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Bash script - coloring reg. expressions in text


 
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# 1  
Old 10-30-2012
Bash script - coloring reg. expressions in text

Hi all,
is there anyone good at bash who will help me?

I need to use syntax ${string/pattern/replacement}
The problematic part where I am stuck is:

Code:
#!bin/bash
text="A cat is on a mat."
exp="cat"
newexp="SOMECODEcatSOMECODE"

newtext=${${text}/${exp}/${newexp}}
 == > ERROR "wrong substitution"
newtext=${$text/$exp/$newexp}
 == > ERROR "wrong substitution"
newtext=${"cat is here"/"cat"/"dog"}
 == > newtext is EMPTY STRING - Why not "dog is here" ?

Any ideas what i am doing wrong? Or would you approach it differently?
Thanks for your help.

As for the use, I am to create a bash file colorscript.sh that
1) Gets pairs color-regex, such as: r 'bar[a-z]*\>' g 'text' b 'reg'
2) Reads user's input and colors each input line properly.
# 2  
Old 10-30-2012
Code:
newtext=${text/$exp/$newexp}

This User Gave Thanks to balajesuri For This Post:
# 3  
Old 10-30-2012
Works on Solaris via PuTTY emulating a vt100 terminal:

Code:
$ cat x
#!/bin/bash

# Define terminal escape sequences.
GREEN="\033[1;32m"  # bold, green
NORM="\033[0m"

text="A cat is on a cat mat."  # Added a second "cat"
exp="cat"

# 1 slash matches the first occurance, 2 matches all occurances.
newtext=${text//$exp/$GREEN$exp$NORM}
echo -e "$newtext"

exit 0
$ ./x
A cat is on a cat mat.
$

Actually, this is closer to your original request:
Code:
#!/bin/bash

GREEN="\033[1;32m"
NORM="\033[0m"

text="A cat is on a cat mat."
exp="cat"
newexp="${GREEN}${exp}${NORM}"

newtext=${text//$exp/$newexp}
echo -e "$newtext"

exit 0


Last edited by gary_w; 10-30-2012 at 04:07 PM..
These 2 Users Gave Thanks to gary_w For This Post:
# 4  
Old 10-30-2012
Solved

Thanks a lot! Smilie The documentation pretty much sucks when it says ${string/pattern/replacement} , but only pattern and replacement can have dollar signs even though all three are variables Smilie
# 5  
Old 10-30-2012
Actually the leading dollar sign in ${string/pattern/replacement} tells the shell to perform the search/replace on $string (in this example $text).
In other words, $string is the variable the search/replace will operate on. That's why you surround it in curly braces.

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