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setbuffer(3s) [bsd man page]

SETBUF(3S)																SETBUF(3S)

NAME
setbuf, setbuffer, setlinebuf - assign buffering to a stream SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> setbuf(stream, buf) FILE *stream; char *buf; setbuffer(stream, buf, size) FILE *stream; char *buf; int size; setlinebuf(stream) FILE *stream; DESCRIPTION
The three types of buffering available are unbuffered, block buffered, and line buffered. When an output stream is unbuffered, information appears on the destination file or terminal as soon as written; when it is block buffered many characters are saved up and written as a block; when it is line buffered characters are saved up until a newline is encountered or input is read from stdin. Fflush (see fclose(3S)) may be used to force the block out early. Normally all files are block buffered. A buffer is obtained from malloc(3) upon the first getc or putc(3S) on the file. If the standard stream stdout refers to a terminal it is line buffered. The standard stream stderr is always unbuffered. Setbuf is used after a stream has been opened but before it is read or written. The character array buf is used instead of an automati- cally allocated buffer. If buf is the constant pointer NULL, input/output will be completely unbuffered. A manifest constant BUFSIZ tells how big an array is needed: char buf[BUFSIZ]; Setbuffer, an alternate form of setbuf, is used after a stream has been opened but before it is read or written. The character array buf whose size is determined by the size argument is used instead of an automatically allocated buffer. If buf is the constant pointer NULL, input/output will be completely unbuffered. Setlinebuf is used to change stdout or stderr from block buffered or unbuffered to line buffered. Unlike setbuf and setbuffer it can be used at any time that the file descriptor is active. A file can be changed from unbuffered or line buffered to block buffered by using freopen (see fopen(3S)). A file can be changed from block buffered or line buffered to unbuffered by using freopen followed by setbuf with a buffer argument of NULL. SEE ALSO
fopen(3S), getc(3S), putc(3S), malloc(3), fclose(3S), puts(3S), printf(3S), fread(3S) BUGS
The standard error stream should be line buffered by default. The setbuffer and setlinebuf functions are not portable to non-4.2BSD versions of UNIX. On 4.2BSD and 4.3BSD systems, setbuf always uses a suboptimal buffer size and should be avoided. Setbuffer is not usually needed as the default file I/O buffer sizes are optimal. 4th Berkeley Distribution May 12, 1986 SETBUF(3S)

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setbuffer(3C)						   Standard C Library Functions 					     setbuffer(3C)

NAME
setbuffer, setlinebuf - assign buffering to a stream SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> void setbuffer(FILE *iop, char *abuf, size_t asize); int setlinebuf(FILE *iop); DESCRIPTION
The setbuffer() and setlinebuf() functions assign buffering to a stream. The three types of buffering available are unbuffered, block buffered, and line buffered. When an output stream is unbuffered, information appears on the destination file or terminal as soon as writ- ten; when it is block buffered, many characters are saved and written as a block; when it is line buffered, characters are saved until either a NEWLINE is encountered or input is read from stdin. The fflush(3C) function may be used to force the block out early. Normally all files are block buffered. A buffer is obtained from malloc(3C) upon the first getc(3C) or putc(3C) performed on the file. If the standard stream stdout refers to a terminal, it is line buffered. The standard stream stderr is unbuffered by default. The setbuffer() function can be used after a stream iop has been opened but before it is read or written. It uses the character array abuf whose size is determined by the asize argument instead of an automatically allocated buffer. If abuf is the null pointer, input/output will be completely unbuffered. A manifest constant BUFSIZ, defined in the <stdio.h> header, tells how large an array is needed: char buf[BUFSIZ]; The setlinebuf() function is used to change the buffering on a stream from block buffered or unbuffered to line buffered. Unlike set- buffer(), it can be used at any time that the stream iop is active. A stream can be changed from unbuffered or line buffered to block buffered by using freopen(3C). A stream can be changed from block buffered or line buffered to unbuffered by using freopen(3C) followed by setbuf(3C) with a buffer argument of NULL. RETURN VALUES
The setlinebuf() function returns no useful value. SEE ALSO
malloc(3C), fclose(3C), fopen(3C), fread(3C), getc(3C), printf(3C), putc(3C), puts(3C), setbuf(3C), setvbuf(3C) NOTES
A common source of error is allocating buffer space as an "automatic" variable in a code block, and then failing to close the stream in the same block. SunOS 5.11 13 May 1997 setbuffer(3C)

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