How to comment a specific line of a file in Solaris 10?


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# 1  
How to comment a specific line of a file in Solaris 10?

Hi Folks,

sed -i '3s/^/#/' abc.txt is commenting the line number 3 in LINUX

Not Working in Solaris 10 or higher

Code:
sed -i sed -i '3s/^/#/'   abc.txt
sed: illegal option -- i


i have a file as below

Code:
cat abc.txt
bc
vdv
shhsd
cdc
skdk

Please advise

Moderator's Comments:
Mod Comment Please always do wrap your samples/codes in CODE TAGS as per forum rules.

Last edited by RavinderSingh13; 01-03-2020 at 07:20 AM..
# 2  
Hello abhaydas,

I don't have Solaris so couldn't test it, should work but. Could you please try following.

Code:
sed '3s/^/#/'  abc.txt > temp && mv temp abc.txt

Thanks,
R. Singh

Last edited by RavinderSingh13; 01-03-2020 at 08:01 AM..
# 3  
The following is a "safe" use of a tmp file - the && only on success will continue with the following command, and the cp leaves the inode/owner/group/permissions/linkage intact.
Code:
file=abc.txt
ftmp=$file.tmp.$$
sed '3s/^/#/' $file >$ftmp &&
cp $ftmp $file &&
rm $ftmp

Or use perl - like sed it will alter inode and linkage.
Code:
perl -i -pe '$.==3 and s/^/#/' abc.txt

# 4  
Thanks Ravinder and MadeInGermany , That helped
# 5  
Quote:
Originally Posted by abhaydas
Thanks Ravinder and MadeInGermany , That helped
Your Welcome. On unix.com we Thank people for useful posts by hitting THANKS button at each post's last left side, you could do so too, cheers and happy learning.

Also don't forget to put code tags for your samples/codes too.

Thanks,
R. Singh
# 6  
Below I am hard-coding the value of line number .How to pass it with variable ?

In my script (Solaris) say in abc.txt ,it's 3rd line I have to comment
Code:
sed '3s/^/#/'  abc.txt > temp && mv temp abc.txt

Code:
cat abc.txt 
bc
vdv
shhsd
cdc
skdk


Script

Code:
#!/bin/bash
#set -x
grep -n cdc abc.txt | cut -f1 -d: | sort -u >>a.txt

filename="a.txt"
while read line
do
    # $line variable contains current line read from the file
    # display $line text on the screen or do something with it.

    echo "$line"
sed $lines^/#/" abc.txt  > temp && mv temp abc.txt
done < $filename


Last edited by rbatte1; 01-06-2020 at 12:43 PM..
# 7  
A bit complex, no? And a waste of resources, if you change more than one line, as you open/read your file, create a temp file, and mv it once per change!


If you know the pattern, why the detour via grep (and the needless sort)? Why not have sed do it all for you, like
Code:
sed '/cdc/s/^/#/' file

? That will comment out any line that has cdc in it, at any position. Anchor the pattern at begin-of-line with ^ , if need be.


For your syntax problem (I presume you have, but you don't post any error message), use a leading double quote, and enclose the variable name in braces. man bash:
Quote:
The parameter name or symbol to be expanded may be enclosed in braces, which are optional but serve to protect the variable to be expanded from characters immediately following it which could be interpreted as part of the name.

Last edited by RudiC; 01-06-2020 at 12:55 PM..
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