stty - set terminal options
stty [-a | -e] [-f file] [operands]
Stty sets certain I/O options on the current output terminal, placing its output on the
diagnostic output. With no argument, it reports the speed of the terminal and the set-
tings of the options which are different from their defaults.
The following options are available:
-a Display everything stty knows. This has the same effect as using the operand
all or everything. The distinction between all and everything has been removed.
-e Same a -a above.
-f Open and use the terminal named by file rather than using standard output. The
file is opened using the O_NONBLOCK flag of open(), making it possible to set or
display settings on a terminal that might otherwise block on the open.
The following operands are special:
all Everything stty knows about is printed.
everything Same as all above.
flushout Flush the queues for the device. This is most useful when an exiting process
is stuck waiting for terminal output to drain.
speed The terminal speed alone is printed on the standard output.
size The terminal (window) sizes are printed on the standard output, first rows and
Operands are selected from the following:
even allow even parity input
-even disallow even parity input
odd allow odd parity input
-odd disallow odd parity input
raw raw mode input (no input processing (erase, kill, interrupt, ...); parity bit
-raw negate raw mode
cooked same as `-raw'
cbreak make each character available to read(2) as received; no erase and kill process-
ing, but all other processing (interrupt, suspend, ...) is performed
-cbreak make characters available to read only when newline is received
-nl allow carriage return for new-line, and output CR-LF for carriage return or new-
nl accept only new-line to end lines
echo echo back every character typed
-echo do not echo characters
tandem enable inbound software (xon/xoff) flow control, so that the system sends out
the stop character when its internal queue is in danger of overflowing on input,
and sends the start character when it is ready to accept further input
-tandem disable inbound software (xon/xoff) flow control
-tabs replace tabs by spaces when printing
tabs preserve tabs
For the following commands which take a character argument c, you may also specify c as
``undef'', to set the value to be undefined. A value of ``^x'', a 2 character sequence,
is also interpreted as a control character, with ``^?'' representing delete.
erase c set erase character to c (default `#', but often reset to ^H.)
kill c set kill character to c (default `@', but often reset to ^U.)
intr c set interrupt character to c (default DEL or ^? (delete), but often reset to
quit c set quit character to c (default control \.)
start c set start character to c (default control Q.)
stop c set stop character to c (default control S.)
eof c set end of file character to c (default control D.)
brk c set break character to c (default undefined.) This character is an additional
character causing wakeup.
dec set all modes suitable for Digital Equipment Corp. operating systems users;
(erase, kill, and interrupt characters to ^?, ^U, and ^C, decctlq and
0 hang up phone line immediately
50 75 110 134 150 200 300 600 1200 1800 2400 4800 9600 exta extb
Set terminal baud rate to the number given, if possible. (These are the speeds
supported by the DH-11 interface).
rows n The terminal size is recorded as having n rows.
columns n The terminal size is recorded as having n columns.
cols n is an alias for columns.
A teletype driver which supports the job control processing of csh(1) and more functional-
ity than the basic driver is fully described in tty(4). The following options apply only
new Use new driver (switching flushes typeahead).
crt Set options for a CRT (crtbs, ctlecho and, if >= 1200 baud, crterase and
crtbs Echo backspaces on erase characters.
prterase For printing terminal echo erased characters backwards within ``\'' and ``/''.
crterase Wipe out erased characters with ``backspace-space-backspace.''
-crterase Leave erased characters visible; just backspace.
crtkill Wipe out input on like kill ala crterase.
-crtkill Just echo line kill character and a newline on line kill.
ctlecho Echo control characters as ``^x'' (and delete as ``^?''.) Print two backspaces
following the EOT character (control D).
-ctlecho Control characters echo as themselves; in cooked mode EOT (control-D) is not
decctlq After output is suspended (normally by ^S), only a start character (normally ^Q)
will restart it. This is compatible with DEC's vendor supplied systems.
-decctlq After output is suspended, any character typed will restart it; the start char-
acter will restart output without providing any input. (This is the default.)
tostop Background jobs stop if they attempt terminal output.
-tostop Output from background jobs to the terminal is allowed.
flusho Output is being discarded usually because user hit control O (internal state
-flusho Output is not being discarded.
pendin Input is pending after a switch from cbreak to cooked and will be re-input when
a read becomes pending or more input arrives (internal state bit).
-pendin Input is not pending.
pass8 Passes all 8 bits through on input, in any mode.
-pass8 Strips the 0200 bit on input except in raw mode.
mdmbuf Start/stop output on carrier transitions (not implemented).
-mdmbuf Return error if write attempted after carrier drops.
litout Send output characters without any processing.
-litout Do normal output processing, inserting delays, etc.
nohang Don't send hangup signal if carrier drops.
-nohang Send hangup signal to control process group when carrier drops.
The following special characters are applicable only to the new teletype driver and are
not normally changed.
susp c set suspend process character to c (default control Z).
dsusp c set delayed suspend process character to c (default control Y).
rprnt c set reprint line character to c (default control R).
flush c set flush output character to c (default control O).
werase c set word erase character to c (default control W).
lnext c set literal next character to c (default control V).
Modem Control Status:
These display the current state of modem control. They are only displayed for actual tty
lines and not for pseudo tty lines (more precisely, it is only displayed for lines which
support the TIOCMGET ioctl. See tty(4).
While it is possible to change the state of the modem control lines, the hardware or other
software may prevent the change from actually taking place, or may cause the state to
immediately revert to the original state.
dcd (-dcd) State of Data Carrier Detect.
dsr (-dsr) State of Data Set Ready.
dtr (-dtr) State of Data Terminal Ready.
cts (-cts) State of Clear To Send.
rts (-rts) State of Request To Send.
ioctl(2), tabs(1), tset(1), tty(4)
4th Berkeley Distribution March 27, 1997 STTY(1)