tmscp - DEC TMSCP magtape interface
NTMSCP 1 # TMSCP controllers
NTMS 1 # TMSCP drives
TMSCP_DEBUG NO # debugging code in in TMSCP drive (EXPENSIVE)
#Name Unit# Addr Vector Br Handler(s) # Comments
tms ? 174500 260 5 tmsintr # tmscp driver
tms ? 164334 0 5 tmsintr # alternate
major device number(s):
minor device encoding:
bit: |7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0|
C C X D D N U U
C = Controller # (max of 4 controllers)
D = Density
N = Norewind on close
U = Unit (drive) number (max of 4 drives per controller)
Tape controllers compatible with the DEC Tape Mass Storage Control Protocol (TMSCP) archi-
tecture such as the TU81 and the TK50 provide a standard tape drive interface as described
in mtio(4). The controller communicates with the host through a packet oriented protocol.
Consult the file <pdp/tmscp.h> for a detailed description of this protocol.
/dev/MAKEDEV script to create special files
/dev/MAKEDEV.local script to localize special files
The vector specified in /etc/dtab may be given as an explicit value in which case autocon-
fig(8) will attempt to allocate the specified vector. The vector may also be (if the sys-
tem is at revision level 100 or higher) given as 0 - in which case autoconfig(8) will
request the kernel to allocate the next available vector (beginning at 01000 and proceed-
ing downward) which autoconfig(8) will initialize.
Multiple drives on a single controller are supported. Multiple controllers are also sup-
Density selection is specified by bits 3 and 4 in the minor device number. A value of 0
requests the lowest density of a drive and a value of 3 the highest density. Values of 1
and 2 are essentially equivalent (because because TMSCP only defines values for three den-
sities) and request the middle density (for tri-density tape drives).
tms: !drives. Not enough drives were declared when the kernel was built. The NTMS param-
eter in the kernel config file needs to be increased by at least one.
tms%d stepN init failed: sa %x. Step N of the 4 step initialization sequence has failed.
tms%d: random intr. An unexpected interrupt was received. This is indicative of some
other device using the same interrupt vector as the TMSCP controller. The interrupt is
tms%d Ver %d Mod %d. The version and model number of the controller are displayed when
the controller is initialized. This is an information message and not an error.
tms%d: state %d. The controller state is not one of the 4 initialization states or the
RUN state. This indicates a serious problem in the driver and possibly the hardware.
tms%d: fatal error %x. The controller detected a ``fatal error'' in the status returned
to the host. The contents of the status register are displayed.
tms%d init fail. The controller failed to initialize. Indicative of a hardware problem.
tms%d,%d flush fail. The cache failed to flush during a close operation. Data loss is
possible in this case.
tms%d,%d: sa %x state %d. A fatal error. The controller will be reset in an attempt to
tms ioctl. An invalid internal ioctl function call has been made. This is a driver bug.
tms%d,%d inv end. An invalid end (completion) code has been detected. A drive has
returned 0 as the opcode originally issued. This is a hardware problem.
tms%d,%d bad rsp: %x. An unrecognized response has been received. This is a driver bug.
tms%d,%d cache lost The cache on the drive has been lost. Data loss is likely. Usually
due to a hardware problem.
The following error is produced when a TMSCP error log datagram is received:
tms%d,%d dgram fmt=%x evt=%x grp=%x flg=%x pos=%D.
Earlier versions of the driver consumed a noticeable amount of kernel D-space decoding and
pretty printing more detailed information. This has been removed in favor of a shorter
message. In the future an error log daemon will be written and the datagrams from the
MSCP and TMSCP drivers passed to it for analysis.
mt(1), tar(1), tp(1), mtio(4), tm(4), ts(4), ut(4), dmesg(8), dtab(5), autoconfig(8)
If any non-data error is encountered on non-raw tape, it refuses to do anything more until
On quad-density tape drives (the Kennedy 9662 for example) the middle density of 3200bpi
is not host selectable (it can be manually selected from the drive's front panel) because
TMSCP only defines 800, 1600 and 6250bpi.
3rd Berkeley Distribution December 22, 1995 TMSCP(4)