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mknod(2) [bsd man page]

MKNOD(2)							System Calls Manual							  MKNOD(2)

NAME
mknod - make a special file SYNOPSIS
mknod(path, mode, dev) char *path; int mode, dev; DESCRIPTION
Mknod creates a new file whose name is path. The mode of the new file (including special file bits) is initialized from mode. (The pro- tection part of the mode is modified by the process's mode mask (see umask(2))). The first block pointer of the i-node is initialized from dev and is used to specify which device the special file refers to. If mode indicates a block or character special file, dev is a configuration dependent specification of a character or block I/O device. If mode does not indicate a block special or character special device, dev is ignored. Mknod may be invoked only by the super-user. RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
Mknod will fail and the file mode will be unchanged if: [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [EINVAL] The pathname contains a character with the high-order bit set. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters. [ENOENT] A component of the path prefix does not exist. [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. [EPERM] The process's effective user ID is not super-user. [EPERM] The pathname contains a character with the high-order bit set. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry or allocating the inode. [ENOSPC] The directory in which the entry for the new node is being placed cannot be extended because there is no space left on the file system containing the directory. [ENOSPC] There are no free inodes on the file system on which the node is being created. [EDQUOT] The directory in which the entry for the new node is being placed cannot be extended because the user's quota of disk blocks on the file system containing the directory has been exhausted. [EDQUOT] The user's quota of inodes on the file system on which the node is being created has been exhausted. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. [EEXIST] The named file exists. [EFAULT] Path points outside the process's allocated address space. SEE ALSO
chmod(2), stat(2), umask(2) 4th Berkeley Distribution May 23, 1986 MKNOD(2)

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MKNOD(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							  MKNOD(2)

NAME
mknod -- make a special file node SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/stat.h> int mknod(const char *path, mode_t mode, dev_t dev); DESCRIPTION
The device special file path is created with the major and minor device numbers extracted from mode. The access permissions of path are con- strained by the umask(2) of the parent process. If mode indicates a block or character special file, dev is a configuration-dependent specification of a character or block I/O device and the superblock of the device. If mode does not indicate a block special or character special device, dev is ignored. Mknod() requires super-user privileges. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
Mknod() will fail and the file will be not created if: [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [EACCES] Write permission is denied for the parent directory. [EDQUOT] The directory in which the entry for the new node is being placed cannot be extended; the user's quota of disk blocks on the file system containing the directory has been exhausted. [EDQUOT] The user's quota of inodes for the file system on which the node is being created has been exhausted. [EEXIST] The named file exists. [EFAULT] Path points outside the process's allocated address space. [EINVAL] One or more of the arguments is invalid. [EIO] An I/O error occurs while making the directory entry or allocating the inode. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. This is taken to be indicative of a looping sym- bolic link. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeds {NAME_MAX} characters or an entire path name exceeds {PATH_MAX} characters. [ENOENT] A component of the path prefix does not exist or path is an empty string. [ENOSPC] The directory in which the entry for the new node is being placed cannot be extended, because there is no space left on the file system containing the directory. [ENOSPC] There are no free inodes on the file system on which the node is being created. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [EPERM] The process's effective user ID is not super-user. [EROFS] The created node would reside on a read-only file system. LEGACY SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> The include file has changed. SEE ALSO
chmod(2), stat(2), umask(2), compat(5) HISTORY
A mknod() function call appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. 4th Berkeley Distribution June 4, 1993 4th Berkeley Distribution

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