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PDFTEX(1)				    Web2C 2012					PDFTEX(1)

NAME
       pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX

SYNOPSIS
       pdftex [options] [&format] [file|\commands]

DESCRIPTION
       Run the pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the file argument has no
       extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead of a filename, a set of pdfTeX commands
       can  be	given,	the  first of which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument
       pdfTeX uses a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it  is  usu-
       ally better to use the -fmt format option instead.

       pdfTeX  is  a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can create PDF files as well
       as DVI files.

       In DVI mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX engine.

       The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF	output	has  been
       enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the plain TeX format, and the pdflatex
       command uses the equivalent of the LaTeX  format.   To  generate  formats,  use	the  -ini
       switch.

       The  pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX's analogues to the initex and virtex com-
       mands.  In this installation, if the links exist, they are symbolic links  to  the  pdftex
       executable.

       In  PDF	mode,  pdfTeX  can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG graphics formats.
       pdfTeX cannot include PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS)  graphics  files;  first
       convert them to PDF using epstopdf(1).  pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is
       similar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.

OPTIONS
       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

       -draftmode
	      Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write a PDF	and  doesn't  read  any  included
	      images, thus speeding up execution.

       -enc   Enable  the  encTeX  extensions.	This option is only effective in combination with
	      -ini.  For documentation of the  encTeX  extensions  see	http://www.olsak.net/enc-
	      tex.html.

       -etex  Enable  the  e-TeX  extensions.	This option is only effective in combination with
	      -ini.  See etex(1).

       -file-line-error
	      Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is similar to the	way  many
	      compilers format them.

       -no-file-line-error
	      Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

       -file-line-error-style
	      This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

       -fmt format
	      Use  format as the name of the format to be used, instead of the name by which pdf-
	      TeX was called or a %& line.

       -halt-on-error
	      Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during processing.

       -help  Print help message and exit.

       -ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode  can  be	used  for
	      typesetting,  but  no  format  is preloaded, and basic initializations like setting
	      catcodes may be required.

       -interaction mode
	      Sets the	interaction  mode.   The  mode	can  be  either  batchmode,  nonstopmode,
	      scrollmode,  and	errorstopmode.	The meaning of these modes is the same as that of
	      the corresponding \commands.

       -ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output file.  Whether  this
	      option is available is the choice of the installer.

       -ipc-start
	      As  -ipc,  and  starts the server at the other end as well.  Whether this option is
	      available is the choice of the installer.

       -jobname name
	      Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name of the input file.

       -kpathsea-debug bitmask
	      Sets path searching debugging flags according to the  bitmask.   See  the  Kpathsea
	      manual for details.

       -mktex fmt
	      Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.	Only effective in combination with -ini.

       -no-mktex fmt
	      Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -output-comment string
	      In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date.  This option
	      is ignored in PDF mode.

       -output-directory directory
	      Write output files in directory instead of the current directory.   Look	up  input
	      files in directory first, the along the normal search path.

       -output-format format
	      Set  the	output	format	mode,  where format must be either pdf or dvi.	This also
	      influences the set of graphics formats understood by pdfTeX.

       -parse-first-line
	      If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it to look for a dump
	      name or a -translate-file option.

       -no-parse-first-line
	      Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

       -progname name
	      Pretend  to  be  program	name.	This  affects both the format used and the search
	      paths.

       -recorder
	      Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files  opened  for  input
	      and output in a file with extension .fls.

       -shell-escape
	      Enable  the  \write18{command}  construct.   The	command can be any shell command.
	      This construct is normally disallowed for security reasons.

       -no-shell-escape
	      Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it is  enabled  in  the	texmf.cnf
	      file.

       -src-specials
	      In  DVI  mode, insert source specials into the DVI file.	This option is ignored in
	      PDF mode.

       -src-specials where
	      In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI file.  where is	a
	      comma-separated  value  list:  cr, display, hbox, math, par, parent, or vbox.  This
	      option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -translate-file tcxname
	      Use the tcxname translation table to set the mapping of input  characters  and  re-
	      mapping of output characters.

       -default-translate-file tcxname
	      Like -translate-file except that a %& line can overrule this setting.

       -version
	      Print version information and exit.

ENVIRONMENT
       See  the  Kpathsearch  library  documentation (the `Path specifications' node) for precise
       details of how the environment variables are used.  The kpsewhich utility can be  used  to
       query the values of the variables.

       One  caveat:  In  most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you give directly to
       pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is expanded, not taken as part of  the
       filename.  Other programs, such as Metafont, do not have this problem.

       TEXMFOUTPUT
	      Normally,  pdfTeX  puts  its  output files in the current directory.  If any output
	      file cannot be opened there, it tries to open it in the directory specified in  the
	      environment  variable  TEXMFOUTPUT.   There  is no default value for that variable.
	      For example, if you say pdftex paper and the current directory is not writable  and
	      TEXMFOUTPUT  has	the  value  /tmp,  pdfTeX  attempts to create /tmp/paper.log (and
	      /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is produced.)  TEXMFOUTPUT is also checked for  input
	      files,  as  TeX often generates files that need to be subsequently read; for input,
	      no suffixes (such as ``.tex'') are added by  default,  the  input  name  is  simply
	      checked as given.

       TEXINPUTS
	      Search  path  for  \input and \openin files.  This should start with ``.'', so that
	      user files are found before system files.  An empty path component will be replaced
	      with  the  paths	defined  in  the  texmf.cnf  file.  For example, set TEXINPUTS to
	      ".:/home/user/tex:" to prepend the current directory and ``/home/user/tex'' to  the
	      standard search path.

       TEXFORMATS
	      Search path for format files.

       TEXPOOL
	      search path for pdftex internal strings.

       TEXEDIT
	      Command  template  for  switching  to editor.  The default, usually vi, is set when
	      pdfTeX is compiled.

       TFMFONTS
	      Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

FILES
       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.	Use the kpsewhich
       utility to find their locations.

       pdftex.pool
	      Text file containing pdfTeX's internal strings.

       pdftex.map
	      Filename mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.

NOTES
       Starting  with version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions, and pdfeTeX is just
       a copy of pdfTeX.  See etex(1).	This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The com-
       plete  documentation  for this version of pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX manual and the
       info manual Web2C: A TeX implementation.

BUGS
       This version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.  In fact, many of these
       extensions  conflict  to  a  greater or lesser extent with the definition of pdfTeX.  When
       such extensions are enabled, the banner printed when pdfTeX starts  is  changed	to  print
       pdfTeXk instead of pdfTeX.

       This version of pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic overflow when dimensions are added or sub-
       tracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare, but when it does the generated DVI  file  will
       be invalid.  Whether a generated PDF file would be usable is unknown.

AVAILABILITY
       pdfTeX  is  available  for a large variety of machine architectures and operation systems.
       pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.

       Information  on	how  to  get  pdfTeX  and  related  information  is  available	 at   the
       http://www.pdftex.org pdfTeX web site.

       The  following pdfeTeX related mailing list is available: pdftex@tug.org.  This is a mail-
       man list; to subscribe send a message containing subscribe to  pdftex-request@tug.org.	A
       web  interface  and  list archives can be found at the http://lists.tug.org/pdftex mailing
       list web site.

SEE ALSO
       epstopdf(1),  etex(1),  latex(1),  mptopdf(1),  tex(1),	mf(1).	  http://tug.org/applica-
       tions/pdftex, http://tug.org/web2c.

AUTHORS
       The primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr Sojka, Jiri Zlatuska, and Peter Bre-
       itenlohner (eTeX).

       TeX was designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web  system  for  Pascal
       programs.   It  was  ported to Unix at Stanford by Howard Trickey, and at Cornell by Pavel
       Curtis.	The version now offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated  by  the
       Web to C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

       The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.

pdftex 1.40				   1 March 2011 				PDFTEX(1)
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