atof(3) [ultrix man page]

```atof(3) 						     Library Functions Manual							   atof(3)

Name
atof, atoi, atol, strtol, strtoul, strtod - convert ASCII to numbers

Syntax
#include <math.h>

double atof(nptr)
char *nptr;

atoi(nptr)
char *nptr;

long atol(nptr)
char *nptr;

long strtol(nptr, eptr, base)
char *nptr, **eptr;
int base;

unsigned long strtoul(nptr, eptr, base)
char *nptr, **eptr;
int base;

double strtod (nptr, eptr)
char *nptr, **eptr;

unsigned long strtoul(nptr, eptr, base)
char *nptr, **eptr;
int base;

Description
These functions convert a string pointed to by nptr to floating, integer, and long integer representation respectively.	The first unrecog-
nized character ends the string.

The function recognizes (in order), an optional string of spaces, an optional sign, a string of digits optionally containing a radix  char-
acter, an optional `e' or `E', and then an optionally signed integer.

The and functions recognize (in order), an optional string of spaces, an optional sign, then a string of digits.

The  function returns as a long integer, the value represented by the character string nstr.  The string is scanned up to the first charac-
ter inconsistent with the base.	Leading white-space characters are ignored.

If the value of eptr is not (char **) NULL, a pointer to the character terminating the scan is returned in **eptr.  If no  integer  can	be
formed, **eptr is set to nstr , and zero is returned.

If  base  is  positive  and  not greater than 36, it is used as the base for conversion.  After an optional leading sign, leading zeros are
ignored, and 0x or 0X is ignored if base is 16.

If base is zero, the string itself determines the base thus:  After an optional leading sign, a leading zero  indicates	octal  conversion,
and a leading 0x or 0X hexadecimal conversion.  Otherwise, decimal conversion is used.

Truncation from long to int can take place upon assignment, or by an explicit cast.

The function is the same as except that returns, as an unsigned long integer, the value represented by the character string nstr.

The  function  returns  as a double-precision floating point number, the value represented by the character string pointed to by nptr.  The
string is scanned up to the first unrecognized character.

The function recognizes an optional string of white-space characters, as defined by isspace in then an optional sign, then a string of dig-
its optionally containing a radix character, then an optional e or E followed by an optional sign or space, followed by an integer.

If  the value of eptr is not (char **)NULL, a pointer to the character terminating the scan is returned in the location pointed to by eptr.
If no number can be formed, *eptr is set to nptr, and zero is returned.

The radix character for and is that defined by the last successful call to category If category has not been called successfully, or if the
radix character is not defined for a supported language, the radix character is defined as a period (.).

International Environment
LC_CTYPE       If this environment variable is set and valid, uses the international language database named in the definition to determine
character classification rules.

LC_NUMERIC     If this environment is set and valid, and use the international language database named in the definition to determine radix
character rules.

LANG	      If  this environment variable is set and valid and use the international language database named in the definition to deter-
mine collation and character classification rules.  If or is defined, their definition supercedes the definition of LANG.

Diagnostics
The function returns HUGE if an overflow occurs, and  a 0 value if an underflow occurs, and sets errno to ERANGE.  HUGE is defined in

The function returns INT_MAX or INT_MIN (according to the sign of the value) and sets errno to ERANGE, if the correct value is outside  the
range of values that can be represented.

The  function  returns  LONG_MAX or LONG_MIN (according to the sign of the value) and sets errno to ERANGE, if the correct value is outside
the range of values that can be represented.

The function returns LONG_MAX or LONG_MIN (according to the sign of the value) and sets errno to ERANGE, if the correct	value  is  outside
the range of values that can be represented.

The function returns ULONG_MAX and sets errno to ERANGE, if the correct value is outside the range of values that can be represented.

The function returns HUGE (according to the sign of the value), and sets errno to ERANGE if the correct value would cause overflow.  A 0 is
returned and errno is set to ERANGE if the correct value would cause underflow.