how to shift few words of filenames at a time using shell script


 
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# 1  
Old 07-09-2010
MySQL how to shift few words of filenames at a time using shell script

Hello everybody,

I have some files in directory. I want to shift 3 characters of filenames to the right at a same time.

for example, I have filenames like $ls -l
01_2000.G3.input.txt
02_2000.G3.input.txt
...,
...,
04_2010.G3.input.txt

I want to change the filenames like
2000_01_MFM_input.txt
2000_02_MFM_input.txt
...,
...,
2010_04_MFM_input.txt

Thins means I want to shift first 3 characters to the 8th position and I want to replace .G3. to _MFM_ also.

Any suggestions are welcome.
# 2  
Old 07-10-2010
using bash:
Code:
for f in *input.txt; do echo "${f:3:4}_${f::3}MFM_${f: -9}"; done

# 3  
Old 07-10-2010
but filenames not getting changed.

Thanks for the reply.

This works fine. I could only see the changed filenames in a prompt mode.
Actual filenames are not changed.

I think I have to add something like >&

Please suggest. and if possible explain few steps. particularly about {f:3:4} and {f: -9}
# 4  
Old 07-10-2010
I don't know what you want to do, so I just showed how to transform your filenames. You have to use cp or mv.

it's ${var:begin:length}, where begin is the beginning position, length is the number of characters.
you can read more about Parameter Expansion in the bash's manpage.
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