BINS(1) General Commands Manual BINS(1)
bins -- Generate a static HTML photo albums using XML and EXIF tags
bins [-f config_file] [-o STR] [-d STR] [-c color_style] [-s style] [-t template_dir] [-p] [-e] [-i iKey,iKey...] [-v X] [-h]
This manual page documents briefly the bins command.
This manual page was written for the Debian distribution because the original program does not have a manual page. Instead, it has docu-
mentation in HTML in /usr/share/doc/bins/index.html as well as a -h option.
bins is a program that takes a collection of directories and files containing JPEG images and XML descriptions, combines them with a
set of HTML templates, and produces a complete photo gallery of static HTML files, rescaled images at three sizes, and thumbnails.
use an alternative configuration file, instead of ~/.bins/binsrc..
-o STR Tells script to use only one copy of image using HTML size specs (height, width specs in the image tag) for scaled versions
(instead of generating several images, one for each size).
Default is false.
STR is an optional argument to set how the one image is generated. Possible values:
scaled (make scaled copy of orig in target_dir hierarchy, sized to max size). Default.
copied (copy orig to web dir)
custom (use copy if filesize < 1meg resize, resave, if bigger than 1 meg)
-d STR Determine if tags found in EXIF structure are added in desc files.
STR is one of "always", "never" or "exist" ("exist" only adds if the desc file already exist.) Default is always.
Color style to use. Can be blue (default one), green, ivory and pink or any other one defined in configuration/description
files. This option is deprecated (and thus, not supported by all templates), in favor of alternate stylesheets and the custom-
-s style Template style to use (styles provided for now are joi, marc, martin, mwolson petrus, satyap and swigs).
Specify location of html templates.
Default is ~/.bins, falling back to default versions in /usr/share/bins/templates.style.
-p Numbers preceding the album title, followed by an underscore are stripped. If this option is given, then prefix ordering numbers
on directories are removed. For example, if one has directories may, june, and august, they can be renamed 0_may, 1_june, and
2_august and they will appear in the album in the correct order.
-e Tells the script to generate an editable version of the album. If set, some more links and icons are added to directly access
the .xml files for editing. This is for editing purposes, not for a final album.
Sets "ignore" keywords which will be compared against the contents of the ignore field of the album's XML file, in the ignore
field in description section. If any of the iKeys match those in the album's "ignore" field, that album will not be processed.
See also the ignore parameter.
Sets "hidden" keywords which will be compared against the contents of the ignore field of the album's XML file, in the ignore
field in description section. If any of the iKeys match those in the album's "ignore" field, that album will be hidden: it will
not be linked anywhere. See also the hidden parameter.
-v X X is the verbosity level (between 0 and 3)
-h Show the help string this man page was originally based on.
bins is also controlled by other files.
The binsrc files are XML files with a top level bins tag. There are three element names with bins: parameter, colors, and sizes.
Each of these has a name attribute which names the data in the element content.
The colors element has a style attribute, that can be used with the colorStyle parameter or the -c command line option. It con-
tains color elements. The color elements name has one of the following values which is substituted into the template files. This
tag is deprecated, in favor of alternate stylesheets and the customStyleSheet parameter.
The sizes element contains size elements which each have a name attribute, a shortname attribute, a height attribute, and a width
attribute. These default to
Small, Sm, 40%, 40%
Medium, Med, 64%, 64%
Large, Lg, 100%, 100%
name and shortname are used in the output HTML and in generated filenames. The default values listed above are passed through
gettext for localization; overrides in binsrc files are not, and should be in the desired language.
For the parameter elements the name attribute names one of the following parameters.
If set to 1 (the default), write EXIF data found in the image file to the image desc file (but see also the -d flag).
If set to 1 (the default), display the current album thumbnail in sub-albums page if it has pictures, with links to the
If set to 1, generate a page with all thumbnails in the album and sub-albums. This is deactivated because it is an
alpha feature which seems to not work properly.
Set this to the image that should be displayed as the background of the album pages. The Image will be copied to the
static files directory. This works only with joi, marc, martin and petrus templates for now.
Width of the border of the thumbnail's image in the thumbnails page, in pixels. 0 means no border.
Name of the color style to use. Default is blue. See also the -c option which takes precedence. This option is depre-
cated (and thus, not supported by all templates), in favor of alternate stylesheets and the customStyleSheet
If set to 1, generated HTML code is cleaned up to reduce the size of pages and thus, speed up browsing. This reduces
the size of HTML BINS files by about 30%. See HTML::Clean(3) to know how optimizations are performed.
Can be set in the global config file, but only influences the basename of the local user config file. Defaults to
If set to 1 (the default), add empty description fields in the description section when the image description file is
created to ease later manual editing.
If 1, create an Apache .htaccess file in the root dir of the album with the encoding charset bound to html and htm
files. This is a parameter global for the album, it can't be set in album.xml.
Set this to the CSS file that should be used as the stylesheet for the album pages. The CSS file will be copied to the
static files directory. This works only with joi, marc, martin and petrus templates for now.
Specify the format of date strings. This variable accepts all formats supported by date(1).
Size to use when user clicks directly on the thumbnail in the thumbnails page instead of one of the size name. 0 is the
first size (Small in the default config), 1 the second (Medium), and so on. Set this variable to -1 if you don't want
the thumbnail to be clickable.
If set to 1, do NOT copy exif data found in the source images to any of the generated resized images. Setting this
option can yield significant space savings, especially for thumbnail and imagelist pages.
If set to 1, and album desciption is not set, no message will be displayed (instead of the "No long/short description
enlarge If set to 1, small images are enlarged in the "med" and "large" series. (defaults to 0).
If set to 1, the image with the name given in backgroundImage will be excluded from the current directory.
Exclude directories that match this regexp (if set). Set to CVS$ in default config, so that CVS subdirs aren't pro-
cessed by bins.
Exclude image files that match this regexp (if set). No image files are excluded in default config.
Can't usefully be set, since it has already been used when the first config file is read. Defaults to /etc/bins.
hidden Put here a comma separated list of keyword. If one on this keyword is found in the ignore field in the description sec-
tion of an album.xml, then this sub-album will be hidden, i.e. it will be generated but not linked anywhere. You can
also use the -n command line option.
homeURL Set this to your home page's URL. This is used for the leave button in some templates.
HTML pages charset encoding.
ignore Put here a comma separated list of keyword. If one on this keyword is found in the ignore field in the description sec-
tion of an album.xml, then this sub-album will be ignored, i.e. it will not be processed. You can also use the -i com-
mand line option.
If set to 0 next/prev-Links will be hidden if the actual page is the last/first Image page.
loaded, to speed up the album browsing.
loaded, to speed up the album browsing.
Quality of scaled jpegs (lower number = more compression, lower quality) in 1-100 range (default of 75). See imagemag-
ick docs for more details.
If set to 1, we link the picture instead of copying it if possible (i.e. scaleIfSameSize is set to 0 and destination
image doesn't have to be rotated: rotateImages is set to original or none, or orientation is already correct). Warning
: if whenSrcSmaller is set to enlarge, original image can be modified.
If set to 1, we use a relative path for the link if linkInsteadOfCopy is set to 1.
If the number of sub albums is greater (than this value which defaults to 20), generate a short sub album page instead
of the long one. (Short sub album pages appear to be unsupported at the moment; this option is disabled.)
Don't perform rotation on files matching this regexp. This can used in conjunction with scaleIfSameSize=0 and a scaled
size of 100%x100% to keep original pictures in your album.
Number of thumbnails (default of 16) displayed in each page in an album.
If set to 1 the path in the imageview contains the number of the current image.
If set to 1 the path contains icons.
Max thumbnail width and height (default 150x150).
whether to convert generated jpegs to progressive using jpegtran (if available). can be never, always, or smaller (if
the progressified file is smaller than the baseline).
Are we reversing sorting order for pictures or directories ? 0=none, 1=dirs, 2=pix, 3=both. See also -r command line
Do we rotate images if the Orientation EXIF tag is found? If set to original (the default), the original
image is rotated the first time, and then it is left untouched. If set to destination, this is all the scaled images
and thumbnails that are rotated. This is less efficient, but the original images are preserved (and is useful if the
original images are read-only). If set to none, no rotation is performed.
If set to 1, bins try to use the jpegtran program to rotate JPEG images if it is available. jpegtran is faster and
lossless, but some versions fail to perform rotation correctly, so it is deactivated in default config. If set to 0 or
if jpegtran is not found, mogrify (from ImageMagick) is used.
If set to 1, we scale the picture even if destination size is the same as the original picture, if set to 0 (the
default), the original image is just copied if the size is correct.
What method should be used to create scaled pictures and thumbnails ? Can be either scale or sample. sample
is faster, scale is better.
If 1, generate a search page. Images can be searched on description fields set in the searchFields parameter.
Space separated list of description field names used by the search engine, if searchEngine is set to 1.
Maximum results returned by the search engine, if searchEngine is set to 1. Note that if this number is too high, it
can hang the browser.
If 1, numbers preceding the album title, followed by an underscore, are stripped. If this parameter is set, then prefix
ordering numbers on directories are removed. For example, if one has directories may, june, and august, they can be
renamed 0_may, 1_june, and 2_august and they will appear in the album in the correct order. This can be overridden by
the -p command line option.
Name of the template style to use. Default is swigs. Other templates provided with BINS are joi, marc, martin, petrus
and satyap. Several templates can be used for different sub-album of an album, by using this parameter in the bins sec-
tion of the album.xml files. See also the -s option which takes precedence over binsrc (but not album.xml).
If set to 1, add a background colour (SUBBAR_BACK) to the thumbnail's cell in the thumbnails page so that if the top
and bottom borders are wider than the image (for example, if it is in portrait mode), instead of spilling over, there
is a border around the whole picture. By default, use the PAGE_BACK color.
Display thumbnails on the Image List page, set to 1 by default.
If set to 0 next/prev-Links will be hidden if the actual page is the last/first Thumbnail page.
If set to 1 (the default), display thumbnails close to the previous and next link at the bottom of the image page.
Number of thumbnails (default of 4) displayed in each row in an album.
Should the title be displayed on top on the thumbnail in the thumbnails page? (defaults to 1.)
If set to 1, preview thumbnails will be showed in the album tree page. This works only with joi, marc and petrus tem-
plates for now.
If set to 1, read permissions on images will be set, to ensure http daemon will be able to read them.
Can be set in the global config file (since after the user one is read, it is too late). Defaults to ~/.bins and is
processed by bsd_glob (see File::Glob for details.)
XML files charset encoding.
image.jpg The EXIF tags are extracted from the image. Currently only the Orientation tag influences the processing, but a variety of set-
tings are copied into the HTML file generated via the details.html template.
The XML file contains an image element, which contains three child elements:
which has field children that contain per-image data. The name attribute names the tag (allowing simple exten-
sibility, see the bins_edit --generic flag) but bins itself currently only makes use of
bins which works as described with the binsrc file settings, except that many of the settings are not meaningful in the con-
text of a single picture.
exif which has a cache of values copied from the EXIF tags in the image, to allow simpler processing by other tools.
If a user wants to override the EXIF values and provide a replacement (such as a corrected Orientation or an Owner set-
ting that reflects who you loaned the camera to) adding a priority attribute with a value of "1" will prevent bins from
replacing it with the value in the image.
album.xml This file contains an album element, which contains description and bins stanza as described for an image. The are
extensible in the same manner, but bins only makes use of
includes image filenames (relative to the current album, i.e. the directory where the include_images.txt file is stored.) Each
filename appears on a line by itself; a line beginning with a # is a comment, and lines composed entirely of whitespace are
ignored. Otherwise, the line is exactly the filename. These images are included in the order listed, and added after any that
actually appear in the directory.
There are a number of template HTMLfiles which are used to generate the actual images. The base names of these are
The default versions of these files in /usr/share/bins/templates.default should show how they work, as does the HTML::Template
documentation. Aside from the COLOR substitutions described above, a template can also reference
bins_edit (1), jpegtran (1), File::Glob, HTML::Template, imagemagick.
This manual page was written by Mark W. Eichin firstname.lastname@example.org for the Debian system (but may be used by others). As it is mostly derived
from the bins program itself, it is covered by the GNU General Public License.