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Unix Version 7 - man page for mpxio (v7 section 5)

MPXIO(5)			       File Formats Manual				 MPXIO(5)

       mpxio - multiplexed i/o

       #include <sys/mx.h>

       #include <sgtty.h>

       Data  transfers	on  mpx files (see mpx(2)) are multiplexed by imposing a record structure
       on the io stream.  Each record represents  data from/to a particular channel or a  control
       or status message associated with a particular channel.

       The prototypical data record read from an mpx file is as follows

	    struct input_record {
		 short	   index;
		 short	   count;
		 short	   ccount;
		 char data[];

       where  index identifies the channel, and count specifies the number of characters in data.
       If count is zero, ccount gives the size of data, and the record is  a  control  or  status
       message.   Although  count  or ccount might be odd, the operating system aligns records on
       short (i.e. 16-bit) boundaries by skipping bytes when necessary.

       Data written to an mpx file must be formatted as an array of record structures defined  as

	    struct output_record {
		 short	   index;
		 short	   count;
		 short	   ccount;
		 char *data;

       where  the  data  portion of the record is referred to indirectly and the other cells have
       the same interpretation as in input_record.

       The control messages listed below may be read from a multiplexed  file  descriptor.   They
       are  presented  as  two	16-bit integers: the first number is the message code (defined in
       <sys/mx.h>), the second is an optional parameter meaningful only with M_WATCH and M_BLK.

	    M_WATCH - a process `wants to attach' on this channel.  The second parameter  is  the
		 16-bit user-id of the process that executed the open.
	    M_CLOSE  -	the  channel  is  closed.   This  message is generated when the last file
		 descriptor referencing a channel is closed.   The  detach  command  (see  mpx(2)
		 should be used in response to this message.
	    M_EOT  -  indicates  logical end of file on a channel.  If the channel is joined to a
		 typewriter, EOT (control-d) will cause the M_EOT message  under  the  conditions
		 specified  in tty(4) for  end of file.  If the channel is attached to a process,
		 M_EOT will be generated whenever the process writes zero bytes on the channel.
	    M_BLK - if non-blocking mode has been enabled on an mpx file descriptor xd by execut-
		 ing  ioctl(xd,  MXNBLK,  0),  write operations on the	file are truncated in the
		 kernel when internal queues become full.  This is done on a  per-channel  basis:
		 the  parameter  is  a	count  of the number of characters not transferred to the
		 channel on which M_BLK is received.
	    M_UBLK - is generated for a channel after M_BLK when the internal queues have drained
		 below a threshold.

       Two  other  messages  may  be  generated by the kernel.	As with other messages, the first
       16-bit quantity is the message code.

	    M_OPEN - is generated in conjunction with `listener' mode (see mpx(2)).  The  uid  of
		 the  calling process follows the message code as with M_WATCH.  This is followed
		 by a null-terminated string which is the name of the file being opened.
	    M_IOCTL - is generated for a channel connected to a process when  that  process  exe-
		 cutes the ioctl(fd, cmd, &vec) call on the channel file descriptor.  The M_IOCTL
		 code is followed by the cmd argument given to ioctl followed by the contents  of
		 the structure vec.  It is assumed, not needing a better compromise at this time,
		 that the length of vec is determined by sizeof (struct sgttyb)  as  declared  in

       Two control messages are understood by the operating system.  M_EOT may be sent through an
       mpx file to a channel.  It is equivalent to propagating a zero-length record  through  the
       channel;  i.e.  the channel is allowed to drain and the process or device at the other end
       receives a zero-length transfer before data starts  flowing  through  the  channel  again.
       M_IOCTL	can  also  be  sent through a channel.	The format is identical to that described


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