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Selecting interface based on source and destination ip address


 
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Special Forums IP Networking Selecting interface based on source and destination ip address
# 1  
Old 07-30-2009
Bug Selecting interface based on source and destination ip address

Hi all,

I have some doubts in selecting the interface to transfer packets and receive the packets.

--> Multiple interfaces :
--------------------

1) 0.0.0.0 --------> wild card address.
2) x.x.x.x --------> valid address.(192.168.1.156)
3) ff.ff.ff.ff --------> broad cast address.


1) If an socket is binded to 0.0.0.0 and its destination ip address is ff.ff.ff.ff

In order to transfer a packet, the packet should be transferred through all interfaces.(broadcasetd).

2) If an socket is binded to 0.0.0.0 and its destination ip address is x.x.x.x

Based on destination ip address an inetrface will be selected to transfer the packet.

Before receiving the packets, the selected interface is closed.
Now the received packets consists of destination ip address as closed interfaces ip address. Whether the received packets are valid or not.


Thanks in advance.........

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LO(4)							   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 						     LO(4)

NAME
lo -- software loopback network interface SYNOPSIS
device loop DESCRIPTION
The loop interface is a software loopback mechanism which may be used for performance analysis, software testing, and/or local communication. As with other network interfaces, the loopback interface must have network addresses assigned for each address family with which it is to be used. These addresses may be set or changed with the SIOCSIFADDR ioctl(2). The loopback interface should be the last interface configured, as protocols may use the order of configuration as an indication of priority. The loopback should never be configured first unless no hard- ware interfaces exist. If the transmit checksum offload capability flag is enabled on a loopback interface, checksums will not be generated by IP, UDP, or TCP for packets sent on the interface. If the receive checksum offload capability flag is enabled on a loopback interface, checksums will not be validated by IP, UDP, or TCP for packets received on the interface. By default, both receive and transmit checksum flags will be enabled, in order to avoid the overhead of checksumming for local communication where data corruption is unlikely. If transmit checksum generation is disabled, then validation should also be disabled in order to avoid packets being dropped due to invalid checksums. DIAGNOSTICS
lo%d: can't handle af%d. The interface was handed a message with addresses formatted in an unsuitable address family; the packet was dropped. SEE ALSO
inet(4), intro(4) HISTORY
The lo device appeared in 4.2BSD. The current checksum generation and validation avoidance policy appeared in FreeBSD 8.0. BSD
March 15, 2009 BSD

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