Top Forums Shell Programming and Scripting awk variables in regex expression ? Post 302486124 by michaelrozar17 on Friday 7th of January 2011 04:48:10 AM
Quote:
Originally Posted by vilius
Hello,

Could someone explain why this one returns nothing:
Code:
$ x=/jon/
$ echo jon | awk -v xa=$x '$1~xa {print}'
$

When a pattern matching is done using ~ we need to give the reg-exp in between / / (2 forward slashes).Still, when given inside the slashes it is taken as literally, so when changing the above awk as
Code:
echo jon | awk -v xa=$x '$1~/xa/ {print}'

it matches the word xa and not the variable xa's value.Hence we need to expand the variable as below
Code:
x=/jon/
echo jon | awk -v xa=$x '$1~/'"$xa"'/ {print}'

This is not the case when == is used as you would know this is used to equate between variables.Therefore in code $1==xa.. xa is expanded (to jon).
 
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COLORS(3)						   libbash colors Library Manual						 COLORS(3)

NAME
colors -- libbash library for setting tty colors. SYNOPSIS
colorSet <color> colorReset colorPrint [<indent>] <color> <text> colorPrintN [<indent>] <color> <text> DESCRIPTION
General colors is a collection of functions that make it very easy to put colored text on tty. The function list: colorSet Sets the color of the prints to the tty to COLOR colorReset Resets current tty color back to normal colorPrint Prints TEXT in the color COLOR indented by INDENT (without adding a newline) colorPrintN The same as colorPrint, but trailing newline is added Detailed interface description follows. Available colors: Green Red Yellow White The color parameter is non-case-sensitive (i.e. RED, red, ReD, and all the other forms are valid and are the same as Red). FUNCTIONS DESCRIPTIONS
colorSet <color> Sets the current printing color to color. colorReset Resets current tty color back to normal. colorPrint [<indent>] <color> Prints text using the color color indented by indent (without adding a newline). Parameters: <indent> The column to move to before start printing. This parameter is optional. If ommitted - start output from current cursor position. <color> The color to use. <color> The text to print. colorPrintN [<indent>] <color> The same as colorPrint, except a trailing newline is added. EXAMPLES
Printing a green 'Hello World' with a newline: Using colorSet: $ colorSet green $ echo 'Hello World' $ colorReset Using colorPrint: $ colorPrint 'Hello World'; echo Using colorPrintN: $ colorPrintN 'Hello World' AUTHORS
Hai Zaar <haizaar@haizaar.com> Gil Ran <gil@ran4.net> SEE ALSO
ldbash(1), libbash(1) Linux Epoch Linux
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