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sbrk(2) [bsd man page]

BRK(2)								System Calls Manual							    BRK(2)

NAME
brk, sbrk - change data segment size SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> char *brk(addr) char *addr; char *sbrk(incr) int incr; DESCRIPTION
Brk sets the system's idea of the lowest data segment location not used by the program (called the break) to addr (rounded up to the next multiple of the system's page size). Locations greater than addr and below the stack pointer are not in the address space and will thus cause a memory violation if accessed. In the alternate function sbrk, incr more bytes are added to the program's data space and a pointer to the start of the new area is returned. When a program begins execution via execve the break is set at the highest location defined by the program and data storage areas. Ordi- narily, therefore, only programs with growing data areas need to use sbrk. The getrlimit(2) system call may be used to determine the maximum permissible size of the data segment; it will not be possible to set the break beyond the rlim_max value returned from a call to getrlimit, e.g. "etext + rlp->rlim_max." (see end(3) for the definition of etext). RETURN VALUE
Zero is returned if the brk could be set; -1 if the program requests more memory than the system limit. Sbrk returns -1 if the break could not be set. ERRORS
Sbrk will fail and no additional memory will be allocated if one of the following are true: [ENOMEM] The limit, as set by setrlimit(2), was exceeded. [ENOMEM] The maximum possible size of a data segment (compiled into the system) was exceeded. [ENOMEM] Insufficient space existed in the swap area to support the expansion. SEE ALSO
execve(2), getrlimit(2), malloc(3), end(3) BUGS
Setting the break may fail due to a temporary lack of swap space. It is not possible to distinguish this from a failure caused by exceed- ing the maximum size of the data segment without consulting getrlimit. 4th Berkeley Distribution May 22, 1986 BRK(2)

Check Out this Related Man Page

brk(2)								System Calls Manual							    brk(2)

Name
       brk, sbrk - change data segment space allocation

Syntax
       #include <sys/types.h>

       char *brk(addr)
       char *addr;

       char *sbrk(incr)
       int incr;

Description
       The  system  call sets the system's idea of the lowest data segment location not used by the program (called the break) to addr (rounded up
       to the next multiple of the system's page size).  Locations greater than addr and below the stack pointer are not in the address space  and
       thus will cause a memory violation if accessed.

       In the alternate function incr more bytes are added to the program's data space and a pointer to the start of the new area is returned.

       When  a	program  begins  execution by the break is set at the highest location defined by the program and data storage areas.  Ordinarily,
       therefore, only programs with growing data areas need to use

       The system call may be used to determine the maximum permissible size of the data segment; it will not be possible to set the break  beyond
       the rlim_max value returned from a call to For example:
       0x10000000 + rlp -> rlim_max

Return Values
       Upon successful completion, the system call returns a value of 0 or -1 if the program requests more memory than the system limit.  The sys-
       tem call returns -1 if the break could not be set.

Restrictions
       Setting the break may fail due to a temporary lack of swap space.  It is not possible to distinguish this from a failure caused by  exceed-
       ing the maximum size of the data segment without consulting

Diagnostics
       The system call fails and no additionally memory is allocated if one of the following is true:

	      [ENOMEM]	   The limit, as set by was exceeded.

	      [ENOMEM]	   The maximum possible size a data segment (compiled into the system) was exceeded.

	      [ENOMEM]	   Insufficient space existed in the swap area to support the expansion.

See Also
       execve(2), getrlimit(2), setrlimit(2), ulimit(2)

								       RISC								    brk(2)
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