TEXTEDIT(1) General Commands Manual TEXTEDIT(1)
textedit - XView window- and mouse-based text editor
textedit [ generic-tool-arguments ] [ -Ea on | off ] [ -adjust_is_pending_delete ] [ -Ei on | off ] [ -auto_indent ] [ -Eo on | off ] [
-okay_to_overwrite ] [ -Er on | off ] [ -read_only ] [ -Ec N ] [ -checkpoint count ] [ -EL lines ] [ -lower_context lines ] [ -Em pixels ]
[ -margin pixels ] [ -En N ] [ -number_of_lines lines ] [ -ES N ] [ -multi_click_space radius ] [ -Et N ] [ -tab_width tabstop ] [ -ET N ]
[ -multi_click_timeout intrvl ] [ -Eu N ] [ -history_limit max ] [ -EU N ] [ -upper_context lines ] filename
This command is available with the OpenWindows environment. For information about installing OpenWindows, refer to the OpenWindows Instal-
lation and Start-Up Guide.
textedit is a window-based XView application that provides both mouse and pointer operations and keyboard accelerators for the editing of
text. In general, text editing throughout the OpenWindows user environment uses textedit conventions, both in text display areas such as
mail message windows and command panel text fields.
textedit operates via a set of command panel buttons and text fields and a set of menus and submenus accessible from the main editing win-
textedit accepts the XView generic tool arguments described in the XView Reference Manual.
Choose whether or not an adjustment to a selection makes the selection "pending-delete." The default is off. This option corre-
sponds to, and overrides, the adjust_is_pending_delete Text defaults entry.
Choose whether or not to automatically indent newly-opened lines. The default is off. Corresponds to the auto_indent Text default.
Set behavior to the Store as New File menu item. If on a Store as New File to the current file is treated as a Save Current File.
If off (the standard default), Store as New File operations using the current filename results in an error message. Corresponds to
Turn read-only mode on or off. When on, text cannot be modified.
Checkpoint after every count editing operation. If count is 0 (the standard default), no checkpointing takes place. Each character
typed, each Paste, and each Cut counts as an editing operation. Corresponds to checkpoint_frequency.
Specify the minimum number of lines to keep between the caret and the bottom of the text subwindow. The default is 2. Corresponds
Set the scrollbar margin width in pixels. The default is 4. Corresponds to left_margin.
Set the number of lines in the bottom subwindow. The default is 45.
Set the radius in pixels, within which clicks must occur to be treated as a multi-click selection. The default is 3 pixels. Corre-
sponds to multi_click_space.
Set the number of SPACE characters displayed per TAB stop. The default is 8. This option has no effect on the characters in the
file. Corresponds to tab_width.
Set the interval, in milliseconds, within which any two clicks must occur to be treated as a multi-click selection. The default is
390 milliseconds. Corresponds to multi_click_timeout.
Set the maximum number of editing operations that can be undone or replayed. The default is 50. Corresponds to history_limit.
Set the minimum number of lines to keep between the caret and the top of the text subwindow. The default is 2. Corresponds to
textedit is part of the OpenWindows user environment. For a descriptions of the basic concepts of OpenWindows, see the OpenWindows User's
If textedit hangs, for whatever reason, you can send a SIGHUP....s0 signal to its process ID, which forces it to write any changes (if pos-
kill -HUP pid
The edits are written to the file textedit.pid in its working directory. If that fails, textedit successively tries to write to a file by
that name in /var/tmp, and then /tmp. In addition, whenever textedit catches a fatal signal, such as SIGILL, it tries to write out the
edits before aborting.
You can specify a number of defaults using the .Xdefaults file that affect the behavior of the text-based facilities. See xview(1) for
more detailed information.
Selections in textedit are defined as selected portions of text to which editing operations can be applied. For example, a selection can
be deleted, moved, copied, etc.
textedit provides two types of selections: primary and secondary. Primary selections allow you to select a set of text on which to perform
an editing function. Secondary selections allow you to define a second block of text without undefining your primary text selection or
repositioning your cursor. Being able to define two sets of text at once allows you to take advantage of the advanced editing functions
described below in the section called Function Keys.
Using a Mouse and Pointer:
Single characters can be selected using the SELECT.
Blocks of text can be selected by selecting a starting point with the SELECT and selecting an ending point with ADJUST.
Or blocks of text can be selected using OPEN LOOK's wipe through feature by pointing at a beginning character and depressing the
select button while moving the pointer to the end of a block of text.
Selections can also be made by sing clicking (rapidly pressing) the select button. Click once to select a single letter; click
twice to select a word; click three times to select a complete line of text; click four times to select the entire document being
All primary selections are indicated visually by inverse video of the text selected and are pending delete. Pending delete
selections are replaced if you type or paste while the text is selected.
Secondary selections that are not pending delete are indicated by underlining of the text.
Secondary selections pending delete are indicated by underlining of the text and strike through of the individual characters.
Secondary selections are made using any of the selection methods described above in addition to holding down one of the four func-
tion keys corresponding to the commands Cut, Find, Paste, or Copy.
Secondary selections are made pending delete by holding the CTRL key when making the secondary selection. If a secondary selection
is pending-delete, it is deleted when the function key is released, except in the case of the Find, which deselects the secondary
You can make adjusted selections switch to pending-delete using the adjust_is_pending_delete defaults entry, or the -Ea option. In
this case, CTRL-Middle makes the selection not pending-delete.
Commands that operate on the primary selection do so even if the primary selection is not in the window that issued the command.
Inserting Text and Command Characters
For the most part, typing any of the standard keys either inserts the corresponding character at the insertion point, or erases characters.
However, certain key combinations are treated as commands. Some of the most useful are:
Command Character Description
Cut-Primary META-X Erases, and moves to the Clipboard, the primary selection.
Find-Primary META-F Searches the text for the pattern specified by the primary
selection or by the Clipboard, if there is no primary selection.
Copy-to-Clipboard META-C Copies the primary selection to the Clipboard.
Paste-Clipboard META-V Inserts the Clipboard contents at the insertion point.
Copy-then-Paste META-P Copies the primary selection to the insertion point (through
Go-to-EOF CTRL-RETURN Moves the insertion point to the end of the text, positioning
the text so that the insertion point is visible.
The commands indicated by use of the function keys are:
Command Sun-2|3 Key Description
Stop L1 Aborts the current command.
Again L2 Repeats the previous editing sequence since a
primary selection was made.
Undo L4 Undoes a prior editing sequence.
Front L5 Makes the window completely visible (or
hides it, if it is already exposed).
Copy L6 Copies the primary selection, either to the
Clipboard or at the closest end of the secondary
Open L7 Makes the window iconic (or normal, if it is already
Paste L8 Copies either the secondary selection or the Clipboard at
the insertion point.
Find L9 Searches for the pattern specified by, in order, the
secondary selection, the primary selection, or the Clipboard.
Cut L10 Erases, and moves to the Clipboard, either the primary or
the secondary selection.
Help F1 Produces help text.
Find usually searches the text forwards, towards the end. Holding down the SHIFT key while invoking Find searches backward through the
text, towards the beginning. If the pattern is not found before the search encounters either extreme, it "wraps around" and continues from
the other extreme. Find starts the search at the appropriate end of the primary selection, if the primary selection is in the subwindow
that the search is made in; otherwise it starts at the insertion point, unless the subwindow cannot be edited, in which case it starts at
the beginning of the text.
CTRL-Find invokes the Find and Replace pop-up frame.
File A pull-right menu item for file operations.
Edit A pull-right menu item equivalent of the editing function keys. The Edit submenu provides Again, Undo, Copy, Paste, and Cut
(same as function keys L2, L4, L6, L8, and L10).
Display A pull-right menu item for controlling the way text is displayed and line display format.
Find A pull-right menu item for find and delimiter matching operations.
Extras A user definable pull-right menu item. The Extras standard submenu is controlled by /usr/lib/.text_extras_menu, which has the
same format as .rootmenu file. This can be overridden in two ways:
1) Change the value of the .Xdefaults parameter text.extrasMenuFilename to the correct file path.
2) Set the environment variable EXTRASMENU to the file desired.
Note that option 1 overrides option 2 if both are used.
For more information see the DeskSet Environment Reference Guide . See also xview(1).
Only those items that are active appear as normal text in the menu; inactive items (which are inappropriate at the time) are "grayed out".
User Defined Commands
The file /usr/lib/text_extras_menu specifies filter programs that are included in the text subwindow Extras pull-right menu item. The file
~/.textswrc specifies filter programs that are assigned to (available) function keys. These filters are applied to the contents of the
primary selection. Their output is entered at the caret.
The file /usr/lib/textswrc is a sample containing a set of useful filters. It is not read automatically.
~/.textswrc Specifies bindings of filters to function keys
Specifies bindings of filters for the extras menu pull-right items
/usr/bin Contains useful filters, including shift_lines and capitalize.
filename% Prior version of filename is available here after a Save Current File menu operation
textedit.pid Edited version of filename; generated in response to fatal internal errors
/tmp/Text* Editing session logs
Introduction to the OpenWindows User Environment
Cannot open file 'filename', aborting!
filename does not exist or cannot be read.
textedit produces the following exit status codes:
0 normal termination
1 standard OpenWindows help message was printed
2 help message was requested and printed
3 abnormal termination in response to a signal, usually due to an internal error
4 abnormal termination during initialization, usually due to a missing file or running out of swap space
Multi-click to change the current selection does not work for Adjust Selection.
Handling of long lines is incorrect in certain scrolling situations.
There is no way to replay any editing sequence except the most recent.
11 June 1990 TEXTEDIT(1)