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BSD 2.11 - man page for getrlimit (bsd section 2)

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GETRLIMIT(2)									     GETRLIMIT(2)

       getrlimit, setrlimit - control maximum system resource consumption

       #include <sys/time.h>
       #include <sys/resource.h>

       getrlimit(resource, rlp)
       int resource;
       struct rlimit *rlp;

       setrlimit(resource, rlp)
       int resource;
       struct rlimit *rlp;

       Limits  on  the consumption of system resources by the current process and each process it
       creates may be obtained with the getrlimit call, and set with the setrlimit call.

       The resource parameter is one of the following:

       RLIMIT_CPU	the maximum amount of cpu time (in seconds) to be used by each process.

       RLIMIT_FSIZE	the largest size, in bytes, of any single file that may be created.

       RLIMIT_DATA	the maximum size, in bytes, of the  data  segment  for	a  process;  this
			defines  how  far  a program may extend its break with the sbrk(2) system

       RLIMIT_STACK	the maximum size, in bytes, of the stack  segment  for	a  process;  this
			defines  how far a program's stack segment may be extended.  Stack exten-
			sion is performed automatically by the system.

       RLIMIT_CORE	the largest size, in bytes, of a core file that may be created.

       RLIMIT_RSS	the maximum size, in bytes, to which a process's resident  set	size  may
			grow.	This imposes a limit on the amount of physical memory to be given
			to a process; if memory is tight, the system will prefer to  take  memory
			from processes that are exceeding their declared resident set size.

       A  resource  limit  is  specified  as a soft limit and a hard limit.  When a soft limit is
       exceeded a process may receive a signal (for example, if the cpu time is exceeded), but it
       will  be  allowed  to  continue execution until it reaches the hard limit (or modifies its
       resource limit).  The rlimit structure is used to specify the hard and soft  limits  on	a

	      struct rlimit {
		   int	rlim_cur; /* current (soft) limit */
		   int	rlim_max; /* hard limit */

       Only  the  super-user  may  raise the maximum limits.  Other users may only alter rlim_cur
       within the range from 0 to rlim_max or (irreversibly) lower rlim_max.

       An "infinite" value for a limit is defined as RLIM_INFINITY (0x7fffffff).

       Because this information is stored in the per-process information, this system  call  must
       be  executed  directly by the shell if it is to affect all future processes created by the
       shell; limit is thus a built-in command to csh(1).

       The system refuses to extend the data or stack space when the limits would be exceeded  in
       the  normal  way:  a  break call fails if the data space limit is reached.  When the stack
       limit is reached, the process receives a segmentation fault (SIGSEGV); if this  signal  is
       not caught by a handler using the signal stack, this signal will kill the process.

       A  file	I/O  operation	that  would  create  a file that is too large will cause a signal
       SIGXFSZ to be generated; this normally terminates the process, but may  be  caught.   When
       the soft cpu time limit is exceeded, a signal SIGXCPU is sent to the offending process.

       A  0  return  value  indicates that the call succeeded, changing or returning the resource
       limit.	A return value of -1 indicates that an error  occurred,  and  an  error  code  is
       stored in the global location errno.

       The possible errors are:

       [EFAULT]       The address specified for rlp is invalid.

       [EPERM]	 The limit specified to setrlimit would have
		      raised the maximum limit value, and the caller is not the super-user.

       csh(1), quota(2), sigvec(2), sigstack(2)

       There should be limit and unlimit commands in sh(1) as well as in csh.

4th Berkeley Distribution		   May 13, 1986 			     GETRLIMIT(2)
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