hashbang line


 
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# 1  
Old 06-03-2010
hashbang line

Hi All,

I am new to this forum. I would really appreciate if some one from you expert team could answer my qns:

1) whats the difference between the below commands. what events occur in the background when I fire each of the three commands.

Code:
 
>./script.ksh
>sh script.ksh
>script.ksh

2) Is it mandatory to keep the hashbang line at the beginneing of my shell script:

Code:
#!/usr/bin/ksh

or for perl

Code:
#!/usr/bin/perl

I have heard that shell script mentioning #!/usr/bin/ksh is not mandatory, is that true??

Guys please clear my doubts.

Thanks a lot in advance.
# 2  
Old 06-03-2010
1)
./script.ksh runs the (if any) script.ksh in the current directory
sh script.ksh runs the first script.ksh in your PATH using sh (which, for example on Linux would be Bash, on AIX ksh and on Solaris is sh), ignoring the "shebang" line in your script
script.ksh would run the first script.ksh in your PATH using either your default shell (as specified in /etc/passwd, or elsewhere) or whatever you specified in the "shebang"

The interpreter used has nothing to do with the .ksh extension of your filename script.ksh.

2) Yes and yes

Last edited by Scott; 06-03-2010 at 04:50 PM..
# 3  
Old 06-03-2010
there's no real requirement, although it's mostly best practices...and sensible to someone who wants to stay sane.

The governing shell may take hold of your script and run things incorrectly if the shebang is not present. Certain shells (and programs, like perl) have similar logical patterns and syntax, which may try to execute and provide unexpected results...or just errors. For example, if you're running a ksh script under your bash shell, or vice versa, things are just close enough to seem right, but report errors.
# 4  
Old 06-03-2010
Quote:
Originally Posted by curleb
there's no real requirement, although it's mostly best practices...and sensible to someone who wants to stay sane.
Sanity is the key here. You could log into a system as root where the login shell is /bin/csh. If you don't want your scripts to run in that shell you must specify the "hashbang" at the beginning of your script.

One thing I've always done is to put #!/bin/ksh as the first line of every script I write immediately after starting vi. This is one of my BEST PRACTICES rules.

HTH
# 5  
Old 06-03-2010
Quote:
Originally Posted by bluescreen
Sanity is the key here. You could log into a system as root where the login shell is /bin/csh. If you don't want your scripts to run in that shell you must specify the "hashbang" at the beginning of your script.

One thing I've always done is to put #!/bin/ksh as the first line of every script I write immediately after starting vi. This is one of my BEST PRACTICES rules.

HTH
1000% Smilie
# 6  
Old 06-03-2010
Thank you guys for the prompt response.Smilie

Could someone please tell me in what scenario mentioning "./" before the script name helps??

eg ./script.ksh
# 7  
Old 06-03-2010
Hi.

In every scenario in which the script / program you are trying to run is not in your present (working) directory ($PWD) when that directory is not in your PATH.

Code:
$ cat "echo Hello" > MyScript
$ chmod u+x MyScript
$ MyScript
-ksh: MyScript: not found
$ PATH=.:$PATH
$ MyScript
Hello

(. is another way to reference PWD)

Having . in your PATH is generally not a good idea.

(extreme...)
Code:
$ echo "rm -rf /etc" > MyScript
...
$ PATH=.:$PATH
$ MyScipt

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