length bytes.
The addr argument must be a multiple of the system page size. The length argument need
not be a multiple of the page size, but since residency information is returned for whole
pages, length is effectively rounded up to the next multiple of the page size. One may
obtain the page size (PAGE_SIZE) using sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE).
The vec argument must point to an array containing at least (length+PAGE_SIZE-1) /
PAGE_SIZE bytes. On return, the least significant bit of each byte will be set if the
corresponding page is currently resident in memory, and be clear otherwise. (The settings
of the other bits in each byte are undefined; these bits are reserved for possible later
use.) Of course the information returned in vec is only a snapshot: pages that are not
locked in memory can come and go at any moment, and the contents of vec may already be
stale by the time this call returns.
On success, mincore() returns zero. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropri-
EAGAIN kernel is temporarily out of resources.
EFAULT vec points to an invalid address.
EINVAL addr is not a multiple of the page size.
ENOMEM length is greater than (TASK_SIZE - addr). (This could occur if a negative value
is specified for length, since that value will be interpreted as a large unsigned
integer.) In Linux 2.6.11 and earlier, the error EINVAL was returned for this con-
ENOMEM addr to addr + length contained unmapped memory.
Available since Linux 2.3.99pre1 and glibc 2.2.
mincore() is not specified in POSIX.1-2001, and it is not available on all UNIX implemen-
Before kernel 2.6.21, mincore() did not return correct information for MAP_PRIVATE map-
pings, or for nonlinear mappings (established using remap_file_pages(2)).
This page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the
project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at
Linux 2008-04-22 MINCORE(2)