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Linux 2.6 - man page for vmstat (linux section 8)

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VMSTAT(8) 			   Linux Administrator's Manual 			  VMSTAT(8) 

NAME
       vmstat - Report virtual memory statistics

SYNOPSIS
       vmstat [-a] [-n] [delay [ count]]
       vmstat [-f] [-s] [-m]
       vmstat [-S unit]
       vmstat [-d]
       vmstat [-D]
       vmstat [-p disk partition]
       vmstat [-V]

DESCRIPTION
       vmstat reports information about processes, memory, paging, block IO, traps, disks and cpu
       activity.

       The first report produced gives averages since the last reboot.	Additional  reports  give
       information  on	a  sampling  period  of length delay.  The process and memory reports are
       instantaneous in either case.

   Options
       The -a switch displays active/inactive memory, given a 2.5.41 kernel or better.

       The -f switch displays the number of forks since boot.  This includes the fork, vfork, and
       clone  system  calls, and is equivalent to the total number of tasks created. Each process
       is represented by one or more tasks, depending on thread usage.	 This  display	does  not
       repeat.

       The -m displays slabinfo.

       The -n switch causes the header to be displayed only once rather than periodically.

       The  -s switch displays a table of various event counters and memory statistics. This dis-
       play does not repeat.

       delay is the delay between updates in seconds.  If no delay is specified, only one  report
       is printed with the average values since boot.

       count  is  the  number  of  updates.  If no count is specified and delay is defined, count
       defaults to infinity.

       The -d reports disk statistics (2.5.70 or above required)

       The -D reports some summary statistics about disk activity.

       The -p followed by some partition name for detailed statistics (2.5.70 or above required)

       The -S followed by k or K or m or M switches changes the units of ouput from bytes to out-
       puts  between  1000,  1024,  1000000, or 1048576 bytes. Note this does not change the swap
       (si/so) or block (bi/bo) fields.

       The -V switch results in displaying version information.

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR VM MODE
   Procs
       r: The number of processes waiting for run time.
       b: The number of processes in uninterruptible sleep.

   Memory
       swpd: the amount of virtual memory used.
       free: the amount of idle memory.
       buff: the amount of memory used as buffers.
       cache: the amount of memory used as cache.
       inact: the amount of inactive memory. (-a option)
       active: the amount of active memory. (-a option)

   Swap
       si: Amount of memory swapped in from disk (/s).
       so: Amount of memory swapped to disk (/s).

   IO
       bi: Blocks received from a block device (blocks/s).
       bo: Blocks sent to a block device (blocks/s).

   System
       in: The number of interrupts per second, including the clock.
       cs: The number of context switches per second.

   CPU
       These are percentages of total CPU time.
       us: Time spent running non-kernel code. (user time, including nice time)
       sy: Time spent running kernel code. (system time)
       id: Time spent idle. Prior to Linux 2.5.41, this includes IO-wait time.
       wa: Time spent waiting for IO. Prior to Linux 2.5.41, included in idle.
       st: Time stolen from a virtual machine. Prior to Linux 2.6.11, unknown.

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK MODE
   Reads
       total: Total reads completed successfully
       merged: grouped reads (resulting in one I/O)
       sectors: Sectors read successfully
       ms: milliseconds spent reading

   Writes
       total: Total writes completed successfully
       merged: grouped writes (resulting in one I/O)
       sectors: Sectors written successfully
       ms: milliseconds spent writing

   IO
       cur: I/O in progress
       s: seconds spent for I/O

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK PARTITION MODE
       reads: Total number of reads issued to this partition
       read sectors: Total read sectors for partition
       writes : Total number of writes issued to this partition
       requested writes: Total number of write requests made for partition

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR SLAB MODE
       cache: Cache name
       num: Number of currently active objects
       total: Total number of available objects
       size: Size of each object
       pages: Number of pages with at least one active object

NOTES
       vmstat does not require special permissions.

       These reports are intended to help identify system bottlenecks.	 Linux	vmstat	does  not
       count itself as a running process.

       All  linux  blocks  are	currently 1024 bytes. Old kernels may report blocks as 512 bytes,
       2048 bytes, or 4096 bytes.

       Since procps 3.1.9, vmstat lets you choose units (k, K, m, M) default is K (1024 bytes) in
       the default mode

       vmstat uses slabinfo 1.1    FIXME

FILES
       /proc/meminfo
       /proc/stat
       /proc/*/stat

SEE ALSO
         iostat(1) ,   sar(1) ,   mpstat(1) ,   ps(1) ,   top(1) ,   free(1) 

BUGS
       Does not tabulate the block io per device or count the number of system calls.

AUTHORS
       Written by Henry Ware <al172@yfn.ysu.edu>.
       Fabian Frederick <ffrederick@users.sourceforge.net> (diskstat, slab, partitions...)

Throatwobbler Ginkgo Labs		    2009 Jan 9					  VMSTAT(8)
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