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Top Forums Shell Programming and Scripting diffrence in executing a shell script Post 302362974 by Scott on Monday 19th of October 2009 04:25:25 AM
Old 10-19-2009
There is no difference in how any of these are executed in that they all fork new shells.

Code:
cat Test
echo $$


echo $$; ./Test
13426784
12693590

The first one will run the script using sh, overriding what the shebang (1st line of your script says (i.e. #!/usr/bin/ksh)).

Code:
cat Test
#!/usr/bin/ksh
pushd

./Test
./Test[2]: pushd:  not found.

> bash ./Test
./Test: line 2: pushd: no other directory

It will run the script whether it's executable or not.

The second one will run the script from the current directory (./script.sh), overriding any other script.sh which is in the path.

The last one will run the first script.sh it finds in the path, not the current directory.

Code:
> ls -l Test
-rwx------    2 me     mygroup             21 Oct 19 10:15 T

> Test
ksh: Test: not found.

> PATH=.:$PATH

> Test
./Test[2]: pushd:  not found.

You missed one:

Code:
. ./script.sh

This will run script.sh in the current shell:
Code:
> cat Test
echo $$

> echo $$; . ./Test
13426784
13426784

 
Test Your Knowledge in Computers #184
Difficulty: Easy
Less than 4% of those surveyed at UNIX.com indicated that csh was their most useful shell.
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Test::Script(3) 					User Contributed Perl Documentation					   Test::Script(3)

NAME
Test::Script - Basic cross-platform tests for scripts DESCRIPTION
The intent of this module is to provide a series of basic tests for 80% of the testing you will need to do for scripts in the script (or bin as is also commonly used) paths of your Perl distribution. Further, it aims to provide this functionality with perfect platform-compatibility, and in a way that is as unobtrusive as possible. That is, if the program works on a platform, then Test::Script should always work on that platform as well. Anything less than 100% is considered unacceptable. In doing so, it is hoped that Test::Script can become a module that you can safely make a dependency of all your modules, without risking that your module won't on some platform because of the dependency. Where a clash exists between wanting more functionality and maintaining platform safety, this module will err on the side of platform safety. FUNCTIONS
script_compiles script_compiles( 'script/foo.pl', 'Main script compiles' ); The "script_compiles" test calls the script with "perl -c script.pl", and checks that it returns without error. The path it should be passed is a relative unix-format script name. This will be localised when running "perl -c" and if the test fails the local name used will be shown in the diagnostic output. Note also that the test will be run with the same perl interpreter that is running the test script (and not with the default system perl). This will also be shown in the diagnostic output on failure. script_runs script_runs( 'script/foo.pl', 'Main script runs' ); The "script_runs" test executes the script with "perl script.pl" and checks that it returns success. The path it should be passed is a relative unix-format script name. This will be localised when running "perl -c" and if the test fails the local name used will be shown in the diagnostic output. The test will be run with the same perl interpreter that is running the test script (and not with the default system perl). This will also be shown in the diagnostic output on failure. SUPPORT
All bugs should be filed via the bug tracker at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Test-Script <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Test-Script> For other issues, or commercial enhancement and support, contact the author. AUTHOR
Adam Kennedy <adamk@cpan.org> SEE ALSO
prove, <http://ali.as/> COPYRIGHT
Copyright 2006 - 2009 Adam Kennedy. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module. perl v5.16.2 2009-11-23 Test::Script(3)

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