convert columns into rows with respect to first column


 
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# 1  
Old 04-20-2011
Bug convert columns into rows with respect to first column

Hello All,

Please help me with this file.

My input file (Tab separated) is like:

Code:
 
Abc-01    pc1    -0.69
Abc-01    E2cR    0.459666666666667
Abc-01    5ez.2   1.2265625
Xyz-01    pc1     -0.153
Xyz-01    E2cR    1.7358
Xyz-01    5ez.2   2.0254
Ced-02    pc1    -0.5714
Ced-02    E2cR    0.815
Ced-02    5ez.2  -0.94222222
Tac-01    pc1     4.5556677
Tac-01    E2cR   0.74532
Tac-01    5ez.2  -0.65432233

where order of second col repeats itself when the id(Col 1) changes.

I want an output file (Tab separated) like:

Code:
 
            pc1      E2cR      5ez.2
Abc-01    -0.69    0.459666666666667     1.2265625
Xyz-01    -0.153   1.7358      2.0254
Ced-02    -0.5714    0.815     -0.94222222
Tac-01    4.5556677     0.74532     -0.65432233

where each row present all the data for each Id(Col 1).

I'll be really thankful for your help.

Last edited by mira; 04-20-2011 at 06:07 PM.. Reason: formating
# 2  
Old 04-20-2011
Select UNION Select?
# 3  
Old 04-20-2011
Assuming the values of the second field repeat in the same order as $1 changes...
Code:
nawk '{a[$1]=($1 in a)?a[$1] OFS $3:$3}END{for(i in a) print i,a[i]}' OFS='\t' myFile

This User Gave Thanks to vgersh99 For This Post:
# 4  
Old 04-21-2011
Thanks! vgersh for your post, its working fine but it is not displaying the new headings of the columns which are the values of second col of the input file.

I'll be grateful to you if you can explain " a[$1]=($1 in a)?a[$1] OFS $3:$3 " this part of the code. Thanks again. Smilie
# 5  
Old 04-21-2011
adjust the 'w=15' (width of the column) to your liking/needs.
Code:
nawk -v w=15 '{a[$1]=($1 in a)?a[$1] OFS sprintf("%-*s",w,$3):sprintf("%-*s",w,$3);h[$2]}END{for(i in h) printf("\t%-*s", w,i);print "";for(i in a) print i,a[i]}' OFS='\t' myFile

# 6  
Old 04-22-2011
Code:
a[$1]=($1 in a)?a[$1] OFS $3:$3

checks whether first field ($1) is present in array 'a'; if yes, it appends the third column to it; if not, assign third column.
It's a ternary operator, just like in C, combined with assignment:
Code:
a=(condition)?pass:fail

that can be re-written like this:
Code:
if ($1 in a) 
  a[$1]=a[$1] OFS $3
else
  a[$1]=$3

This User Gave Thanks to mirni For This Post:
# 7  
Old 04-24-2011
Thanks a lot mirni for such a nice explanation. If I have understood clearly then first it checks if $1 is there or not, in a way to check when it reaches end of file. But, I am not clear what is the purpose of assigning third column to $1?

and also its not clear to me which part of the code actually checks when the value of $1 changes?

I'll really thankful if you or vgersh can explain this.

Thanks! again.
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