Insert year in ls -l command


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# 1  
Insert year in ls -l command

Hi All,
Have a file where i stored ls -l command output,
Code:
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600         94255 Jan 01 11:16 file1_2020.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600        114573 Dec 29 11:10 file2_2019.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600         41006 Dec 30 11:09 file3_2019.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600        165923 Dec 31 11:29 file4_2019.csv

Want to extract year from filename and insert in every respective line, output should be:
Code:
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600         94255 Jan 01 11:16 2020 file1_2020.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600        114573 Dec 29 11:10 2019 file2_2019.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600         41006 Dec 30 11:09 2019 file3_2019.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600        165923 Dec 31 11:29 2019 file4_2019.csv

Can this be possible using awk and sed in one line instead of running any for loop.

**I got this output from ftp server, and that is why cannot use ls --fu command to get year. That is why i thought of appending year after getting filenames to local server, If there is any alternative for this kindly let me know
# 2  
Hello kumarinfa,

I am considering that you have saved output of ls command into a file and then I have written this code.

Code:
awk '{split($NF,array,"[_.]");$NF=array[2] OFS $NF} 1'  Input_file

Output will be as follows.
Code:
-rw-r--r-- 1 360 600 94255 Jan 01 11:16 2020 file1_2020.csv
-rw-r--r-- 1 360 600 114573 Dec 29 11:10 2019 file2_2019.csv
-rw-r--r-- 1 360 600 41006 Dec 30 11:09 2019 file3_2019.csv
-rw-r--r-- 1 360 600 165923 Dec 31 11:29 2019 file4_2019.csv

Thanks,
R. Singh
This User Gave Thanks to RavinderSingh13 For This Post:
# 3  
Try:
Code:
sed 's/[^ ]*_\(....\)\./\1 &/' file

Code:
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600         94255 Jan 01 11:16 2020 file1_2020.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600        114573 Dec 29 11:10 2019 file2_2019.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600         41006 Dec 30 11:09 2019 file3_2019.csv
-rw-r--r--    1 360      600        165923 Dec 31 11:29 2019 file4_2019.csv

# 4  
@Ravindersingh13

Thank you for your suggestion, Yes i have save my output of ls command in file. and Can you please explain little bit in detail what we are doing in this solution.

Also what if my input is:
Code:
-rw-r--r-- 1 360 600 165923 Dec 31 11:29 12312019 file1_12312019_062449.csv

How can i extract year part in same solution, tried but could not get the expceted.

Thank you again
# 5  
use time-style=+FORMAT to force a constant time format on ls -l output, +FORMAT uses the format that the date command uses as well.
See the man page for your date command if this is foreign to you.
Example:
Code:
# set time to exactly right  now on the t.lis file
touch t.lis
 ls -l --time-style='+%Y-%m-%d %H:%m' t.lis
-rw-r--r-- 1 Owner None 1055 2020-01-02 16:01 t.lis

# 6  
Quote:
Originally Posted by kumarinfa
@Ravindersingh13
Thank you for your suggestion, Yes i have save my output of ls command in file. and Can you please explain little bit in detail what we are doing in this solution.
Also what if my input is:
Code:
-rw-r--r-- 1 360 600 165923 Dec 31 11:29 12312019 file1_12312019_062449.csv

How can i extract year part in same solution, tried but could not get the expceted.
Thank you again
Hello kumarinfa,

Following is the complete explanation.

Code:
awk '                               ##starting awk program from here.
{
  split($NF,array,"[_.]")           ##Using split to splitting the last field of current line into an array named array with field separator of underscore and dot.
  $NF=array[2] OFS $NF              ##resetting last field value with 2nd value of array(which was year value) OFS and last field value itself.
}
1                                   ##Mentioning 1 will print edited/non-edited lines here. 
' Input_file                        ##Mentioning Input_file name here.

Thanks,
R. Singh

Last edited by RavinderSingh13; 01-03-2020 at 12:40 AM..
# 7  
@Jim,

Thanks for your reply, and yes i am well aware about DATE command and its relevant formats, kindly follow my first post carefully as i mentioned that i cannot use any ls options because i am getting file listing from ftp server. Is there any command which can give me desired result directly from ftp while using ls?

TIA

--- Post updated at 07:10 PM ---

Thank you @Ravinder,

I understood very well what you explained. Also can you tell me what if i have to extract year if i get input like this:

Code:
-rw-r--r-- 1 360 600 165923 Dec 31 11:29 12312019 file1_12312019_062449.csv

Here 2019 is not whole word rather part of second field, tried using substr but not able to get the idea that how to nest split and substr function.

TIA
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