DVIPDFM(1) DVIPDFMx DVIPDFM(1)
dvipdfm - produce PDF files directly from DVI files
dvipdfm [options] file[.dvi]
In TeX Live, dvipdfm is another incarnation of dvipdfmx rather than a separate program.
Compatibility is attempted as best as possible. (The change was made due to duplicated
security and configuration issues arising repeatedly.) Please report problems with this
dvipdfm to the dvipdfmx maintainers at dvipdfmx (at) ktug.or.kr.
The program dvipdfm generates a PDF file from a DVI file. DVI files are the output format
produced by TeX. Output from groff can be converted to DVI format using grodvi.
The program dvipdfm recognizes several commonly used \special commands, which are exten-
sions to the DVI format. Specifically, it understands color specials, papersize specials,
tpic specials (which allow it to be used with pic), hypertex specials, and some PostScript
specials. These extensions allow documents to contain color, figures, and hyperlinks.
The program tries to mimic the behavior of dvips so that many macro packages produced for
use with dvips will work with dvipdfm. Dvipdfm understands its own specific \special com-
mands to allow access to PDF features such as annotations and bookmarks.
For issues related to bounding boxes (and hence image sizes), please see extractbb(1).
-c Ignore color \specials. The -c toggles a flag that disables color \special process-
ing. Unless changed in the configuration file, that flag is off, and color \specials
are interpreted normally. The -c option may be used to produce a black and white
document from a document containing color TeX \special commands.
-d Remove thumbnail images after including them. (See the -t option for more informa-
-e Toggle partial font embedding flag. If partial font embedding is off, embedded fonts
are fully embedded. The default, if not changed in the configuration file, is to
embed only those glyphs actually used in the document.
Set the name of the font map file to map_file. The format of the font map file is
documented in the Dvipdfm User's Manual.
-l Select landscape mode. In other words, exchange the x and y dimensions of the paper.
Magnify the input document by mag.
Generate PDF output file having the name name. By default, the name of the output
file is file.pdf.
Select the papersize by name (e.g., letter, legal, ledger, tabloid, a3, a4, or a5 )
Set resolution of bitmapped fonts to size dots per inch. Bitmapped fonts are gener-
ated by the Kpathsea library, which uses Metafont. Bitmapped fonts are included as
type 3 fonts in the PDF output file.
Select the pages of the DVI file to be converted. The page_specifications consists
of a comma separated list of page_ranges:
page_specifications := page_specification[,page_specifications]
page_specification := single_page|page_range
page_range := [first_page]-[last_page]
An empty first_page is implied to be the first page of the DVI file. An empty
last_page is treated as the last page of the DVI file.
includes pages 1, 3, and 5;
-s - includes all pages;
includes two copies of all pages in the DVI file; and
includes the first ten pages of the DVI file.
-t Search for thumbnail images of each page in the directory named by the TMPDIR envi-
ronment variable. The thumbnail images must be named in a specific format. They
must have the same base name as the DVI file and they must have the page number as
the extension to the file name. Dvipdfm does not generate the thumbnails itself, but
it is distributed with a wrapper program named dvipdft that does so.
-v Increase verbosity. Results of the -v option are cumulative (e.g., -vv ) increases
the verbosity by two increments.
Set the left margin to x_offset. The default left margin is 1.0in. The dimension
may be specified in any units understood by TeX (e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )
Set the top margin to y_offset. The default top margin is 1.0in. The dimension may
be specified in any units understood by TeX (e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )
Set the compression level to compression_level. Compressions levels range from 0 (no
compression) to 9 (maximum compression) and correspond to the values understood by
IMAGE BOUNDING BOXES
When including images with dvipdfm, their bounding boxes should be generated by running
ebb, or extractbb -m. The result will be in an .bb file.
When including images with dvipdfmx, their bounding boxes should be generated by running
extractbb. The result will be in an .xbb file; the xbb information is the same as for the
Dvipdfm uses the kpathsea library for locating the files that it opens. Hence, the envi-
ronment variables documented in the Kpathsea library documentation influence dvipdfm.
Dvipdfm also reads the following environment variables:
TMP The directory to search for thumbnail images of each page.
The precise location of the following files is determined by the Kpathsea library configu-
ration. The location may be determined by using kpsewhich, e.g.,
kpsewhich -progname=dvipdfm -format='other text files' config
The default font map file (this name may be changed in the config file).
TeX font metrics
*.vf TeX virtual font files
PostScript Type 1 font files
The Kpathsea library configuration file. The location of this file may be found by
dvipdft(1), tex(1), dvips(1), groff(1), grodvi(1), pic(1), extractbb(1), and the Kpathsea
library info documentation.
Mark A. Wicks. But for the version in TeX Live, all bugs and other reports should go to
the dvipdfmx maintainers at dvipdfmx (at) ktug.or.kr.
20120420 28 April 2011 DVIPDFM(1)