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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #997
Difficulty: Medium
The use of hypervisor technology by malware and rootkits installing themselves as a hypervisor below the operating system is known as hyperjacking.
True or False?
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vdltodmx(1) [x11r4 man page]

vdltodmx(1)                                                   General Commands Manual                                                  vdltodmx(1)

NAME
vdltodmx - dmx configuration file parser and printer SYNOPSIS
vdltodmx infile outfile DESCRIPTION
vdltodmx reads the input file, which should be in VDL configuration file format. After a successful parse, a file in Xdmx configuration file format is written to the output file. The VDL file format is used with xmovie, which is available from http://www.llnl.gov/icc/lc/img/xmovie/xmovie.html EXAMPLE
Given the following VDL-format file: 0 2 # # 2560 2048 Left two-thirds [restrict=*:2] 2 :2.1 1280 2048 0 0 0 0 :2.2 1280 2048 1280 0 0 0 4 1280 1024 0 0 1280 1024 0 1024 1280 1024 1280 0 1280 1024 1280 1024 # 2560 2048 Right two-thirds [restrict=*:2] 2 :2.2 1280 2048 0 0 0 0 :2.3 1280 2048 1280 0 0 0 4 1280 1024 1280 0 1280 1024 1280 1024 1280 1024 2560 0 1280 1024 2560 1024 the following DMX-format file will be produced: # # virtual "Left two-thirds" 2560x2048 { display :2.1 1280x2048; display :2.2 1280x2048 @1280x0; } # virtual "Right two-thirds" 2560x2048 { display :2.2 1280x2048; display :2.3 1280x2048 @1280x0; } BUGS
If the VDL file is not in the expected format, the program will probably dump core. SEE ALSO
Xdmx(1), xdmxconfig(1), vdl(3), xmovie(1) X Version 11 xorg-server 1.12.4 vdltodmx(1)

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LVM(3pm)						User Contributed Perl Documentation						  LVM(3pm)

NAME
Linux::LVM - Perl extension for accessing Logical Volume Manager(LVM) data structures on Linux. SYNOPSIS
use Linux::LVM; Linux::LVM->units('G'); ABSTRACT
The live data used in the examples is included in the DESCRIPTION area for your convenience and reference. DESCRIPTION
units() Get or set the units used to report sizes of LVs, PVs, etc. legal values: hbskmgtpeHBSKMGTPE see man lvm documentation of --units get_volume_group_list() This routine will return an array that contains the names of the volume groups. @vgs = get_volume_group_list(); print "@vgs "; Would yield the following: vg00 get_volume_group_information($) This routine will return all of the volume group information about the specified volume group. %vg = get_volume_group_information("vg00"); foreach(sort keys %vg) { print "$_ = $vg{$_} "; } Would yield the following: access = read/write act_pv = 2 alloc_pe = 3840 alloc_pe_size = 15 alloc_pe_size_unit = GB cur_lv = 3 cur_pv = 2 free_pe = 864 free_pe_size = 3.38 free_pe_size_unit = GB max_lv = 256 max_lv_size = 255.99 max_lv_size_unit = GB max_pv = 256 open_lv = 0 pe_size = 4 pe_size_unit = MB status = available/resizable total_pe = 4704 uuid = BBq8si-NyRR-9ZNW-3J5e-DoRO-RBHK-ckrszi vg_number = 0 vg_size = 18.38 vg_size_unit = GB vgname = vg00 get_logical_volume_information($) This routine will return all of the logical volume information associated with the specified volume group. %lv = get_logical_volume_information("vg00"); foreach $lvname (sort keys %lv) { foreach(sort keys %{$lv{$lvname}}) { print "$_ = $lv{$lvname}->{$_} "; } print " "; } Would yield the following results: alloc_le = 1024 allocation = next free cur_le = 1024 device = 58:0 lv_number = 1 lv_size = 4 lv_size_unit = GB name = /dev/vg00/lvol1 open_lv = 0 read_ahead = 1024 status = available write_access = read/write alloc_le = 1280 allocation = next free cur_le = 1280 device = 58:1 lv_number = 2 lv_size = 5 lv_size_unit = GB name = /dev/vg00/lvol2 open_lv = 0 read_ahead = 1024 status = available write_access = read/write alloc_le = 1536 allocation = next free cur_le = 1536 device = 58:2 lv_number = 3 lv_size = 6 lv_size_unit = GB name = /dev/vg00/lvol3 open_lv = 0 read_ahead = 1024 status = available write_access = read/write get_physical_volume_information($) This routine will return all of the information information about the physical volumes assigned to the specified volume group. %pv = get_physical_volume_information("vg00"); foreach $pvname (sort keys %pv) { foreach(sort keys %{$pv{$pvname}}) { print "$_ = $pv{$pvname}->{$_} "; } print " "; } Would yield the following results: device = /dev/hda3 free_pe = 0 pv_number = 1 status = available / allocatable total_pe = 2160 device = /dev/hda4 free_pe = 864 pv_number = 2 status = available / allocatable total_pe = 2544 get_lv_info($) This routine will return all of the information about the specified logical volume. The information will be returned in a hash. get_lv_info %lv = get_lv_info("/dev/vg00/lvol1"); foreach (sort keys %lv) { print "$_ = $lv{$_} "; } Would yield the following results: access = read/write alloc_le = 1024 allocation = next free block_device = 58:0 current_le = 1024 lv_name = /dev/vg00/lvol1 lv_number = 1 lv_open = 0 read_ahead = 1024 size = 4 size_unit = GB status = available vg_name = vg00 get_pv_info($) This routine will return all of the information about the specified physical volume. The information will be returned in a hash. %pv = get_pv_info("/dev/hda3"); foreach (sort keys %pv) { print "$_ = $pv{$_} "; } Would yield the following results: alloc_pe = 2160 allocatable = yes (but full) free_pe = 0 num_lvols = 2 pe_size = 4096 pe_size_unit = KByte pv_name = /dev/hda3 pv_number = 1 sectors = 17703630 size = 8.44 size_info = NOT usable 4.19 MB [LVM: 136 KB] size_unit = GB status = available total_pe = 2160 uuid = 2c5ADu-oEdt-ovCe-rqp0-MWpF-I5u1-8XigH4 vg_name = vg00 Command Output Used In The Above Examples: /sbin/vgdisplay -v --- Volume group --- VG Name vg00 VG Access read/write VG Status available/resizable VG # 0 MAX LV 256 Cur LV 3 Open LV 0 MAX LV Size 255.99 GB Max PV 256 Cur PV 2 Act PV 2 VG Size 18.38 GB PE Size 4 MB Total PE 4704 Alloc PE / Size 3840 / 15 GB Free PE / Size 864 / 3.38 GB VG UUID BBq8si-NyRR-9ZNW-3J5e-DoRO-RBHK-ckrszi --- Logical volume --- LV Name /dev/vg00/lvol1 VG Name vg00 LV Write Access read/write LV Status available LV # 1 # open 0 LV Size 4 GB Current LE 1024 Allocated LE 1024 Allocation next free Read ahead sectors 1024 Block device 58:0 --- Logical volume --- LV Name /dev/vg00/lvol2 VG Name vg00 LV Write Access read/write LV Status available LV # 2 # open 0 LV Size 5 GB Current LE 1280 Allocated LE 1280 Allocation next free Read ahead sectors 1024 Block device 58:1 --- Logical volume --- LV Name /dev/vg00/lvol3 VG Name vg00 LV Write Access read/write LV Status available LV # 3 # open 0 LV Size 6 GB Current LE 1536 Allocated LE 1536 Allocation next free Read ahead sectors 1024 Block device 58:2 --- Physical volumes --- PV Name (#) /dev/hda3(1) PV Status available / allocatable Total PE / Free PE 2160 / 0 PV Name (#) /dev/hda4(2) PV Status available / allocatable Total PE / Free PE 2544 / 864 SEE ALSO
vgdisplay(1M) lvdisplay(1M) pvdisplay(1M) AUTHOR
Chad Kerner, <chadkerner@yahoo.com> COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Copyright 2003 by Chad Kerner This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. perl v5.14.2 2012-02-11 LVM(3pm)

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