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# 1  
Old 09-13-2008

Is there a way to get echo to make newlines without using any type of quotes? I've done a lot of searches and went into my Linux book to no avail. I'm trying to write five separate lines to a file. I can get echo to accept all five lines like this

echo \
\this is line 1\
\this is line 2\ > file

but once I do a cat on the file, it's just squashed together.

# 2  
Old 09-13-2008
Why are you not using quotes?
# 3  
Old 09-13-2008
do you have to use echo?

Here is an example using a "HERE" document.

cat > /tmp/file <<EOF
line 1
line 2
line 3
# 4  
Old 09-13-2008
I can't use single or double quotes because thats one of the instructions in the assignment and I also have to use echo. I've googled and looked everywhere. I can get echo to accept all of the lines, but they aren't separated on each line.
# 5  
Old 09-13-2008
Have you checked the manpage for your shell?

You can split lies with \n but that might require the use of quotes
echo line one \n line two > file

You can also try calling echo 5 times and appending the output.
echo line one > file
echo line two >> file
# 6  
Old 09-13-2008
Yah, I didn't find anything useful for echo with man. It looks like I need quotes.

echo -- write arguments to the standard output

echo [-n] [string ...]

The echo utility writes any specified operands, separated by single blank
(` ') characters and followed by a newline (`\n') character, to the stan-
dard output.

The following option is available:

-n Do not print the trailing newline character. This may also be
achieved by appending `\c' to the end of the string, as is done by
iBCS2 compatible systems.

Some shells may provide a builtin echo command which is similar or iden-
tical to this utility. Consult the builtin(1) manual page.

Your idea works, but I need a way to do it all in one Enter. At least it's a backup if I can't...thanks.
# 7  
Old 09-14-2008
Please read that rules of the fourm. Homework is not allowed.
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